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Saint Kitts and Nevis

Official Name:
Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Name:
June Hughes
Phone:
+1 869 466 8535
Emails:
ccodoe@sisterisles.kn
,
Name:
Cheryl Jeffers
Position:
Conservation Officer
Phone:
+1 869 466 8535
Emails:
jeffers31@gmail.com

Energy profile

Saint Kitts and Nevis (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

The island’s power systems are currently operated independently and are not interconnected. The St. Kitts Electricity Department (SKED) is based in Basseterre and the Nevis Electricity Company Limited (NEVLEC) is based in Charlestown. The electrification rate is around 95%.

Renewable energy potential

Bioenergy on St. KittsThe bio-energy project in St. Kitts will use the former sugar-cane lands on the Atlantic side of St. Kitts. A fast-growing bamboo-grass which can be harvested year round will be used as feedstock. It is estimated that 4,000 acres will produce about 120,000 tons of dry biomass per year. The majority of the feedstock will be used for the production of bio-oil for export or local use.  The bioenergy project will have an installed capacity of 5 MW.As soon as the project proposal is accepted by the federal Government, the sugarcane growing wild will be harvested, pelletized and shipped to Europe. Subsequently the bamboo-grass will be planted and the first harvest may occur after 18 months.Wind energy on St. Kitts and NevisIn this project 0.9-1.2 MW wind turbines will be installed next to the Robert Llewellyn Bradshaw International Airport. The project consists of three phases. Phase one involves one wind turbine to be installed at the end of 2008. In phase two the installed capacity is increased to 10 MW in 2009/2010. In phase three the installed capacity is doubled to 20 MW. Initialization and timing of phase three will depend on future electricity supply and demand in St. Kitts, and the possibility of an interconnection with other Caribbean nations.The project proposal for a wind turbine park along the Nevis coast is at the NIA for approval. In late summer of 2010, the 1.1 MW wind farm, coordinated by OAS, was finally opened and operational in St. Nevis. The project may be extended to 10 MW in a second phase.Geothermal energy on NevisIn July 2008, the parliament of the Nevis Island Administration (NIA) accepted the geothermal bill delineating a regulatory framework for the implementation of geothermal energy on Nevis. The installed capacity of the projected geothermal plant will depend on the interconnection and the geothermal potential but it can be as high as 34 MW as inferred from presently available estimations to service both islands in their electricity demand. In case of an interconnection with another island in the Caribbean region being economically and technically feasible, the production capacity may be further increased. The geothermal plant was expected to be in operation by the end of 2009 but it has not been built yet (January, 2012).Solar on St. Kitts and NevisWith almost constant sunshine, the islands are well-placed to exploit solar energy. Government officials, including the Nevisean Minister for Natural Resources and Public Utilities, have called for increased uptake of solar water heating in households and public buildings in an effort to improve efficiency. Solar PV potential is estimated at 16 MW of installed capacity, but bulk power development would not be economic based on current estimates.

Energy framework

In response to the complete dependency on imported fuels for energy generation and the high costs and poor reliability that result, the Government of St. Kitts and Nevis has expressed its commitment to identifying and securing access to alternatives to fossil fuel-based energy.A first step in this process involves the Government’s collaboration with the Global Sustainable Energy Islands Initiative (GSEII), which includes support from the Organization of American States (OAS), the Climate Institute, and the Energy and Security Group, for the preparation of a Sustainable Energy Plan (SEP). This SEP will outline courses of action for a transition to sustainable energy supplies including the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency services.

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