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Saint Lucia

Official Name:
Saint Lucia
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms. Samanthia Justin
Position:
Chief Technical Officer, Department of Sustainable Development
Phone:
+1 758 468 5832, +1 758 724 7936
Emails:
sajustin@gosl.gov.lc
,
Name:
Ms. Caroline Eugene
Position:
Permanent Secretary, Department of Sustainable Development
Phone:
+1 758 468 5840, +1 758 468 5833, +1 758 724 8937
Emails:
caroline.eugene@gmail.com

Energy profile

Saint Lucia (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Recent years have seen massive expansion of the 11kV distribution network along the west coast and in the north, and preparations are also under way for the erection of a 66kV transmission line. In connection with the electrification of rural inland areas, the distribution network has been expanded and its carrying capacity increased at numerous points. St. Lucia enjoys a very high electrification level (approx. 98%).

Renewable energy potential

Preliminary studies are showing that the island possesses significant potential for the developments of solar, wind, geothermal and biomass energy. Hydropower and waste to energy are also viable options that can be explored. Despite very considerable renewable energy potential, the only renewable resource that is even in marginal use is solar energy for heating water. The actual renewable energy potential of St. Lucia has not yet been fully quantifiedSolar energySt. Lucia receives an almost constant supply of surface solar radiation throughout the year. This, in addition to a fairly high temperature which averages near 28°C, provides an excellent environment for the use of solar energy. As a result, solar energy can be used for both electricity generation and heating. Solar water heating in particular holds much scope for use in both the domestic and hotel sectors. Solar PV potential is estimated at 36 MW of installed capacity, but bulk power development would not be economic based on current estimates.Wind energySt. Lucia lies in the path of north-easterly trade wind belts. These reliable winds create a good wind regime for wind energy exploitation. The best wind sites can be found on the east coast and on the northern and southern tips of the island.Geothermal energyGeothermal energy is a viable alternative for electricity generation due to the island’s volcanic nature. Most of the volcanic activity on the island is concentrated in the south-west part in the town of Soufriere. The fumaroles at the Sulphur Springs are a manifestation of the location of geothermal potential. Geothermal energy could provide a significant and reliable energy source for the country, but it must be developed in a way that is compatible with surrounding land uses such as Piton Management Area World Heritage Site.HydropowerAlthough most of St Lucia’s rivers are quite small, there is some potential for mini hydro power applications, such as can be used in the agricultural industry. Preliminary research has also suggested that the Roseau dam could be used to produce electricity.Biomass energyCharcoal has been used in St. Lucia for fuel but the practice is now declining. Sustainable management of trees for charcoal would have to be undertaken to support any continued use of charcoal. However plant and animal material can be used for energy. For example the waste from pigs can be used in biogas digesters.Waste to energyWaste from the Deglos Sanitary landfill could be converted to an energy source. The capture of landfill gas, if undertaken, would not only produce a fuel source, but would also directly reduce the amount of methane gas escaping from the landfill into the atmosphere contributing to climate change.

Energy framework

In June 2010, the Cabinet of Saint Lucia approved the official National Energy Policy (NEP). The formulation of the NEP started in 2004 through the technical and financial support of the CREDP-GTZ and the OAS EU financed project CSEP in the latter stages.The NEP represents a collaboration of many stakeholders in Saint Lucia led by the Ministry of Physical Development and the Environment with input from LUCELEC and the public at large.Among other things, the policy provides for private participation in generation, encourages the establishment of small scale renewable energy systems and proposes the establishment of an Independent Regulatory Commission for the electricity sector. In addition, Saint Lucia's 1994 Electricity Supply Act is being updated.

Source
Static Source:
  • Sustainable Energy Regulation Network (SERN) Policy Database

    Type: 
    Publication

    This database provides energy information for countries throughout the world, including Africa; the Baltic States, Central Europe, and Eastern Europe; Latin America and the Caribbean; the Middle East; Russia and FSU; South Asia; South East Asia; and the Pacific Region. For each country, the database provides information on energy sources, reliance, electrification expansion, capacity concerns, renewable energy, energy efficiency, ownership, competition, framework, national energy priorities, the role of government, and regulation.

  • Clean Energy Info Portal: reegle (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    This database provides global information on renewable energy, energy efficiency, and climate change, including country energy profiles, a list of key global stakeholders, policy and regulatory overviews, an energy and climate change glossary, a clean energy Web search, geobrowsing features, and a clean energy blog.

  • Project Outputs Database (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    This web-based database provides detailed project output documents from Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership (REEEP) projects. The database contains output documents from specific types of energy access, energy efficiency, and renewable energy programmes. These documents can be searched based for certain technologies or particular countries. Output documents are in English, Spanish, Chinese, French, and Portuguese. REEEP projects aim to improve access to clean and reliable energy in developing countries.

  • Policy and Regulatory Overviews (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    reegle's policy and regulatory overviews provide country highlights for a variety of policies and regulations relating to energy, energy efficiency, fuels, standards and labeling, incentives such as feed-in tariffs for renewables, national targets, and other national strategies for low-carbon development.

  • Country Energy Profiles (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    This reegle website provides comprehensive energy profiles for all countries with information from reliable sources such as UN or the World Bank. Profile information includes national policies on energy-related issues, visualized statistics, renewable energy potentials maps, national projects programmes, and key stakeholders.

  • Sustainable Energy Partnership for the Americas (SEPA) Program (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    The primary mission of the Sustainable Energy Partnership for the Americas (SEPA) program is to support the development and use of sustainable energy technologies and services within the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS) member states. This website lists current projects commissioned by SEPA and provides documents produced through the projects. The website also lists upcoming events and news related to SEPA and explains SEPA's mission, goals, and current activities.

  • Background Data Collection on Bio-Energy in the Caribbean and Central America

    Type: 
    Publication
    Background Data Collection on Bio-Energy in the Caribbean and Central America
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    This report identifies opportunities for bio-energy development in Caribbean and Central American nations, including the technical potential for biofuels (ethanol and biodiesel) and biopower generation. A country overview, energy overview, bio-energy production technical potential, and supporting data are provided for each country. Information can be used to launch more in-depth market assessments.

  • Energy Policy and Sector Analysis in the Caribbean: 2010-2011

    Type: 
    Publication
    Energy Policy and Sector Analysis in the Caribbean: 2010-2011
    Publication date:

    This report provides an overview of the energy sector, energy policy, and renewable energy and energy efficiency opportunities in Antigua and Barbuda, the Bahamas, Dominica, Grenada, St. Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. The report finds that these islands all have great potential for renewable energy and energy efficiency growth. Geothermal, wind, and solar power are abundant on nearly of the islands studied.

  • IRENA Portal for Studies on Renewable Energy Potential

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Sectors:

    This portal provides access to over 10,000 existing references of studies on renewable resources and potentials available worldwide. The information on this portal is presented using interactive flash maps with color codes that indicate the number of references available by country. Renewable energy resources considered include biomass, geothermal energy, hydropower, marine, solar and wind energy.