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Morocco

Official Name:
Kingdom of Morocco

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Mustapha Bendehbi
Position:
Head of Climate Change Unit
Emails:
m_bendehbi@yahoo.fr

Energy profile

Morocco (2014)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

As a result of the government's ‘Programme d'électrification Rurale Globale’– (PERG, Global Rural Electrification Programme), launched in 1995, the rural electrification level rose from 18% in 1995 to 96% in 2008.In 2006, the transmission grid was owned by the state utility ONE and consisted of 18,920 km of 400 kV, 225 kV, 150 kV and 60 kV lines. It covers the entire country and is connected to the Algerian and Spanish power grids via regional links.

Renewable energy potential

In terms of its current installed base, the kingdom is already a regional leader, with 32% of its installed capacity derived from renewables, mostly hydropower.WindMorocco has also a high potential for wind power, both onshore and offshore wind are high in terms of intensity and constancy. Wind is highly abundant in nearly all the coastal regions. Wind potential could be of 25,000 MW.  According to Moroccan Ministry of Energy the total wind power installed capacity of the country is expected to be more than 2,000 MW in 2020SolarMoroccan solar resources are significant. With an extremely favourable irradiation(>2300 kWh/m²/y), which is 30% higher than the best sites in Europe, investing in solar projects in Morocco is an interesting lever for investors.The US$9bn Solar Plan calls for the development of 2,000 MW by 2020, with  10,000 hectares of solar installations to be spread over five sites (Ouarzazate, Ain Beni Mathar, Foum El Oued, Boujdour, Sebkhat Tah). These projects are to be based on two major technological variants: Concentrated Solar Power and Photovoltaic technologies.In 2009, MASEN launched the development of the 500 MW Ouarzazate plant. Thisambitious project is being developed in two phases based on two technological variants. The first phase of the Ouarzazate project entails the construction of a CSP solar thermal plant with a 160 MW capacity, which should result in a reduction of 240,000 tons of CO2 equivalent emissions per year. This first phase will use parabolic trough mirror technology, while the next phase implements the CSP tower technology. Work on the first phase of the Ouarzazate facility is scheduled to finish in 2016.On 24 September 2012, Morocco awarded to the consortium led by the Saudi company ACWA Power International the US$1bn contract to build the Ouarzazate 160 MW solar power plant. The Saudi-led consortium includes Spanish firms Aries and TSK.On 23 January 2013, Masen launched request for qualification process to selectpotential sponsors to develop the next CSP phase of the Ouarzazate solar powercomplex through IPP project. The CSP next program is divided into two separate projects: a CSP tower project with a contemplated capacity of around 100 MW and a CSP parabolic trough project with a contemplated capacity of around 200 MW.BiomassThe predominant use of biomass in Morocco is traditional fuels for cooking and heating. Forested areas are estimated at 9 million hectares, although annual consumption is estimated to be 30,000 hectares. An additional 400 MW of co-generation potential is available in the country. Total solid bioenergy potential is estimated at 12,568 GWh/year, with a further 13,055 GWh/year from biogas and biofuels.GeothermalSignificant geothermal potential exists in the north-east, in the form of hot springs, with potential for further utilisation for space heating. There is no current utilisation of the resource in the country.HydropowerIn 2008, 1,360 GWh were produced from hydro power. ONE operates 26 hydro power stations with a total installed capacity of 1,360 MW. In addition, hydro power comes partly from a 464 MW pumped storage power plant in Afourer, near Beni Mellal. In Oued Oum Er Rbia, a micro hydro power station shall be developed in the future.

Energy framework

To reach its renewable energy goals, Morocco has started to introduce a modern legal and regulatory framework for the energy sector. In early 2010, relevant legislation and regulations were defined. Among these, the following laws should be noted:The Renewable Energy Law (13.09 of February 11, 2010) aims at fostering and promoting renewable energy and regulates the commercialization and exportation of renewable energy. Furthermore, it outlines a procedure for the authorization of renewable energy installations.The law for the creation of the National Agency for the Promotion of Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation (ADEREE) (16.09 of January 13, 2010) defined the reorganization and renaming of the existing Centre for the Development of Renewable Energy (CDER).The law for the creation of the Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy (MASEN) (57.09 of January 14, 2010), which is the prime contractor for solar power projects..To meet growing electricity demand, Morocco plans to invest more than $20 billion in the next 10 years to increase the installed capacity by about 6,750 MW (installed capacity was 6,100 MW at the end of 2009).5 The program envisions a radical increase in renewables, so that by 2020, wind, solar and hydro would each account for 14% of power supply, with the remaining sources oil (14%), gas (11%), nuclear (7%), and coal (26%). The $10 billion solar program is based on construction of a 500 MW CSP plant by 2015 and another 2,000 MW of CSP during 2015-2020.This ambitious plan is in line with the new energy strategy that was declared in March 2009 and aims at: (i) diversifying the energy mix around reliable and competitive energy technologies, in order to reduce the share of oil to 40% by 2030; (ii) developing the national renewable energy potential, with the objectives of increasing the contribution of renewable to 10-15% of primary energy demand by 2012; (iii) making energy efficiency improvements a national priority; (iv) developing indigenous energy resources by intensifying hydrocarbon exploration activities and developing conventional and non-conventional oil sources; and (v) integrating into the regional energy market, through enhanced cooperation and trade with both other Maghreb countries and the EU countries.The Moroccan Integrated Solar Energy Project & the Wind Energy ProgrammeThe Moroccan government launched two major RE projects in 2009 and 2010: the Moroccan Integrated Solar Energy Project and the Integrated Wind Project.The Moroccan Integrated Solar Project aims at achieving an installed capacity of 2,000 MW by 2019 on five sites, and annual production of 4,500 GWh (18% of current national production).  The investment costs for the project amounts to US$9 billion, however the project would lead to savings of 1 million Toe and 3.7 million tonnes of CO2 emissions per year.  The first solar plant, the Ouarzazate CSP plant, is planned to be in service in 2015.  In 2013, MASEN announced the group selected to implement the first phase with an initial capacity of 500 MW.  Photovoltaic modules and CSP towers are to be used in later stages.  The complex will be among the largest CSP plants in the world.  The group is led by the Saudi International Company for Water and Power (Acwa), with 95% ownership.  The value of the contract is $1 billion.  Financing will be found through loans from the World Bank, the African Development Bank, The European Investment bank, the EU, The German KfW bank, and other.  In January 2013, bids were invited for the second phase, consisting of two CSP plants with total capacity of 300 MW.The Wind Energy Programme aims at installing a capacity of 2,000 MW with annual production of 6,600 GWH (26% of current national production) by 2020.  Five sites have been identified.  The first wind farm will be operational in 2014.  Investment costs are estimated at US$3.5 billion.  This project is expected to produce annual savings of 1.5 Toe and 5.6 million tonnes of CO2.  Already, 100 MW is completed (286 MW) or being developed (714 MW).The EnergiPro ProjectEnergiPro was launched by ONE and pursuant to which large industrial consumers are offered an incentive in the form of favourable tariffs to invest in renewables.EnergiPro was launched in 2006 to promote independent production of electricity from renewable sources, and offers two key benefits:transmission of electricity produced from renewable energy throughout the grid network at fixed rateguaranteed repurchase by the ONE of any surplus electricity produced with a twenty per cent bonus on top of ONE peak, and off-peak day ahead tariffsSeveral major firms have entered into “Energie Pro” agreements. Whilst, EnergiePro is not limited to wind energy, the program is primarily directed at this source. 

Source
Static Source:
  • Eco Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Eco is a boutique management consultancy specialized in the design and formulation of climate change mitigation and adaptation projects. Operating since 2000, Eco has worked with a wide range of international clients such as the AfDB, IFC, World Bank, UNDP, UNIDO, EBRD, GIZ and the European Union.

    Eco has designed over 250 projects in 82 countries across Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia. We have assessed markets and designed financial, technology and other strategies and then formulated projects.

  • Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated (OECI) is a private sector organization established in 2011 with the mission to provide quality technical and policy advice on sustainable development. Okapi's work includes project design, management and evaluation, strategic planning, capacity development, resource mobilization, scientific and technical advisory services, technology transfer. Okapi's experience extends in climate-affected sectors such as agriculture, sustainable land and water management, coastal zone management, infrastructure and others.

  • Institute of Natural Resources NPC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    South Africa
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The INR is a non-profit organization that works towards the wise use of natural resources in pursuit of sustainability for the good of the environment and the society, through multidisciplinary applied research. The INR provides strategic and operational support to develop cutting edge solutions that support the resolution of natural resource challenges, in partnership with government, civil society, the private sector and other leading research organizations.

  • Sustainable Capital Advisors

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    SCA provides strategy consulting and financial advisory services to public and private sector organizations seeking to implement sustainable infrastructure projects. Our client engagements involve a diversity of technologies located in countries across the world. Our job is to assist clients "sift through the noise" and develop practical and replicable solutions based on the realities of the financial and energy markets. 

  • International Water Management Institute

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Sri Lanka
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    IWMI’s Mission is to provide evidence-based solutions to sustainably manage water and land resources for food security, people’s livelihoods and the environment. IWMI’s Vision is ‘a water-secure world’. IWMI targets water and land management challenges faced by poor communities in the developing countries, and through this contributes towards the achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing poverty and hunger, and maintaining a sustainable environment. 

  • STENUM GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    STENUM has worked for UNIDO, UNEP and IFC in training their Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Centers and supporting them in the implementation of various activities (education of national experts, consultancy of companies in waster reduction, water minimization, chemicals management and energy efficiency). STENUM has elaborated several manuals and training materials (UNIDO train the trainer toolkit, UNEP PRESME toolkit).

  • Ecofys a Navigant company

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Ecofys, a Navigant company, is an international energy and climate consultancy focused on sustainable energy for everyone. Founded in 1984, the company is a trusted advisor to governments, corporations, NGOs, and energy providers worldwide. The team delivers powerful results in the energy and climate transition sectors. Working across the entire energy value chain, Ecofys develops innovative solutions and strategies to support its clients in enabling the energy transition and working through the challenges of climate change.

  • Ecosoluzioni Snc

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Italy
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Research and consulting on policy & market uptake actions in sustainable energy, clean tech, agriculture, waste mngt. and environment. Since 2000, wide-ranging technical assistance experience in climate change adaptation & mitigation related services, including: tech. assessments, business coaching, feasibility analysis, policy/market analysis, policy planning, M & E, partnership facilitation, finance structuring, agro-energy value chains, natural resources management, technology transfer. 

  • Integra Government Services International LLC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Integra designs, implements, and evaluates international development activities, with a focus on creating opportunities for the poor, expanding access to public infrastructure, promoting social and ecological resilience and strengthening donor programs. Integra has a proven record of innovative approaches yielding lasting results. Integra is a partner of NASA in deploying state-of-the-art Earth Observation technology for REDD+ MRV, while working to build on-the-ground socio-ecological resilience. 

     

  • HEAT - Habitat, Energy Application & Technology

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    HEAT is a independent consulting company focussed on the development and implementation of projects for climate and ozone protection. HEAT has a focus on technology cooperation, policy advice for climate protection technologies, particular in the areas of energy efficiency, cooling and refrigeration, F-gases, inventories, roadmaps, carrying out technical and economic feasibility studies and capacity building measures such as training and certification. HEAT is also the Coordination Office of the NDE Germany.