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Namibia

Official Name:
Republic of Namibia

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Dr. Jonathan Mutau Kamwi
Phone:
+264 61 2842808
Emails:
mutauk@yahoo.co.uk

Energy profile

Namibia (2014)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Namibian urban households’ electrification is estimated at 70%, whereas for rural households, it has reached 25% in 2011.

Renewable energy potential

Presently, in Namibia, RE technologies are being widely used mostly for off-grid energisation and domestic water heating. Successful bigger RE projects, however, are found scattered in isolation all over the country. The most recent project and probably biggest is the wind park close to Lüderitz that is expected to be completed by mid-2013. Other examples are the first commercial solar power plant in Namibia, which is due to commence in the future, and will be divided into 10 MW each at Gerus, Osana and Kokerbook, the equipment of the Shamalindi Primary School near Grootfontein with a solar plant and the complementing of UNAM’s Northern Campus in Ongwediva with a grid-connected Solar Photovoltaic system, which was at the time the largest of its kind in Namibia.Furthermore, an initiative by the Austrian government, which ran until May 2012, aptly named Southern African Solar Thermal Training and Demonstration Initiative (SolTrain), assisted Southern African countries, including Namibia, to switch from a fossil fuel based energy supply to sustainable energy supply systems based on RE by setting up RE demonstration units at social institutions such as hospitals, orphanages and old people’s homes. Last but not least, almost all farms using wind pump installations for water are, in turn, forming small PV-wind hybrid islands all over the country.SolarNamibia has one of the best solar regimes in the world with an average high direct insolation of 2,200 kWh/m2/a and minimum cloud cover. The principal climatic indicator determining the technical potential for solar PV is the global horizontal irradiance (GHI). The areas with the highest GHI are mostly located in the western part of Namibia, from north to south.One of the major solar PV applications in Namibia is the solar water pumping (PVP) in the cattle farms. Solar PV is also use for rural access to modern energy. It consists in small system equipped with an inverter and a storage system (batteries) that provide enough electricity for lighting, radio, TV or fans. Larger solar home systems are also utilized by households having a substantial consumption. They can feed the grid without license if the system is smaller than 500 kV. However, there is no compensation from the power utility. There is no large commercial solar PV plant in Namibia to date.WindNamibia has one of the best wind RES in Africa since it is located in in the more extreme latitudes, away from the atmospheric heating and the earth’s rotation negative impacts. A wind assessment project was carried out by MME and GTZ in 1996 for the region of Luderitz and Walvis Bay (southern coast of Namibia). It showed that both sites have potential for wind power with wind speed around7 m/s. The methodology included a model analysis (WAsP and WindPro Programme) as well as ground measurement (10 m). Recent measurements at 85.7 meters high undertaken in Lüderitz by a potential wind IPP predict a yearly wind speed average reaching 10 m/s with a stable wind direction . Additional potential sites with good wind regime are likely to exist in areas located more in the North (e.g. Henties Bay, Terrace Bay, Mowe Bay). The SAPP has estimated the Namibian potential for wind at 27.201 MW and 36 TWh per year with a relative land use of 824,268 km2.There is currently one wind turbine (220 kW) installed in Namibia. It feed the distribution grid in Erongo Region.Biomass & BiogasIn Namibia, immense land areas are infested with invader bush. It is an important environmental concern because the bush encroachment limits the local biodiversity, the water absorption in the soil and the carrying capacity of livestock. It has been calculated that 26 million hectares of land are invaded in Namibia. With this amount of bush used to produce electricity, the same calculations shows that the potential generation would be 1,100 TWh which at the Namibian scale can be considered as unlimited. Most of this resource is located in the north of the country. The development of Jatropha-based biofuel is potentially high in the north-west of Namibia, i.e. Caprivi and Kavango regions.From 2007 to 2010, the project Combating Bush Encroachment for Namibia’s Development (CBEND) funded by the European Union (N$ 14 million) established the first bush to electricity demonstration plant (250 kW) in Namibia. It was also the first PPA signed by Nampower with an IPP. However, the power plant does not feed electricity yet due to the low power factor of the connecting line.HydroNamibia’s only perennial rivers are the Kunene, Kavango (forming borders with Angola and Zambia in the north) and the Orange River bordering South Africa in the south.In 2010, 64% of the electricity was generated with Ruacana hydropower plant. Ruacana hydropower has now a capacity of 332 MW.Nampower is examining the possibility of installing a second hydropower plant on Kunene River, downstream to Ruacana. The project (Baynes Hydro) has been in the pipelines for many decades. However, political tensions with Angola as well as socio-environmental concerns have restricted the project to a feasibility study. Nowadays, the perspective to supply Southern Africa from a large hydropower plant has raised interests for both parties. The estimated project implementation cost is about US$ 1.3 billion (US$ 10 billion).The deployment of small hydropower plants (6 to 12 MW) along the Orange River for a total capacity of 70 MW is examined by Nampower. The estimated cost is around US$ 5 million to U$ 35 million and it is planned to develop the project as a clean development mechanism activity.

Energy framework

The current energy policy is articulated in the White Paper on Energy Policy of 1998 (WPE). It contains specific policies with regard to RE that guided MME initiatives over the last few years. Between 2007 and 2010, the Namibian Renewable Energy Program (NAMREP) was developed to remove financial, economic, political and public awareness barriers to solar energy. Similarly, the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Capacity Building Program (REEECAP) was implemented to generate information for the implementation of RE and energy efficiency policies formulated in the WPE. Concerning off-grid renewable energy, the support of the MME has been substantial particularly through the OGEMP.The Energy Policy sets six specific national goals for the energy sector:effective governance,security of supply,National Building Codes to Incorporate Renewable Energy Technologies and Energy Efficiency Principlessocial well-beinginvestment and growth,economic competitiveness and efficiency, andsustainabilityThe Strategic Action Plan for the Implementation of Renewable Energy Policies was conducted in 2006, as part of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)/Global Environment Facility (GEF) /Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) project entitled Barrier Removal to Namibian Renewable Energy Programme (NAMREP). Its goal is to provide organisational support and prioritisation of future renewable energy interventions that are in line with the White Paper on Energy Policy. The Strategic Action Plan listed nine development objectives, which were:enhanced capacity of the renewable energy and energy efficiency sector,improved renewable energy and energy efficiency knowledge base,broadened awareness of renewable energy and energy efficiency,equal playing field for renewable energy,improved financing mechanisms for renewable energy technologies,improved security of energy supply,enhanced institutional coordination and integration,improved access to energy, andsustainable development.The Strategic Action Plan was also formulated based on the improvements and additions to the existing institutional environment, including the establishment of the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Institute (REEEI). The Strategic Action Plan included 41 policy statements, which ranged from developing and implementing a renewable energy and energy efficiency public awareness strategy, to the establishment of an Electrification Fund and developing renewable energy and energy efficiency guidelines for public institutions. While some of these development objectives have been met, such as the establishment of the REEEI, others are still being implemented or have not been addressed to date.Namibia Renewable Energy Programme (NAMREP)Building upon these objectives, in 2005, the Government of the Republic of Namibia initiated a Renewable Energy Programme with support from the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The Namibia Renewable Energy Programme was designed to increase affordability and access to RE services and accelerate market development for renewable energy technologies by reducing existing barriers, including human capacity, financial, technical, awareness and other market limitations.Namibia Energy Efficiency Programme in Buildings (NEEP)The Namibia Energy Efficiency Programme in Buildings (NEEP) is the major programme in the country that aims to promote the use of energy efficient technologies and practices in Namibia’s commercial and residential building sector. NEEP is co-funded by the GEF and UNDP under the Framework for Promoting Low Greenhouse Gas Buildings. This is a three year programme and is being implemented by the MME and REEEI at the Polytechnic of Namibia.The NEEP project’s objective is geared towards the reduction of Namibia’s energy-related GHG emissions through the nationwide adoption of energy-efficient technologies and practices in the commercial and residential building sector, with a focus on government buildings, hospitals, hotels, schools and possibly a sample of residential buildings.

Source
Static Source:
  • Identification and prioritization of technologies to address water scarcity and climate change impacts in Namibia

    Type: 
    Technical Assistance
    Date of submission:
    Phase:
    Completed
    Countries:
    Objective:
    Sectors:
    Cross-sectoral enabler:

    This Technology Transfer Advances Namibia's

    CTCN Response

    • Review national policies, projects and programmes 
    • Provide complete inventory of climate change adaptation projects for the water sector and international water plans, together with an analysis of lessons learned from these
  • Eco Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Eco is a boutique management consultancy specialized in the design and formulation of climate change mitigation and adaptation projects. Operating since 2000, Eco has worked with a wide range of international clients such as the AfDB, IFC, World Bank, UNDP, UNIDO, EBRD, GIZ and the European Union.

    Eco has designed over 250 projects in 82 countries across Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia. We have assessed markets and designed financial, technology and other strategies and then formulated projects.

  • Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated (OECI) is a private sector organization established in 2011 with the mission to provide quality technical and policy advice on sustainable development. Okapi's work includes project design, management and evaluation, strategic planning, capacity development, resource mobilization, scientific and technical advisory services, technology transfer. Okapi's experience extends in climate-affected sectors such as agriculture, sustainable land and water management, coastal zone management, infrastructure and others.

  • Institute of Natural Resources NPC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    South Africa
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The INR is a non-profit organization that works towards the wise use of natural resources in pursuit of sustainability for the good of the environment and the society, through multidisciplinary applied research. The INR provides strategic and operational support to develop cutting edge solutions that support the resolution of natural resource challenges, in partnership with government, civil society, the private sector and other leading research organizations.

  • Sustainable Capital Advisors

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    SCA provides strategy consulting and financial advisory services to public and private sector organizations seeking to implement sustainable infrastructure projects. Our client engagements involve a diversity of technologies located in countries across the world. Our job is to assist clients "sift through the noise" and develop practical and replicable solutions based on the realities of the financial and energy markets. 

  • International Water Management Institute

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Sri Lanka
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    IWMI’s Mission is to provide evidence-based solutions to sustainably manage water and land resources for food security, people’s livelihoods and the environment. IWMI’s Vision is ‘a water-secure world’. IWMI targets water and land management challenges faced by poor communities in the developing countries, and through this contributes towards the achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing poverty and hunger, and maintaining a sustainable environment. 

  • STENUM GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    STENUM has worked for UNIDO, UNEP and IFC in training their Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Centers and supporting them in the implementation of various activities (education of national experts, consultancy of companies in waster reduction, water minimization, chemicals management and energy efficiency). STENUM has elaborated several manuals and training materials (UNIDO train the trainer toolkit, UNEP PRESME toolkit).

  • Ecofys a Navigant company

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Ecofys, a Navigant company, is an international energy and climate consultancy focused on sustainable energy for everyone. Founded in 1984, the company is a trusted advisor to governments, corporations, NGOs, and energy providers worldwide. The team delivers powerful results in the energy and climate transition sectors. Working across the entire energy value chain, Ecofys develops innovative solutions and strategies to support its clients in enabling the energy transition and working through the challenges of climate change.

  • Ecosoluzioni Snc

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Italy
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Research and consulting on policy & market uptake actions in sustainable energy, clean tech, agriculture, waste mngt. and environment. Since 2000, wide-ranging technical assistance experience in climate change adaptation & mitigation related services, including: tech. assessments, business coaching, feasibility analysis, policy/market analysis, policy planning, M & E, partnership facilitation, finance structuring, agro-energy value chains, natural resources management, technology transfer. 

  • Integra Government Services International LLC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Integra designs, implements, and evaluates international development activities, with a focus on creating opportunities for the poor, expanding access to public infrastructure, promoting social and ecological resilience and strengthening donor programs. Integra has a proven record of innovative approaches yielding lasting results. Integra is a partner of NASA in deploying state-of-the-art Earth Observation technology for REDD+ MRV, while working to build on-the-ground socio-ecological resilience.