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Mauritania

Official Name:
Islamic Republic of Mauritania

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Sidi Mohamed Ould El Wavi
Phone:
+ 222 4600 8383
Emails:
elwavi.sm@gmail.com

Energy profile

Mauritania (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

National electrification rate (2011): 19%Urban: < 50%Semi-urban: 5%Rural: 3%Main cities are exclusively dependant on a single source. The Senegal River Development Organisation (OMVS) provides 15% of the hydropower generated in Manantali Dam. This constitutes a single interconnected network (225/90/3315 KV). All other areas and localities are supplied from off-grid separated small networks by diesel generators.In rural areas, the electricity is quasi-inexistent, with an electrification rate of about 3%. The viability of providing electricity service based on decentralized generators and networks leads to a high compensation of the private service providers, which aggravates the financial burden of the government. The penetration rate of renewables is insignificant due to the high investment and weak willingness to pay from the rural population due to lack of revenue generating activities.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyMauritania has some of the highest levels of solar radiation in the world making it an ideal place for producing solar energy. The gross solar energy input is estimated at 2x109 GW h/year. Solar irradiation on the horizontal surface varies between 1900 and 2200kWh/m2 year. This potential is provided year-round and for relatively long periods of time. The solar energy available can be used continuously in an optimal manner.Wind energyMauritania is the windiest country in West Africa. Wind potential is considerable, with a capacity for exploitation estimated at approximately 7644 kW/m2 year. Wind potential is ensured by three dominant winds: the maritime trade, which blows from the north west all year; the harmattan, a north-eastern wind that blows in the dry season; and a southern monsoon that displaces the intertropical face during the wet season. Wind speeds, at10m above ground level, vary between 3m/s and more than 9m/s in the north west near the Sahara.Biomass energyIn general, Mauritania offers a broad variety of biomass resources. Formerly, about 556,000 tons of crop waste (rice husk, rice straw, etc.) were produced annually and offered an energy potential of about 3.7 GWh. Due to the ten year civil war (1991–2001) and the interruption of the country’s agricultural output, these estimates need to be revised. In 2006, the Direction of Energy estimated the available land to 3.5 million hectares (3.5 % of the overall territory), leading to a total output of about 100,000 m³.Geothermal energyNo study has been conducted as to the geothermal potential of Mauritania, The country is largely formed from arid plains, and so geothermal potential is expected to be low.HydropowerMauritania’s water resources are relatively limited; surface resources are essentially those of the Senegal River and its tributaries.  Underground resources, which are unequally geographically distributed, with the situation being favourable in the south, south-east and south-west.  According to the World Energy Council, the gross theoretical capability is >12 TWh/yr with a technically exploitable capacity of 5 TWh/yr.

Energy framework

The Government main objective is to increase production capacity to meet demand by 2015.  The objectives targeted will be achieved through the execution of an action plan whose main elements are:Increasing production capacity by building a large plant of 700 MW in Nouakchott;Developing a interconnected system,Developing local or regional  connections for renewable energy andThe development of rural electrification.This action plan will be complemented by a series of complementary measures, the most important ones are:Reviewing the Electricity Code,Reviewing the institutional framework,Mobilizing resources to implement investments,Restoring large balances of SOMELEC andIntroducing incentives for renewable energy development.

Source
Static Source:
  • Prospects for the African Power Sector

    Type: 
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    Publication date:
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  • REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report: Africa

    Type: 
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    Publication date:
    Sectors:

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  • IRENA Portal for Studies on Renewable Energy Potential

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    This portal provides access to over 10,000 existing references of studies on renewable resources and potentials available worldwide. The information on this portal is presented using interactive flash maps with color codes that indicate the number of references available by country. Renewable energy resources considered include biomass, geothermal energy, hydropower, marine, solar and wind energy.

  • West African Power Pool: Planning and Prospects for Renewable Energy

    Type: 
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    Publication date:
    Sectors:

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