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Lesotho

Official Name:
Kingdom of Lesotho

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Lefa Thamae
Position:
Director
Phone:
+266 58864957, +266 62864957, +266 22323763
Emails:
lefathamae@gmail.com

Energy profile

Lesotho (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

National electrification rate (2010): 16%.Urban: 44%Rural: 6%As of June 2011, 22% of Lesotho households had access to electricity, primarily concentrated in the urban and growth centres where infrastructure services are relatively well developed in terms of transmission and distribution. Less than 6% of the area serviced by grid is defined as rural. 

Renewable energy potential

Lesotho has identified hydropower, wind generation and solar power as potential renewable energy sources.It is estimated that the hydro generation potential for Lesotho is approximately 450 MW. Wind power potential of a few hundred MW has been identified, and there are currently three sites being investigated. Solar power has been implemented in several schemes such as the World Bank project and the UNDP/GEF project. 

Energy framework

Provision of modern energy services is in line with the strategic intervention pillars of the Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (PRGS) and Country Strategy Paper (CSP) for Lesotho (2008–12), which are, in turn, derived from the Lesotho’s Vision 2020.The Vision 2020 energy target is to have at least 35% of the population connected to electricity by 2015 (up from the current 20%), 40% by 2020 and to reduce the rate of wood use in national energy consumption.Lesotho Renewable Energy-Based Rural Electrification Project (LREBRE)Under the UNDP/GEF-supported LREBRE Project, a total of 5000 solar home systems (SHS) will be installed by 2012. Since the start of the project, a total of 1537 SHS with a capacity of 65 W have been installed, and an estimated 500 SHS have also been independently installed as a result of the project’s influence.The project’s main objective is to reduce Lesotho’s energy related CO2 emissions by promoting Renewable Energy Technologies (RETs) – in particular stand-alone solar PV systems for households – as an affordable substitute for fossil fuel-based energy sources in rural areas, which have a low load density and are remote from the national electricity grid. The activities proposed in the project, ranging from awareness-building and training for industry actors to support for the actual instalment of RET systems, were designed to remove critical barriers to the wide-scale utilization of RETs in rural areas and create the enabling environment for the long-term growth and sustainability of a market-based RET in Lesotho. The project is focused on MDG7 “Ensuring environmental sustainability” and supports the broader objectives of MDG1 “poverty reduction” through household income, health, education, gender, and the environment.In its endeavour to support and assist the development of the solar industry in Lesotho, the reactivation and support of the Lesotho Solar Energy Society (LESES) has beeen an important development. The benefits are not restricted to the users, but also extend to those participating in sales and, more particularly installation activities. It is estimated that by late 2010, more than 100 PV installers and/or dealers were registered with LESES, which represents a significant increase from the pre-LREBRE period when only a handful of small companies and individuals were engaged in PV system installations and/or sales. More than 80% of the solar dealers in Lesotho are now members of LESES. One of the most significant impacts has been the project’s indirect influence on the successful introduction of renewable energy policy targets. The project has, in 2008, ensured that renewable energy technologies were featured in the National Rural Electrification Master Plan, and that local PV installers are aware and trained on the use of the Lesotho PV Code of Practice. There has been access to imported solar components. Community participation and the establishment of cooperatives are being encouraged. 

Source
Static Source:
  • Development of a Regional Efficient Appliance and Equipment Strategy in Southern Africa

    Type: 
    Technical Assistance
    Date of submission:
    Phase:
    Completed
    Objective:
    Cross-sectoral enabler:

    This Technology Transfer Advances Southern African Countries' 

  • United Nations University – Institute for Water, Environment and Health

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    UNU-INWEH is a member of the United Nations University family of organizations. It is the United Nations Think Tank on Water created by the UNU Governing Council in 1996. The vision of the institute is a world free of water problems where sustainable human development and environmental health and security are assured for all.

  • ECO Consult Sepp & Busacker Partnerschaft

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    ECO Consult Sepp & Busacker Partnerschaft was founded in the year of the UN Rio Summit in 1992. ECO, offers integrated advisory services for developing countries and countries in transition. ECO is among Germany’s leading international consultants to offer independent technical advise for sustainable development in the environment and social sectors, particularly in the fields of REDD+ and wood energy, along the value-chain from the production to the end-users, including innovative stove and carbonization technologies.

  • Beyond Bonn: World Bank Group Progress on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Fiscal 2005 - 2009

    Type: 
    Publication
    Beyond Bonn: World Bank Group Progress on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Fiscal 2005 - 2009
    Publication date:

    This report is the fifth in a series documenting the World Bank Group’s progress in supporting renewable energy and energy efficiency. It details the successes of, and lessons learned from, the investments made by the World Bank Group over the past five years. The case studies included in the report provide specific examples of financial and technical innovations that the World Bank Group has employed for financing of energy efficiency and renewable energy projects. An overview of World Bank supported projects, grants, and programs by region is also provided.

  • Scenarios & Strategies for Africa

    Type: 
    Publication
    Scenarios & Strategies for Africa
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    This working paper outlines the state of knowledge that will serve as a basis for the Scenarios & Strategies for Africa project. The goal of the project is to prepare in-depth analysis and use models and scenarios to support and feed into national renewables readiness assessments. It will focus on innovation and technology issues for 2035, with an outlook to 2050. The longer-term perspective is needed as emerging issues and constraints should be considered in decisions.

  • Prospects for the African Power Sector

    Type: 
    Publication
    Prospects for the African Power Sector
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    The main goal of the working paper is to provide insights into the opportunities and costs of renewable energy development pathways. The scenarios are not intended to be forecasts of what will happen but rather to allow the complex interaction of markets, costs and other core drivers to be analysed in order to identify key trends, development opportunities and critical technologies or assumptions. The paper provides early insights for the power sector in Africa.

  • Sustainable Energy Regulation Network (SERN) Policy Database

    Type: 
    Publication

    This database provides energy information for countries throughout the world, including Africa; the Baltic States, Central Europe, and Eastern Europe; Latin America and the Caribbean; the Middle East; Russia and FSU; South Asia; South East Asia; and the Pacific Region. For each country, the database provides information on energy sources, reliance, electrification expansion, capacity concerns, renewable energy, energy efficiency, ownership, competition, framework, national energy priorities, the role of government, and regulation.

  • Clean Energy Info Portal: reegle (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    This database provides global information on renewable energy, energy efficiency, and climate change, including country energy profiles, a list of key global stakeholders, policy and regulatory overviews, an energy and climate change glossary, a clean energy Web search, geobrowsing features, and a clean energy blog.

  • Project Outputs Database (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    This web-based database provides detailed project output documents from Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) projects. The database contains output documents from specific types of energy access, energy efficiency, and renewable energy programmes. These documents can be searched based for certain technologies or particular countries. Output documents are in English, Spanish, Chinese, French, and Portuguese. REEEP projects aim to improve access to clean and reliable energy in developing countries.