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Marshall Islands

Official Name:
Republic of the Marshall Islands
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Clarence Samuel
Position:
Director
Phone:
+692 625 7944, +692 625 7945
Emails:
clarencesam@gmail.com

Energy profile

Marshall Islands (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

In 2009, 63% of households in total had electricity. 88% of urban households, and 12% of rural households, are electrified. Nearly 90% of urban households on Ebeye Island had electric lighting in 1999, compared to 13% in outer islands, 71% of whom used kerosene.On Majuro Island, the grid served 4,582 customers in 2010, with approximately 54 km of transmission lines.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energySolar PV is the most appropriate technology for electricity production from renewable energy in the RMI. In 2006, two atolls had every house (195 in total) powered with solar lighting systems, and another two atolls were waiting for the ordered materials to arrive. In 2006, the goal was to have all 1760 households in the remote outer islands powered with solar lighting systems within the next five years (by the end of 2011).Wave energyWave energy and Ocean Tidal Energy Conversion have long-term potential, but both are the prototype stage.Biomass energyA proposed project for small-scale mill systems in the outer islands is currently on hold. MEC also plans to refit the Majuro Station One, Engine #3 to utilise biofuels. The Global Sustainable Energy Islands Initiative has conducted a feasibility study on the uptake of coconut/copra biofuels as a source of energy for the RMI. Tobolar copra mill is retailing a 50/50 blend of filtered coconut oil and diesel, below the price of regular diesel. SOPAC inspections have ratified that long-term use of the blend will not damage regular diesel engines.Wind energyA wind monitoring project, to assess the wind resource of the islands, is currently underway. The island's first wind turbine was installed in April 2011 by a private firm, Moana Marine LLC. Capacity currently stands at 10 kW. Wind speeds for the island have been recorded in the past by the U.S., with averages in the region of 6-7 m/s throughout the islands.Hydropower, GeothermalThere is no hydroelectric potential, due to the topography of the islands and the lack of suitable onshore water sources, and no practical geothermal energy development potential.

Energy framework

In 2003, the Marshall Islands National Energy Policy (MINEP) was adopted. In the wake of the 2008 energy crisis, the policy was updated in 2009, and a new National Energy Plan was created.In 2008, RMI was finalising a project proposal to directly address the region’s energy needs and vulnerability to climate change impacts. This US$ 14 million program would provide approximately US$ 1 million of support for renewable energy projects in RMI’s outer islands.The Global Sustainable Energy Islands Initiative (GSEII) had two projects in the RMI: an Energy Efficient Lighting Program, providing 10,000 energy efficient light bulbs, and a project to expand the use of photovoltaic technology.The RMI are also going to benefit from the 10th EU Development Program 2008-2013. Funding for the island increased by 26%, to €5.8 million. Under the previous EDP, outer islands in particular were supported in their drive to establish renewable energy systems. Funding again targets renewable energy and energy efficiency, but capacity building and institutional strengthening of the office of the National Authorising Officer is also supported.In the Barbados Declaration on Achieving Sustainable Energy for All in  Small Island Developing States (SIDS - 2012), the country reiterates its commitment to the Marshall Islands 2009 National Energy Policy and Energy Action Plan, the 2011 National Climate Change Policy Framework and Joint National Action Plan (for climate change adaptation, energy security and disaster risk reduction), and the Green Energy Micronesia initiative:1. A 40% reduction in CO2 emissions below 2009 levels by 2020;2. Electrification of 100% of urban households and 95% of rural outer atoll households by 2015;3. The provision of 20% of energy through indigenous renewable resources by 2020;4. Improved efficiency of energy use in 50% of households and businesses, and 75% of government buildings by 2020;5. A 20% efficiency improvement in transportation sector fuel use by 2020;6. Feasibility studies and internationally supported financing plans for innovative ‘game-changing’ renewable energy and sustainable development opportunities including Majuro atoll waste-to-energy and Kwajalein/Ebeye atoll OTEC plants undertaken by 2015. 

Source
Static Source:
  • Sustainable Energy Regulation Network (SERN) Policy Database

    Type: 
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    This database provides energy information for countries throughout the world, including Africa; the Baltic States, Central Europe, and Eastern Europe; Latin America and the Caribbean; the Middle East; Russia and FSU; South Asia; South East Asia; and the Pacific Region. For each country, the database provides information on energy sources, reliance, electrification expansion, capacity concerns, renewable energy, energy efficiency, ownership, competition, framework, national energy priorities, the role of government, and regulation.

  • Clean Energy Info Portal: reegle (Website)

    Type: 
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    This database provides global information on renewable energy, energy efficiency, and climate change, including country energy profiles, a list of key global stakeholders, policy and regulatory overviews, an energy and climate change glossary, a clean energy Web search, geobrowsing features, and a clean energy blog.

  • Project Outputs Database (Website)

    Type: 
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    Publication date:

    This web-based database provides detailed project output documents from Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) projects. The database contains output documents from specific types of energy access, energy efficiency, and renewable energy programmes. These documents can be searched based for certain technologies or particular countries. Output documents are in English, Spanish, Chinese, French, and Portuguese. REEEP projects aim to improve access to clean and reliable energy in developing countries.

  • Policy and Regulatory Overviews (Website)

    Type: 
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    reegle's policy and regulatory overviews provide country highlights for a variety of policies and regulations relating to energy, energy efficiency, fuels, standards and labeling, incentives such as feed-in tariffs for renewables, national targets, and other national strategies for low-carbon development.

  • Country Energy Profiles (Website)

    Type: 
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    This reegle website provides comprehensive energy profiles for all countries with information from reliable sources such as UN or the World Bank. Profile information includes national policies on energy-related issues, visualized statistics, renewable energy potentials maps, national projects programmes, and key stakeholders.

  • Access to Energy for the Poor: An Asia-Pacific Regional Initiative

    Type: 
    Publication
    Access to Energy for the Poor: An Asia-Pacific Regional Initiative
    Publication date:

    This concept paper addresses the creation of a regional initiative to address challenges of energy access for the poor. The initiative focuses on enhancing financing mechanisms, replicating successes in energy lending, sharing best practices, and promoting innovative financing. The paper also outlines a framework for activities and impact criteria.

  • REN21 Renewables 2012 Global Status Report: Asia and the Pacific

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    With a focus on Asia and the Pacific, this webinar—part of a series—presents the findings of REN21’s Renewables 2012 Global Status Report, which addresses the cumulating effect of steady growth in renewable energy markets, support policies and investment over the past years.

  • IRENA Portal for Studies on Renewable Energy Potential

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    This portal provides access to over 10,000 existing references of studies on renewable resources and potentials available worldwide. The information on this portal is presented using interactive flash maps with color codes that indicate the number of references available by country. Renewable energy resources considered include biomass, geothermal energy, hydropower, marine, solar and wind energy.