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Moldova

Official Name:
Republic of Moldova

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms. Ala Druta
Phone:
+373 22 71 91 31
Emails:
adapt@clima.md, drutaala@yahoo.com

Energy profile

Moldova (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

N/A 

Renewable energy potential

Hydro The overall hydro potential is estimated at 3 TWh per year, of which 1.9 TWh per year could derive from large hydro and the remaining 1.1 TWh per year from small hydro plants.Wind In 2001, the Technical University of the Republic of Moldova conducted a research project with the goal to establish the Wind Atlas of Moldova. The results of this study show that there are favourable zones for wind installations, with wind speed equal or exceeding 7 m/s at 50 m above ground. The overall wind potential is estimated to be 1,000 MW, while the Energy Strategy 2020, foresees an installed wind capacity of about 26-34 MW in 2015, capable of generating 89- 111 GWh.BiomassThe potential for fuel wood and agricultural and forestry waste in Moldova is estimated to be 820,000 toe, while the biogas potential is estimated to be 3.7 million m3.BiofuelsThe potential for biofuels in Moldova is currently unknown. However, some estimates show that with the use of 50,000 ha, which represents 2.5% of the overall arable land in the country, 52,500 t of biofuel could be produced, which would cover 26% of the fuel need for agricultural works.

Energy framework

2007 Moldovan National Develop­ment Strategy (NDS) 2008-2011A concise treatment of the overall domestic energy industry — as an integral part of the national economy— was presented in the December 2007 Moldovan National Develop­ment Strategy (NDS) 2008-2011. This has been one of the main internal medi­um-term strategic planning papers, which defines the development objectives of Moldova until 2011 and identifies the priority measures and actions to achieve these objectives. The key objective of the Strategy was to ensure a better quality of people’s lives by strengthen­ing the foundation for strong, sustainable and inclusive economic growth. In this context, the spirit and vision of the Strategy aspire towards Moldova’s alignment with European standards and, consequently, to the accomplishment of the European integration goal.With regard to energy, the NDS had a particular focus on improving the situation in the en­ergy sector by boosting investments through increased public expenditures, the promotion of public-private partnerships and the improvement of the management of state-owned enterprises. It also provided for the diversification of gas and electricity suppliers as a means of decreasing the country’s total dependence on imported energy sources. In this respect, it recognised that Moldova’s participation in the South-European energy market was an opportunity to secure and diversify its energy supplies.A new strategy for 2012-2020 is currently being drafted. http://www.gov.md-libview.php?l=en&id=436En­ergy Strategy of the Republic of Moldova until 2010Another important document directly relating to the domestic energy sector was the En­ergy Strategy of the Republic of Moldova until 2010, which specified the current state, the key tasks and funds for energy development in the medium-term. Among the main objec­tives are: the development of the functioning capacity of the energy system, the increase of consumption efficiency aimed at improving energy conservation, and the maximisation of the use of alternative energy sources.Energy Strategy of the Republic of Moldova until 2020provides for the implementation of specific measures and activities to be oriented toward:creating a more efficient, reliable and competitive national energy industry that is geared towards serving the needs of the customer;enhancing security of energy supply;promoting energy and economic efficiency;liberalising the energy market and further restructuring the power industry; andboosting Moldova’s role as an important transit country for electricity and gas.In this regard, the new Energy Strategy provides in general terms for the improvement of legislation relating to energy development through the establishment of a transparent and efficient national legal framework, which will include incentives approved by international practice. It also provides for the development of scientific, technical, economic, informa­tional, financial and energy production potential and the identification and removal of exist­ing barriers to the implementation of energy projects.The Energy Strategy of the Republic of Moldova until 2020 includes the ambitious goal of increasing the proportion of RES in the domestic energy mix to 20% by 2020. It also sets specific targets for the use of biofuels and further foresees the development of the energy potential of biomass, solar energy by conversion to electricity and heat, wind, hydro­power, and, in the future, new sources of energy. In line with the mandates of the Energy Strategy, detailed studies have been initiated for the construction of “mini” combined heat and power plants to be fuelled with RES.Energy Efficiency LawIn July 2010, Moldova adopted an Energy Efficiency Law, which provides, inter alia, for the establishment of an energy efficiency agency. The country took steps towards an EE programme, the updating of the law on RE, as well as action plans on renewable energy and biofuels.National Programme of Energy Conservation for 2003-2010Energy efficiency is a priority in Moldova and strategic policy objectives for energy conservation have been defined in the National Programme of Energy Conservation for 2003-2010 (Government Decree No 1078 of 5 September 2003).  It is the main enacted policy document guiding government actions for pursuing increased energy efficiency of the economy.  It sets out quantitative targets for efficiency improvements, priority areas for energy conservation and efficiency interventions, and it indicates activities to carry out in order to achieve stated objectives.  The Programme aims at increasing energy efficiency by minimizing energy intensity by 2% to 3% annually. 

Source
Static Source:
  • Energy, Climate Change and Environment 2016 Insights

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    This publication examines the sectors, technologies and policy measures that will be central in the transition to a low-carbon energy system. It addresses the following questions: (1) What are the roles of coal and gas in meeting the stringent decarbonisation requirements for the power sector consistent with IEA modelling of global climate goals? (2) What are moderate carbon prices accomplishing in the electricity sector, and how can they be helpful as part of a package of other policies?

  • USAID Climate Action Review: 2010-2016

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    This report reviews what USAID and its partners have accomplished over six years. It describes how USAID ‘s climate work has evolved, summarizes its major achievements, and distills lessons learned and shares examples from a portfolio of activities across more than 40 countries and regional USAID missions.

  • Energy Changes Projektentwicklung GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Energy Changes´ (EC) business activities solely focus on GHG mitigation activities applying renewable energies and energy efficiency measures. EC identifies, evaluates and develops renewable energy/ energy efficiency and GHG mitigation projects. EC’s staff includes engineers, scientists, economists and business experts with many years of experience in sustainable energy, resource management and GHG mitigation. EC was founded in 2006 and has currently 15 employees and an annual turnover of approx. 2 million EUR.

  • Vlaamse Instelling Voor Technologisch Onderzoek

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Belgium
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Climate change, food security, resource scarcity, sustainable energy, ageing population… VITO’s research agenda focuses on the major societal challenges we are facing today. The fields of expertise of VITO initiate a societal transition. That is why VITO combines sustainability and transition throughout its research programs, and is committed to maximize the valorization of VITO’s research results.

  • Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Italy
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti (CMCC) mission is to investigate and model our climate system and its interactions with society to provide reliable, rigorous and timely scientific results which will in turn stimulate sustainable growth, protect the environment and develop science driven adaptation and mitigation policies in a changing climate. CMCC provides full analyses of climate impacts on various systems such as agriculture, ecosystems, coasts, water resources, health, economics.

  • Factor Ideas Integral Services, S.L.

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Spain
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Factor is an international organization specialized in providing global, innovative and sustainable solutions in areas such as climate change, carbon markets, energy, green growth and sustainability. Established in March 2004, Factor is already present in 6 countries and 4 continents with 7 offices providing solutions to over 380 clients in 30 countries, having developed more than 1100 projects.

    Factor is globally recognized:

    - For being a referent in climate change related areas and climate resilient development;

  • The Evidence of Benefits for Poor People of Increased Renewable Electricity Capacity: Literature Review

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    This report provides the results of a review of the evidence that investments in electricity-generating capacity have benefits for poor people, and what factors influence that relationship. The review begins by elucidating a theory to break down the causal chain between additional renewable electricity generation capacity and poverty impacts in four stages or links, which can be formulated as four research questions: (1) What is the link between increased renewable electricity capacity and higher availability and reliability of supply?

  • INDC of Republic of Moldova

    Type: 
    National Plan
    Type of National plan:
    Country:
    Moldova

    The Republic of Moldova intends to achieve an economy-wide unconditional target of reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 64-67 per cent below its 1990 level in 2030 and to make best efforts to reduce its emissions by 67 per cent. The reduction commitment expressed above could be increased up to 78 per cent below 1990 level conditional to, a global agreement addressing important topics including low-cost financial resources, technology transfer, and technical cooperation, accessible to all at a scale commensurate to the challenge of global climate change.

  • Capacity Building hub for Sustainable Energy

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    The capacity building hub collaborates with global stakeholders and institutions across the energy value chain, and leverages their mutual strengths to foster attainment of the ambitious goals. The hub undertakes a demand-driven approach to catalyze change. It is a special-purpose vehicle that facilitates - awareness generation/sensitization, knowledge assimilation and dissemination, design and delivery of programmes of change, and identification of research gaps.

  • Lighting a Billion Lives

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    Lighting a Billion Lives is a global initiative to facilitate clean energy access and the delivery of last mile energy services for basic and productive use. The initiative enables energy poor communities to transition from traditional and inefficient energy sources to modern, more efficient and sustainable energy solutions. The initiative accelerates market development for clean energy technologies through knowledge sharing, capacity building and market seeding.