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Madagascar

Official Name:
Republic of Madagascar

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Name:
Mr. Michel Laivao
Phone:
+261 34 05 620 45
Emails:
laivao2002@yahoo.fr
,
Name:
Mr. Todisoa Manankasina
Phone:
+261 34 05 623 84
Emails:
t.manankasina@yahoo.fr
,
Name:
Mr. Germain Randriasandratana
Phone:
+261 34 05 624 03
Emails:
randriasandratana@yahoo.fr

Energy profile

Madagascar (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

There are now three grids in the country; the Antananarivo Grid, the Toamasina Grid and the Fianarantsoa Grid. All equipment for transmission is administered by JIRAMA, the national utility. Whilst reliability and coverage of electricity have increased over the past 5 years, electricity generation only covers 15% of national needs, 72% in the urban areas and 5% in the rural areas. Production as a whole is unable to satisfy demand, so the rate of electrification is low, particularly in rural areas where less than 2% of the population have access to electricity.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyThere is a favourable capacity for solar energy in the country, with an average horizontal insolation of 5.5 kWh/m2/day, across the majority of the land area. Photovoltaic’s (PV) in particular are currently utilised for powering public buildings such as health clinics, as well as an off-grid rural electrification solution.Wind energyConditions in the north and south have been identified as favourable to wind energy, exhibiting average wind speeds of 7.5 to 8.1 m/s at 80m. Other locations in the east and west have average wind speeds of 5.5 to 6.0 m/s at 80m. Wind power potential is currently being developed, as a technology for rural electrification, as well as on a larger scale, with independent power producer projects utilising the technology, and a 1.2 MW farm being constructed in the north of the island.Biomass energyBiomass in the south has been identified as having high potential for energy production. Sugar production is high, and bagasse co-generation is common. Currently, GEM Biofuels has a 137,000 acre plantation within the country dedicated to jatropha oil production. The first commercial shipment of oil was made in January, 2010.Geothermal energyadagascar is believed to have a geothermal potential which is estimated to be in excess of 350MW and it presents a huge number of medium and low enthalpy geothermal zones of interest. The exploration of geothermal energy in Madagascar is still at an early stage. In 2008, the country evaluated its low and medium enthalpy geothermal resources and the preliminary results from geology, geochemical data analyses and geophysical measurements indicate that medium temperature geothermal systems exist in the central and northern parts of the country and possibility of drilling into a medium temperature geothermal reservoir is high.HydropowerThe total hydro-electric potential of the country is estimated at 7,800 MW. However, only 150 MW of this is currently exploited, indicating the very high potential for further hydropower utilisation. Madagascar currently has 7 hydro-electric power plants, as well as 11 small-/micro-hydro plants.

Energy framework

In 2008, given the dependency on the oil imports and in the line of long term development of the country, the Government of Madagascar has set ambitious targets for extending electricity access under the Madagascar Action Plan (MAP). The MAP, which covers the period 2007-2012, is the medium term framework for achieving the country’s long term development aspirations as embodied in Madagascar Vision Naturally, as well as the long term targets in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) or “Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement” (OMD). In the targets, the Government of Madagascar has planned to increase the electricity access rate to 74% in urban environment and 10% in rural environment by the year 2011. The energy supply will be derived from all possible sources of energy in Madagascar (solar, hydro, wind, bio).To reach those targets, the Government of Madagascar has elaborated the National Energy Strategy and Policy.The National Energy Policy contains statements on issues such as energy pricing and subsidies, energy sector governance and regulation, and the financing of energy sector investments. The policy also contains a separate policy statement on the electricity sub-sector, which confirms the policy commitment to enhancing access to electricity, particularly in rural areas.The National Energy Strategy sets out how the energy transition in Madagascar will be achieved given the macroeconomic impacts of consuming more petroleum products and electricity. The strategy highlights that the Government’s priorities to develop a knowledge-based economy and exploit indigenous energy resources will help to ensure that modern energy consumption is consistent with sustainable increases in national income levels.

Source
Static Source:
  • Eco Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Eco is a boutique management consultancy specialized in the design and formulation of climate change mitigation and adaptation projects. Operating since 2000, Eco has worked with a wide range of international clients such as the AfDB, IFC, World Bank, UNDP, UNIDO, EBRD, GIZ and the European Union.

    Eco has designed over 250 projects in 82 countries across Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia. We have assessed markets and designed financial, technology and other strategies and then formulated projects.

  • Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated (OECI) is a private sector organization established in 2011 with the mission to provide quality technical and policy advice on sustainable development. Okapi's work includes project design, management and evaluation, strategic planning, capacity development, resource mobilization, scientific and technical advisory services, technology transfer. Okapi's experience extends in climate-affected sectors such as agriculture, sustainable land and water management, coastal zone management, infrastructure and others.

  • Institute of Natural Resources NPC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    South Africa
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The INR is a non-profit organization that works towards the wise use of natural resources in pursuit of sustainability for the good of the environment and the society, through multidisciplinary applied research. The INR provides strategic and operational support to develop cutting edge solutions that support the resolution of natural resource challenges, in partnership with government, civil society, the private sector and other leading research organizations.

  • Sustainable Capital Advisors

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    SCA provides strategy consulting and financial advisory services to public and private sector organizations seeking to implement sustainable infrastructure projects. Our client engagements involve a diversity of technologies located in countries across the world. Our job is to assist clients "sift through the noise" and develop practical and replicable solutions based on the realities of the financial and energy markets. 

  • International Water Management Institute

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Sri Lanka
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    IWMI’s Mission is to provide evidence-based solutions to sustainably manage water and land resources for food security, people’s livelihoods and the environment. IWMI’s Vision is ‘a water-secure world’. IWMI targets water and land management challenges faced by poor communities in the developing countries, and through this contributes towards the achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing poverty and hunger, and maintaining a sustainable environment. 

  • STENUM GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    STENUM has worked for UNIDO, UNEP and IFC in training their Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Centers and supporting them in the implementation of various activities (education of national experts, consultancy of companies in waster reduction, water minimization, chemicals management and energy efficiency). STENUM has elaborated several manuals and training materials (UNIDO train the trainer toolkit, UNEP PRESME toolkit).

  • Ecofys a Navigant company

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Ecofys, a Navigant company, is an international energy and climate consultancy focused on sustainable energy for everyone. Founded in 1984, the company is a trusted advisor to governments, corporations, NGOs, and energy providers worldwide. The team delivers powerful results in the energy and climate transition sectors. Working across the entire energy value chain, Ecofys develops innovative solutions and strategies to support its clients in enabling the energy transition and working through the challenges of climate change.

  • Ecosoluzioni Snc

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Italy
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Research and consulting on policy & market uptake actions in sustainable energy, clean tech, agriculture, waste mngt. and environment. Since 2000, wide-ranging technical assistance experience in climate change adaptation & mitigation related services, including: tech. assessments, business coaching, feasibility analysis, policy/market analysis, policy planning, M & E, partnership facilitation, finance structuring, agro-energy value chains, natural resources management, technology transfer. 

  • SNV Netherlands Development Organization

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    SNV is a not-for-profit international development organisation founded in the Netherlands 50 years ago. SNV helps people overcome poverty in 38 of the poorest countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America by enabling access to thetools, knowledge and connections they need to increase their incomes and gain access to basic services. SNV works in three key sectors - Agriculture, Renewable Energy and WASH - and in the cross cutting themes of lnclusive Business, REDD+ and Climate Smart Agriculture.

  • Roedl & Partner

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Roedl & Partner is a globally active professional services firm with approximately 4,000 employees and physical presence in 78 countries, including developing countries. One focus area of Roedl & Partner is public Management Consulting, which covers the energy sector. Roedl & Partner's interdisciplinary Renewable Energy team offers comprehensive business, legal, regulatory, and management consulting services to renewable energy sector clients worldwide. Roedl & Partner manages the Geothermal Risk Mitigation Fund (East Africa).