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Israel

Official Name:
State of Israel
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms. Ayelet Rosen
Position:
Head of Division of Multilateral Environmental Agreements
Phone:
+97 25 0623 3299
Emails:
ayeletr@sviva.gov.il

Energy profile

Israel (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Israel has an inter-connection and cross-border trading of electricity with its neighbors. The country also enjoys a near-100% access rate to electricity.The main transmission voltage is 161 kV, while the first stage of a 400 kV transmission voltage grid has been operational since 1990 and is planned to be superimposed on the 161 kV network as the main transmission grid. The Israeli system has expanded over the last ten years at the rate of 8.8% per annum - resulting in the extensive projects and equipment purchases - exceeding those of much larger systems.

Renewable energy potential

Except for solar energy, which is expected to contribute approximately 5% and a few hundred additional MWs of wind power, the contribution to Israel's overall energy balance from renewable energy sources is currently limited.  A new form of technology is under development but not yet proven- the Aeroelectric Tower. This technology cools dry and hot air, generating a downward flow of wind which drives turbines located at the bottom of the chimney to generate electricity. The energy source is therefore solar and natural-global air circulation. This technology could provide a way to exploit solar energy without using a collector.Solar energy The country has solar heating capacity of 391 kWh and the existing solar hot water installed capacity is amounted to 2.8 GWth in 2009. While Israel has over 1.3 million solar water heaters producing the equivalent of over 4% of Israel’s electricity consumption as a result of mandatory solar water heating regulations, it has only 886 kW of photovoltaic installations.Producing electricity in large solar power stations requires vast tracts of land, and may necessitate an extensive upgrade of the power grid, and is therefore not considered appropriate. Distributed production using photovoltaic panels on rooftops does not have these drawbacks. Assessment of available rooftop area in Israel, using a complete set of GIS data covering the country, shows that a yearly electricity production, equivalent to 32% of the national consumption, could be achieved in the long run. Furthermore, the study found that PV installations on large (>800m2) rooftops and with lower panel efficiencies (10%) could achieve 7% of today’s national electricity production.Wind energyIsrael’s wind potential is rather low, with maximum capacity around 600 MW (or about 1.75 billion kWh), and faces the additional difficulties of location and grid interconnection.Biomass energyBiomass potential is about 8.6 Mtoe, primarily from municipal waste.Geothermal energyIsrael primarily uses geothermal energy for aquaculture. Geothermal potential is moderate, with an average temperature at 5,000m of 100ºC.BiofuelsIsraeli investment in biofuels is increasing, with companies looking into marine seaweed resources for fuel production.

Energy framework

Some energy policy objectives of the Ministry of National Infrastructures (MNI) are:The energy policy shall guarantee at all times the supply of demand for energy in the economy.The energy policy shall strive to achieve the maximum possible level of competition, while limiting government involvement.The energy policy shall strive to achieve more efficient use of energy in production of energy, transport, domestic consumption, industry and public commercial.Government Resolution No. 4450 (SE/176) of January 29, 2009 set a target for generation of 10% of Israel’s electricity needs from renewable energy sources by 2020.Similarly, Resolution No. 3261 (SE/69), dated January 29, 2009, decided on a series of energy efficiency measures to reduce electricity consumption by 20% of the electricity consumption forecast for 2020.The main steps in the Electricity Consumption Resolution include:Saving energy in every home in Israel through energy efficient equipment.Government buildings will be built according to green construction standards.Setting an energy efficiency standard for a wide range of electrical appliances.PR campaign for intelligent use of electricity.Establishing a fund to provide loans for energy efficiency projects, by means of energy service companies that will provide energy conservation advice and services.To follow up the above plan, the MNI developed a National Energy Efficiency Program – Reducing Electricity Consumption 2010-2020 to create an intensive process of increased efficiency. The program includes financial incentives, tax benefits, regulation, workshops, advertising, publicity etc. and aims to avoid the construction of power plants with an overall capacity of 3,400 Megawatts, or approximately USD 4.25 billion by 2020.Israel is aggressively promoting electric battery vehicles and aims to become independent of oil by 2020. It has invested in recharging grid and battery-swap stations and will reduce the 90% purchase tax on conventional vehicles down to 10% for EVs purchased by early adopters including fleet owners. The Ministry of Energy and Water Resources is moving to enact charging regulations for electric vehicles. The Ministry of National Infrastructures has published ‘Charging of Electric Vehicles – Policy Principles’.MNI states that the introduction of nuclear energy in Israel will resolve three important issues: diversification of energy sources, ensuring long term and reliable energy supply and reducing global warming. The introduction of natural gas as a main fuel source will facilitate the introduction of fuel cell technology into the Israeli energy system. Israel will promote fuel cell technology through R&D and international cooperative research. Fuel cells are efficient, inherently modular, responsive to changing loads, and have been used in the past on a small scale in space and other commercial applications.

Source
Static Source:
  • Energy Efficiency Solutions

    Type: 
    Product

    WWL's main goal is the development of novel methods to define local wind energy dispersal in space and time. We produce competitive and profitable wind farms. We make wind competitive and profitable in two ways: ● Locating wind-wells - high wind energy concentrations (see below). ● Optimizing farm and turbine positioning.

  • Solar and LED Technology For Street Lighting

    Type: 
    Product
    Technology:

    Globe L and W’s street lighting fixture ORION was developed in base on minimum operating and maintenance costs and very low periodic maintenance requirements. The fixture requires a replacement of the battery about every 5 years and lamp every 15 or more years. The fixtures operate on PV panel no electricity or costly electrical infrastructure is required. We work on the research and development of the latest innovations in the field of illumination LED technology and luminary new components as the LED bulb JUPITER for replacement of the HPS existing on the grid.

  • Commercial solar energy solutions

    Type: 
    Product

    Arava Power Company provides turn-key solar field solutions that includes 100% of the finance technology and know-how to provide green energy to national grids often replacing diesel powered stations. The company currently has 350 MW of photovoltaic (PV) projects under development. The company has the know-how technology regulatory expertise and 100% financing for large (up to 50 MW) medium sized (up to 10 MW) solar fields and on industrial and agricultural rooftops (1-5 MW).

  • Efficient renewable energy generation

    Type: 
    Product

    Siemens Concentrated Solar Power vertically controls by self development design and .manufacturing all non- standard elements of the solar field from raw material to a working product. Siemens Concentrated Solar Power continues to improve the technology in order to create greater efficiencies and lower the cost of energy. Its UVAC 2010 the world’s best-selling solar receiver lies at the heart of the technology offering plant operators unsurpassed efficiencies and revenues.

  • Connectors and fittings

    Type: 
    Product
    Technology:

    The company is into hot forging and advanced machining. Serving industry the construction field and agriculture SAGIV manufactures customized ball valves connectors and fittings. SAGIV’s products are used for a variety of water steam petrol oil heating and vacuum or pressurized air systems. SAGIV’s products are found in the following industries: Infrastructure Telecommunications Building Contracting H.V.A.C Home Gas Systems Irrigation: Landscape and Agriculture Agricultural Machinery Wide Range of Industries

  • Water resources management information systems

    Type: 
    Product

    General description: A state of the art software for collecting storing analysing and reporting data - mainly from the control systems but also from lab report manual feeding and more. The architecture includes SQL database OO methods and a client-server structure. Function of the product(s): The products contains reporting tool distribution tool (mail/SMS maintenance tool alarms and events management module lab inspection tool and predefined analysis for each target vertical.

  • Biological waste water treatment

    Type: 
    Product

    WateRevive is a start-up company related to Ofra aqua plants Ltd . Unlike Ofra who specializes in wastewater treatment and Natural swimming ponds WateRevive focuses on drinking water treatment enhancement and polishing by Phytoremediation. The Company specializes in nitrate removal biological post treatment for desalinated water (including boron removal) and biological water enhancement for the potable water industry. All solutions are tailor-made Subjected to consumer requirements. The scope of operation: design construction and maintenance.

  • Non-Water-Based Sanitation

    Type: 
    Product

    The device that is simple cheap and effective. The self contained chemical toilet automatically separates solid and liquid waste into different compartments. Instead of flushing the toilet a chemical process is starting which converts the solid waste including toilet paper into sterile ash in less than a minute. The liquids are being sterilized and recycled.

  • Renewable Energy: NCF

    Type: 
    Product

    NCF develops a system that dissociates CO2 and H2O into Syngas and Oxygen using concentrated solar energy. The obtained syngas is then converted into liquid fuels or methanol an excellent alternative fuel and the one of the building block in many chemical processes. The oxygen can be used for clean fuel combustion. The system is self-contained extracting all necessary energy for the process from the solar energy. Eventually the product will be in the form of large plants installed in high solar radiation areas producing hundreds of thousands of tons of fuel per year.

  • Fish larvae food

    Type: 
    Product
    Technology:

    Zo-opt develop innovative live fish food products. Of-the-shelf products enable growing new fish species in aquaculture. The food contains natural ingredients only and prevents water contamination and waste by current technologies.