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Myanmar

Official Name:
Republic of the Union of Myanmar

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms. Thin Thuzar Win
Position:
Deputy Director, Climate Change Division
Phone:
+95 67 431325
Emails:
climatechange.ecd@gmail.com

Energy profile

Union of Myanmar (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

According to the IEA, in 2006 no more than 11% of the population was connected to the electricity grid. That would leave over 45 million people without grid electrification.

Renewable energy potential

HydropowerThe hydropower potential of the country is estimated to be more than 100,000MW. Myanmar Electric Power Enterprise ("MEPE") under the Ministry of Electric Power has identified more than 200 potential hydropower sites throughout the country which has a total installed capacity of 38.000MW.Wind energyPotential wind energy of Myanmar is around 365.1 terrawatt hour per year. Due to expensive initial cost, wind energy is implemented only as an experimental and research phase.Solar energyMeasurements indicate that radiation intensity of more than 5 KWh/m2/day is available during the dry season but the use of solar energy is also at an initial stage.Geothermal energyMyanmar has abundant geothermal resources. A total of 93 geothermal locations have been identified throughout the country.Biogas energySince 1980 biogas generation is being implemented in order to substitute fuel wood scarcity in Central Myanmar region. In addition, Jatropha Curcas plants have been grown to use the oil as an alternative fuel, and 7 million acres will be planted by 2011. The programme to produce Bio-ethernol and Bio-diesel as alternative fuel in the transport sector is also ongoing.  

Energy framework

Some apparently still relevant laws and policies are:Myanmar Electricity Law (1984)Electricity Act 1948 (as amended in 1967)Electricity Rules (1985)The Petroleum Act (1934) andPetroleum Rules of 1937 (as amended in 1946)National Environment Policy (1994).The Energy Policy is stated as: to maintain the status of energy dependence; to promote wider use of new and renewable sources of energy; to promote energy efficiency and conservation; and to promote use of alternative fuels in household.Myanmar has formulated and adopted Myanmar Agenda 21, published by the National Commission for Environmental Affairs (NCEA), with the general aim of facilitating the integration of environmental and sustainable development consideration.In 2009, the country has launched the National Sustainable Development Strategies (NSDS), which covers three main areas of Social, Economic and Environmental issues and focuses national effort to achieve sustainable development. Myanmar joined Bangladesh India Myanmar Sri Lanka Thailand-Economic Cooperation (BIMST-EC) in 1997.Myanmar signed an agreement on the established of the ASEAN Centre for Energy in 1998 together with eight other ASEAN countries. PROMEEC (Promotion of Energy Efficiency and Conservation) is a programme coordinated on by ASEAN to facilitate capacity building and exchange of information between the ASEAN countries.Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) Economic Cooperation with six member countries was launched with the assistance of the Asian Development Bank in 1992. Its economic cooperation in energy sector includes: regional power interconnection & power trade arrangements; sub-regional strategy for the utilization of natural gas; and sub-regional strategy for cooperation in renewable energy. The Inter-Governmental Agreement on Regional Power Trade in the GMS was signed in 2002, and the Regional Power Trade Coordination Committee (RPTCC) was created in 2002 to coordinate, promote and implement regional power trading development.In 2005, Myanmar and Thailand signed an MOU on cooperation in renewable energy and energy saving sectors.The Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EE&C) goals submitted to the 5th East Asia Summit Energy Ministers Meeting, held on 20 September 2011 in Brunei Darussalam, state that the country uses TPES as the EE Indicator, and aims at 5% reduction by 2020 from 2005 level and 10% reduction by 2030 from 2005 level. However, the action plans submitted were from 2009 and not concrete. Government officials admit the lack of explicit energy efficiency and conservation laws but consider that some existing building regulation implicitly contribute energy efficiency and conservation. An energy efficiency and conservation master plan is under preparation. Barriers for energy efficiency are considered to be: weakness of follow up activities and initiatives to implement EE&C action; need for more training programme for EE&C; need for energy efficiency laws; need for a mechanism to get comprehensive, reliable, accurate energy consumption data of industries and buildings; need for provision of tax incentives programme to industries and building sector to implement EE&C measure; institutional constraints; and financial constraints.The currently low awareness of EE&C in Myanmar is due to subsidized energy pricing system.Myanmar ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on 25 November 1994 and its Kyoto Protocol on 13 August 2003.

Source
Static Source:
  • Eco Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Eco is a boutique management consultancy specialized in the design and formulation of climate change mitigation and adaptation projects. Operating since 2000, Eco has worked with a wide range of international clients such as the AfDB, IFC, World Bank, UNDP, UNIDO, EBRD, GIZ and the European Union.

    Eco has designed over 250 projects in 82 countries across Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia. We have assessed markets and designed financial, technology and other strategies and then formulated projects.

  • Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated (OECI) is a private sector organization established in 2011 with the mission to provide quality technical and policy advice on sustainable development. Okapi's work includes project design, management and evaluation, strategic planning, capacity development, resource mobilization, scientific and technical advisory services, technology transfer. Okapi's experience extends in climate-affected sectors such as agriculture, sustainable land and water management, coastal zone management, infrastructure and others.

  • Sustainable Capital Advisors

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    SCA provides strategy consulting and financial advisory services to public and private sector organizations seeking to implement sustainable infrastructure projects. Our client engagements involve a diversity of technologies located in countries across the world. Our job is to assist clients "sift through the noise" and develop practical and replicable solutions based on the realities of the financial and energy markets. 

  • International Water Management Institute

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Sri Lanka
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    IWMI’s Mission is to provide evidence-based solutions to sustainably manage water and land resources for food security, people’s livelihoods and the environment. IWMI’s Vision is ‘a water-secure world’. IWMI targets water and land management challenges faced by poor communities in the developing countries, and through this contributes towards the achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing poverty and hunger, and maintaining a sustainable environment. 

  • STENUM GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    STENUM has worked for UNIDO, UNEP and IFC in training their Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Centers and supporting them in the implementation of various activities (education of national experts, consultancy of companies in waster reduction, water minimization, chemicals management and energy efficiency). STENUM has elaborated several manuals and training materials (UNIDO train the trainer toolkit, UNEP PRESME toolkit).

  • Ecofys a Navigant company

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Ecofys, a Navigant company, is an international energy and climate consultancy focused on sustainable energy for everyone. Founded in 1984, the company is a trusted advisor to governments, corporations, NGOs, and energy providers worldwide. The team delivers powerful results in the energy and climate transition sectors. Working across the entire energy value chain, Ecofys develops innovative solutions and strategies to support its clients in enabling the energy transition and working through the challenges of climate change.

  • Ecosoluzioni Snc

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Italy
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Research and consulting on policy & market uptake actions in sustainable energy, clean tech, agriculture, waste mngt. and environment. Since 2000, wide-ranging technical assistance experience in climate change adaptation & mitigation related services, including: tech. assessments, business coaching, feasibility analysis, policy/market analysis, policy planning, M & E, partnership facilitation, finance structuring, agro-energy value chains, natural resources management, technology transfer. 

  • SNV Netherlands Development Organization

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    SNV is a not-for-profit international development organisation founded in the Netherlands 50 years ago. SNV helps people overcome poverty in 38 of the poorest countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America by enabling access to thetools, knowledge and connections they need to increase their incomes and gain access to basic services. SNV works in three key sectors - Agriculture, Renewable Energy and WASH - and in the cross cutting themes of lnclusive Business, REDD+ and Climate Smart Agriculture.

  • Roedl & Partner

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Roedl & Partner is a globally active professional services firm with approximately 4,000 employees and physical presence in 78 countries, including developing countries. One focus area of Roedl & Partner is public Management Consulting, which covers the energy sector. Roedl & Partner's interdisciplinary Renewable Energy team offers comprehensive business, legal, regulatory, and management consulting services to renewable energy sector clients worldwide. Roedl & Partner manages the Geothermal Risk Mitigation Fund (East Africa).

  • Integra Government Services International LLC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Integra designs, implements, and evaluates international development activities, with a focus on creating opportunities for the poor, expanding access to public infrastructure, promoting social and ecological resilience and strengthening donor programs. Integra has a proven record of innovative approaches yielding lasting results. Integra is a partner of NASA in deploying state-of-the-art Earth Observation technology for REDD+ MRV, while working to build on-the-ground socio-ecological resilience.