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Kyrgyzstan

Official Name:
Kyrgyz Republic
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Kanat Abdrahmanov
Position:
Director
Phone:
+996 551 699000, +996 312 975774
Emails:
info@cfc.kg, kanat.adbrahmanov@gmail.com, adbrahmanov@cfc.kg
,

Energy profile

Kyrgyzstan (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Official household survey data indicate that, while nearly all households are nominal connected to the national electricity grid of the country, a sharp increase in the frequency of planned and unplanned service interruptions during 2008-2009 effectively broke the link between grid connections and reliable electricity supplied. Gas, central heating, and hot water supplies are typically unavailable to rural and many urban households.

Renewable energy potential

The total RES potential of Kyrgyzstan is around 590 Mio TOE/year, but with the exception of small-scale hydropower, it remains largely unused. Kyrgyzstan has good potential for the application of decentralized renewable energy technologies, primarily small hydropower stations on mountain rivers, solar and wind energy, and biogas plants. In comparison to big hydro and hydro-carbons, decentralized renewable projects are relatively inexpensive (in terms of up-front capital costs), and can attract at least some of the financing needed for their construction and maintenance from donors and the communities in which they are located. Despite this, according to one source, less than 1% of this potential is being utilized.HydroAccording to various estimates, Kyrgyzstan is not using more than 10% of its total hydropower capacity, which is assessed at 140 billion kWh by the “National Power Grid” company. The combination of abundant water resources and reliance on hydro power poses a dilemma for policy makers in Kyrgyzstan. The construction of new hydro power plants—both along the Naryn cascade and on smaller rivers—is an obvious way to increase capacity for winter power generation, as well as boost exports and promote economic development. The Ministry of Energy has conducted feasibility studies for constructing some 47 hydropower plants across the country.WindThe reported annual average wind speed ranges from 0.5 m/s to 3.6 m/s. The total wind potential is estimated at 1,500 MW. There has been minimal wind development activity in Kyrgyzstan.BiomassMore than 50% of agricultural lands are occupied by pastures that determined the main branch of agriculture – livestock breeding. The livestock waste, which could be used after processing in biogas plants, constitutes approximately 2,500 thousand tons per year. It is estimated that biogas plants could produce some 5 million tons of fertilizer and some 200 million cubic meters of gas in Kyrgyzstan annually. Currently, biogas facilities produce around 2 million cubic meters of biogas annually, which is used in the residential and commercial sector.SolarKyrgyzstan is rich in solar potential. The average annual output of solar energy is about 1,500 - 2,500 kWh per square meter; also, approximately 2,600 sunshine hours are recorded annually.GeothermalThe geothermal resources of Kyrgyz Republic include many thermal springs and high heat generating granites. It is believed that low to medium heat geothermal resources could be used for district heating. 

Energy framework

Kyrgyzstan’s National Energy Programme officially recognizes the importance of decentralized renewables; and a programme to develop small and medium-size power plants has been adopted. The law “On Renewable Energy” (of 31 December 2008) provides the over-arching legal framework, which regulates the development and use of decentralized renewable energy technologies. It calls for mechanisms to stimulate the development of these technologies, and to support producers and consumers of decentralized renewables. In particular, the government is to support tariff-setting so as to guarantee an eight-year payback period for decentralized renewable projects. However, while this law created the legal framework for decentralized renewables, the practical framework for its implementation has yet to be fully introduced.In May 2003, the Kyrgyz Republic ratified the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (Clean Development Mechanism) in May 2003.The National Energy Program of Kyrgyzstan (though 2010) and the Strategy for the Fuel and Energy Complex Development (though 2025) call for the rapid expansion of renewables by building around 100 small hydroelectric plants with a total capacity of approximately 180 MW.Legislation on RE and specifically small hydropower stations has been fairly successful in Kyrgyzstan. To promote public awareness of renewable energy, booklets describing the benefits of small hydropower stations as well as how to install a small hydropower plant were distributed to rural communities. Also, a revolving credit facility was established in Karakol by the “Issyk-Kul Activist” NGO in order to help farmers finance small hydropower plants for their operations or residences. As a result of this legislation, two pilot projects (5 kW each) have been launched by local companies.The government’s programme to develop small and medium-size power plants calls for the construction and reconstruction of 43 small and medium-sized facilities (primarily small hydropower plants, in mostly the 2-3 MW installed capacity range) with total installed capacity of 277 MW. It also calls for the construction of a wind power plant near Balykchi with a rated capacity of 22 MW. 

Source
Static Source:
  • Gender and Waste Management

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:
    Approach:

    Why gender perspectives need to be incorporated into waste management:

    1. Waste is not necessarily a gender neutral concept

    2. Women may have different needs and preferences on waste management service

    3. Women’s gender responsibility for community cleanliness is often uncompensated, and when these voluntary activities become paid, women are often left out

    4. Formalising waste activities can also force women out

    5. Gender aspects are left out in the selection of the technology 

    6. Women are exposed to specific health risks in various ways

  • The Women and Gender Constituency

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Relation to CTCN:
    Knowledge Partner

    The Women and Gender Constituency (WGC) is one of the nine stakeholder groups of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Established in 2009, the WGC now consists of 27 women’s and environmental civil society organizations, who are working to ensure that women’s voices are heard and their rights prioritized in the fight against climate change.

  • GWCC INTERIVAL ZT GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    GWCC INTERIVAL ZT GmbH (GWCC) is a consulting company based in Vienna (part of the Austrian Consulting Group ROHRHOFER & Partner). GWCC has a long experience (since 1984) in the fields of Infrastructure Development, Management, Institutional Strengthening in the field of Water, Waste Water and Waste Management in Austria, CEE,CIS, FUS countries. Climate related projects are mainly conducted in various regions of Austria,e.g.flood risk mapping & planning of flood mitigation measures.  

  • Tambourine Innovation Ventures Inc.

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Incorporated in 2015, Tambourine Innovation Ventures (TIV) is an innovation advisory and venture development firm that provides a full suite of services and solutions to the challenges and needs generated by the increasing interest and activity globally in the areas of climate change adaptation/mitigation, innovation, technology transfer and venture finance. TIV founders and consultants bring more than three decades of experience in assisting the developing countries access innovative technologies from the industrialized countries and grow technology ventures.

  • Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Switzerland
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte is an establishment of reflection, research and practice of industrial ecology. The Institute has an engineering division and an expertise cluster, which enables the Institute to identify new technologies linked to industrial ecology and to advise through a specific methodology adapted to local contexts. The project managers work on the practical execution of mandates and on the implementation of the industrial ecology with a particular attention to Switzerland and developing countries.

  • Perspectives Climate Group GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Perspectives Climate Group develops policy instruments for GHG mitigation for NAMAs and NDCs as well as support services for GHG mitigation projects under market mechanisms, with activities in over 40 countries in Europe, Africa and Asia. Perspectives supports design of mitigation documentation for efficiency in power plants, industrial boilers, and buildings, as well as municipal waste management, waste-water, renewable energy and demand-side energy efficiency. Perspectives is specialized in methodologies for baselines under market mechanisms and supporting access to climate finance.

  • DG Consulting Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Georgia
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    DG Consulting limited is  a professional consulting company, focusing on consultancy services  in development and  construction in  water and environment sector in Georgia and Worldwide.The Company has very specific experience working with mineral and fresh water, beverages and soft drink producer companies for water related issues, inclusive of   water treatment, initial water preparation, removal of specific components, QA/QC etc.In water sector, company is providing full cycle of consultancy services to private clients, development banks, international financial institutions etc.

  • Dabar Ingenieros SL

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Spain
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Dabar Ingenieros SL has a long history of participating in consulting and development of bioenergy, renewable energy and organic wastes international projects. Since the early 2000's Dabar participates in the development, design, engineering and operation of bioenergy and renewable energy facilities such as: agro-industrial biogas plants, MSW treatment platns, photovoltaic plants etc.