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Jamaica

Official Name:
Jamaica
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms. Una May Gordon
Position:
Principal Director, Climate Change Division
Phone:
+1 876 633 7354
Emails:
unamay.gordon@megjc.gov.jm

Energy profile

Jamaica (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

National electrification rate (2006): 90%.The Rural Electrificacion Program (REP) aims to extend electricity to rural Jamaica as part of the Government of Jamaica’s commitment to provide the entire island with access to electricity.

Renewable energy potential

Jamaica has abundant potential for the development of its renewable energy resources, including wind, biomass, mini-hydro, photovoltaic and solar energy.  In addition, the potential for the conversion of waste to energy, ocean thermal technologies and bio-fuels is being explored. Strategic analyses of renewable energy potentials on the island have identified a pipeline of projects for the electricity and transport sectors, which have the potential to reduce petroleum imports by over 10% by the year 2010.HydropowerThe JPS owns eight hydro-generating units in various parts of the island with a total generating capacity of 23.8 MW and an additional installed potential of 100 MW. JPSCo at present uses the 24 MW of small hydropower as part of its base load capacity. Most of the plants, however, are fairly old and are at present undergoing rehabilitation; the oldest having been commissioned in 1945.Solar energyJamaica has a high solar radiation of approximately 5kWh/m2 per day, or 1,800kWh/m2 per annum, and has market potential for photovoltaic and other solar applications such as solar water heating, electricity generation and solar crop drying.Wind energyIn 2004, a 20.7-MW wind farm consisting of twenty-three 900-KW wind turbines was erected in Wigton, Manchester. In 2011 Jamaica the government announced the official commissioning of Wigton Two – an 18 MW, US$48 million expansion to its existing Wigton Windfarm.The expansion brings the total installed wind power capacity at Wigton to 38 MW.Biomass energyThe dependence on world oil prices has prompted the government to plan for alternative thermal sources such as biomass cogeneration technologies using agricultural waste from sugar production. Many of the sugar factories use most of the bagasse they generate in the juice extraction process, but where there are surpluses, the sugar industry has planned future alternative uses for it, in an effort to reduce the volume of waste products that have to be disposed of. Over the past several years, the MME has reported in its Annual Report that the use of bagasse in Jamaica is consistently in the region of 1.2 million barrels fuel oil equivalent (bfoe).BiofuelsThe government, with the assistance of the Brazilians, has already embarked on a massive drive to develop an ethanol industry from sugar cane. The state-owned refinery, Petrojam, has partnered with Brazil's Coimex Group to rehabilitate a 40-million gallon ethanol plant that has already generated revenues of US$120 million from exports to the United States since 2005.  The Brazilian company Coimex will own 51% of the dehydration facility located in Kingston, while the Jamaican Government will own the remaining 49%. Initially, Jamaica will import sugar cane from Brazil until domestic production is viable.

Energy framework

The Jamaica’s Energy Policy Framework 2009-2030 objective is to ensure that by 2030 Jamaica achieves a modern, efficient, diversified and environmentally sustainable energy sector providing affordable and accessible energy supplies with long-term energy security and supported by informed public behaviour on energy issues and an appropriate policy, regulatory and institutional frameworkThe policy document represents the revision to the Energy Policy Green Paper 2006-2020 based on national consultations and comments received by a wide cross-section of society as well as current realities facing Jamaica; and in keeping with the country’s long term plan to achieve developed country status by 2030 as articulated in Vision 2030 Jamaica – National Development Plan.The policy presents seven goals:1. Security of Energy Supply through diversification of fuels as well as development of renewables2. Modernizing the country’s energy infrastructure3. Development of renewable energy sources such as solar and hydro4. Energy conservation and efficiency5. Development of a comprehensive governance/regulatory framework6. Enabling government ministries, departments  and agencies to be model/leader for the rest of society in terms of energy management7. Eco-efficiency in industriesEnergy Security and Efficiency Enhancement Project: The Jamaican Energy Security and Efficiency Enhancement Project  is designed to provide a comprehensive support to the implementation of the Government of Jamaica’s (GoJ’s) energy policy and strategy covering the 2010-2030 period.- Environmental Management Framework (EMF): The purpose of the EMF is to manage the potential adverse impacts by establishing a guide consisting of a set of methodologies, procedures and measures to facilitate adequate environmental management, including risk management and environmental impacts, directed to the group of works to be financed with the Project and whose specific location is unknown and may change over Project implementation.- Involuntary Resettlement Policy Framework (IRPF): The purpose of the IRPF is to define resettlement principles, institutional arrangements, and criteria procedures to be applied to sub-projects to be prepared during Project implementation. The IRPF aims to mitigate and minimize the impact on third parties who are affected by resettlement and the loss of  land and  private assets due to investments funded by the Project and whose specific location is unknown and may change over the Project’s implementation.  Energy Green Policy (The origins of the Energy Policy Framework 2009-2030)- Energy policy green paper (October 21, 2009)- Energy policy green paper (June 24, 2009)- Energy policy green paper  (March 2006) Energy Policy Addendum- National Renewable Energy Policy - 2010-2030 (draft) designed to achieve a well-developed, vibrant and diversified renewable energy sector that contributes to Jamaica’s energy security and a sustainable future.- National Energy-from-Waste Policy - 2010 – 2030 designed to ensure that Jamaica is the regional leader in providing affordable and clean energy from waste contributing to a sustainable future.- Energy Conservation and Efficiency Policy will facilitate the engagement of all sectors of the economy and all persons in the society in a coordinated and aggressive drive towards significantly reducing national energy consumption.- Biofuels Policy is designed to achieve a modern, efficient, diversified and environmentally sustainable biofuels sector that contributes to Jamaica’s long-term energy security and socio-economic development.- Trading of Carbon Credits Policy designed to achieve a competitive, diversified, efficient and investment-conducive carbon credits trading sector that fosters socio-economic development and induces a less carbon-intensive economy.Jamaica’s renewable energy share currently stands at 7% of the energy mix.

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