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Montenegro

Official Name:
Montenegro

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Name:
Ms. Biljana Kilibarda
Position:
Adviser in Directorate for Environment and Climate Change
Emails:
biljana.kilibarda@mrt.gov.me

Energy profile

Montenegro (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

According to the AEA (Austrian Energy Agency), nearly all Montenegrin households are electrified and metered.

Renewable energy potential

In Montenegro the share of renewable electricity sources as a percentage of gross electricity consumption reached 39.8% in 2006 (1,876 GWh).  This figure is misleading since Montenegro is highly dependent on electricity imports, as domestic production amounts to only about two thirds of gross consumption; therefore the share of renewable electricity generation in terms of domestic production is significantly higher than in the case of consumption, reaching 63.6%.Montenegro’s renewable electricity generation is dominated by hydro generation, which is the only renewable source currently used. Large hydro plants have an installed capacity of 649 MW, while small hydro plants only amount for 9 MW.Montenegro does not have an official renewable target for 2020 and is highly dependent on electricity imports; however, it has significant potential in local renewable energy sources to reduce this dependence.  Key renewables in Montenegro are hydro, wind, biomass and solar energy.The largest potential is that of hydro, with approximately 11 TWh/year hydro generation potential; while the current utilization level is about 17%. Potential for small HPP generation is approximately 400 GWh, with potential sites being characterized by relatively small flows and high slopes.Wind energy potential is relatively low in Montenegro. Wind speeds in excess of 5 m/s are only present in the central and coastal regions of the country.Except for traditional uses, biomass has not been adopted as a power source. However, the resource potential in Montenegro is good, with 42% of the country being forested.Based on the studies that are supporting the National Energy Strategy, Montenegro has one of the greatest potentials for solar energy in South East Europe, with direct solar irradiation accounting for 17-18% of annual time. Average energies of  4.45 kWh/m2 have been recorded at seaside towns in the country.The only study into the geothermal potential of Montenegro was undertaken in the territory of the capital, Podgorica. Underground waters of 12-13 degrees Celsius were found, which could be used for summer cooling. 

Energy framework

The basis of the energy policy is included in the proposed Montenegrin Energy Laws.Energy Policy of the Republic of Montenegro was adopted in April 2005.  In June 2007 the document “Energy Development Strategy of Montenegro by 2025” was prepared.  The next step following the adoption of the Energy Development Strategy was the preparation of its implementation through the development of the Action Plan for the first 5 years (2008-2012).“The Energy Development Strategy of Montenegro by 2025” functions as the starting point for a European model of a sustainable and strategic development of its energy sector and the enactment of other necessary legislation, and the institutional support for a successful implementation of Montenegro’s energy policy on its way to European and broader international integrations, and certainly as a support to the Government of Montenegro and other government institutions in the preparation of other energy program documents.Montenegro has developed an Energy Efficiency Action Plan 2008–2012 to promote more efficient use of energy across economic sectors. The Montenegro Energy Efficiency Project will finance improvements in heating systems, insulation, thermostatic valves, heat substations and networks, and other installations in buildings such as schools and hospitals. 

Source
Static Source:
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