Investor Interest and Capacity-Building Needs. Financing Energy Efficiency Investments for Climate Change Mitigation ProjectType:PublicationPublication date:
This report summarizes findings of assessment missions in Albania, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kazakhstan, Republic of Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and Ukraine. For each country, the following details are provided: energy overview, financial environment in energy efficiency and renewable energy (including legal, regulatory, and policy framework), existing financing mechanisms, potential projects, and investor interest.
This database provides energy information for countries throughout the world, including Africa; the Baltic States, Central Europe, and Eastern Europe; Latin America and the Caribbean; the Middle East; Russia and FSU; South Asia; South East Asia; and the Pacific Region. For each country, the database provides information on energy sources, reliance, electrification expansion, capacity concerns, renewable energy, energy efficiency, ownership, competition, framework, national energy priorities, the role of government, and regulation.
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This web-based database provides detailed project output documents from Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) projects. The database contains output documents from specific types of energy access, energy efficiency, and renewable energy programmes. These documents can be searched based for certain technologies or particular countries. Output documents are in English, Spanish, Chinese, French, and Portuguese. REEEP projects aim to improve access to clean and reliable energy in developing countries.
reegle's policy and regulatory overviews provide country highlights for a variety of policies and regulations relating to energy, energy efficiency, fuels, standards and labeling, incentives such as feed-in tariffs for renewables, national targets, and other national strategies for low-carbon development.
This reegle website provides comprehensive energy profiles for all countries with information from reliable sources such as UN or the World Bank. Profile information includes national policies on energy-related issues, visualized statistics, renewable energy potentials maps, national projects programmes, and key stakeholders.
Fuel Switching and Climate and Energy Policies in the European Power Generation Sector: A Generalized Leontief ModelType:PublicationPublication date:
This study analyzes the role and nature of price-induced fuel switching behaviour between fossil fuels (i.e., coal, oil, and natural gas) in the western European power sector. It also investigates the impact of a number of public policies on fuel choice in the energy sector during the last 20 years. The empirical results show evidence of notable short-run inter-fuel substitution between oil and gas, particularly in countries where fossil fuels are used extensively for both base and peak load purposes.
Robust Marginal Abatement Cost Curves (MACCs)? The Topography of Abatement by Fuelswitching in the European Power SectorType:PublicationPublication date:
This paper employs a simulation model of the European power sector in order to analyze the abatement response to a carbon dioxide (CO2) price through fuel switching. Abatement is shown to depend on the price of allowances, but, more importantly, on the load level of the system and the ratio between natural gas and coal prices. The interplay of these determinants vitiates any simple relation between a CO2 price and abatement and requires the development of more than two-dimensional graphics to illustrate these complex relationships.
Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction by Means of Fuelswitching in Electricity Generation: Addressing the PotentialsType:PublicationPublication date:
This paper investigates the possibilities that exist for switching coal-fired plants to gas-fired plants, depending on load level. A fixed allowance cost and a variable natural gas price are assumed. The method to address greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction potentials is first illustrated in a methodological case. Next, the GHG emission reduction potentials are addressed for several western European countries together with a relative positioning of their electricity generation. GHG emission reduction potentials are also compared with simulation results.
Progress Towards Implementation of Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC)-Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) in EuropeType:PublicationPublication date:
This paper covers development and demonstration initiatives of integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) technology with carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) in Europe. It also presents technical and political barriers blocking the way for early commercialization of the IGCC-CCS technology in Europe.
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With a focus on Europe, this webinar—part of a series—presents the findings of REN21’s Renewables 2012 Global Status Report, which addresses the cumulating effect of steady growth in renewable energy markets, support policies and investment over the past years.