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Ireland

Official Name:
Ireland

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Name:
Ms. Lucy Corcoran
Position:
Ireland, Annex I
Phone:
+353 1 808 2070
Emails:
lucy.corcoran@seai.ie

Energy profile

Ireland (2013)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

The East-West Interconnector between Ireland and the UK was inaugurated on 20 September 2012 and doubles the interconnection capacity between the two systems. The project for establishing a second high-capacity connection between Northern Ireland and Ireland is at an advanced planning stage. Alongside these projects, work on the transmission grid in Ireland aims to improve the grid configuration in order to integrate generation from renewable sources; particularly wind parks. All of this greatly helps to improve the security of supply to Ireland, while making the grid flexible and reliable.

Renewable energy potential

SolarResearch carried out by Met Éireann indicates that Ireland normally receives between 1400 and 1700 sunshine hours per year. This research states that, due to its geographical position off the north-west of Europe and close to the Atlantic low-pressure system, tending to keep Ireland in humid cloudy conditions, Irish skies are clouded over more than 50% of the time.Wind EnergyCompared to other lEA countries, wind plays an important role in Ireland's energy mix. Ireland has the fourth-highest share of wind in TPES and in electricity generation, after Denmark, Spain and Portugal. Wind represents 16% of indigenous energy production, the highest share among all lEA member countries.BiomassMost of the solid biomass used in Ireland is for thermal energy purposes only. In electricity generation biomass is used in co-firing with fossil fuels in existing power plants. Only a small amount of biomass is currently used in the Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plants (1.1% in 2011). In the Government’s 2007 Energy White Paper there is a target to have 30% biomass co-firing with peat in the three stated-owned peat-generation stations by 2015.BiogasBiogas is produced from the anaerobic digestion of animal slurries, wastes in abattoirs, breweries and other agrifood industries. Anaerobic digestion is a cost effective method of producing heat/electricity and reducing harmful wastes. Biogas is used in CHP plants to generate electricity either for own use or for exporting to the grid. There is currently 0.9 MW installed capacity connected to the electricity distribution network with a further 21.5 MW contracted or in the queue for connection. In 2011 approximately 3.3 GWh was generated from biogas or 0.07% of total electricity generated in 2011.HydroThere are 14 large hydroelectric generators connected to the transmission system (maximum export capacity {MEC} of > 4 MW). The total hydro connected to the transmission system is 212 MW. This is 2.8% of the total connected generation capacity. There are a further 58 micro (< 1 MW) hydroelectric generators connected to the distribution system with an installed capacity of 25.5 MW. Further growth in large scale hydro projects is not currently planned. However there are 4 micro generation projects of 1 MW capacity contracted for distribution system connections.WaveIt is estimated that an accessible wave energy resource of 21 TWh per annum exists within the total limit of Irish waters. This equates to just over three quarters (75%) of the total electricity demand in 2011. The Government has a target of 500 MW of installed wave energy capacity by 2020 and an ambition for Ireland to be a world leader in the development of wave energy.

Energy framework

The Republic of Ireland has three energy goals; energy security, cost competitiveness and environmental sustainability. Renewables make only a very small percentage of actual energy consumption compared to other Europe. The main sources of renewable energy are wind, biomass, hydro and liquid biofuels.White PaperThe White Paper Delivering a Sustainable Energy Future for Ireland (2007) sets out a roadmap that will steer Ireland to a new and sustainable energy future. The White Paper includes ambitious and challenging bioenergy targets to 2020, setting a clear path for meeting the Government's goals of ensuring safe and secure, affordable energy. The 2020 targets include: 33% electricity consumption from Renewables (since revised to 40%), 12% renewable heat including 10% from bioenergy, 10% biofuels penetration in transport, 800 MW from Combined Heat and Power (CHP) with an emphasis on Biomass-CHP, and 30% co-firing with biomass at the three State owned peat power generation stations to be achieved progressively by 2015 beginning with immediate development by Bord na Móna of its pilot project at Edenderry Power Station.National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) and National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP)The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) was submitted to the EU Commission in July 2010, and the National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP), first published in May 2009.  The NREAP details a pathway for Ireland to meet the binding commitments of 16% Renewable Energy Share (RES) of national energy consumption and a 10% RES of road and rail transport consumption (RES-T) by 2020. The NEEAP outlines how Ireland will achieve 20% energy efficiency savings, calculated on the basis of the average energy demand from 2001 to 2005.Strategy for Renewable Energy 2012-2020The strategy sets out five strategic goals: increasing on and offshore wind, building a sustainable bioenergy sector, fostering R&D in renewables such as wave & tidal, growing sustainable transport and building out robust and efficient networks. Underpinning the Government’s energy and economic policy objectives are the following five Strategic Goals reflecting the key dimensions of the renewable energy challenge to 2020.Progressively more renewable electricity from onshore and offshore wind power for the domestic and export markets.A sustainable bioenergy sector supporting renewable heat, transport and power generation.Green growth through research and development of renewable technologies including the preparation for market of ocean technologies.Increase sustainable energy use in the transport sector through biofuels and electrification.An intelligent, robust and cost efficient energy networks system.Renewable Energy Feed in Tariff (REFIT)In May 2010, the Government announced new support price structure for bioenergy i.e. use of natural materials for the production of electricity. The guaranteed support price under the government’s Renewable Energy Feed in Tariff (REFIT) ranges from 15 cent per kilowatt hour to 8.5 cent per kilowatt hour depending on the technology deployed. The technologies supported include Anaerobic Digestion Combined Heat and Power, Biomass Combined Heat and Power and Biomass Combustion, including provision for 30% co-firing of biomass in the three peat powered stations. REFIT is designed to provide price certainty to renewable electricity generators. It has been in operation for wind and hydro power since 2006. It operates on a sliding scale, acting to ensure a guaranteed price for each unit of electricity exported to the grid by paying the difference between the wholesale price for electricity and the REFIT price. In effect, this means that as electricity prices increase, the amount paid under REFIT falls, mitigating the effect on the consumer.Tax regulation mechanisms (Taxes Consolidation Act 1997)Section 62 of Finance Act 1998 introduced section 486B at the Taxes Consolidation Act 1997 and provided for a scheme of tax relief for corporate investments in certain renewable energy projects (solar, wind, biomass, and hydro, including ocean, wave or tidal energy). The scheme aims to facilitate the growth of electricity generation capacity using RES. The scheme has been periodically extended and was recently extended until 31 December 2014 (section 486B TCA 1997 amended by section 25 Finance Act 2012). The scheme is open for applications on a continual basis.Training Programmes for InstallersAn installer must complete a training course and obtain the appropriate qualification in order to be registered as an installer of renewable energy plants.Certification ProgrammesPublic bodies can only procure equipment’s and vehicles that satisfy certain energy efficiency criteria or are listed on the Triple E Products Register (Register) maintained by the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland (SEAI).Exemplary role of Public AuthoritiesPublic bodies are required to achieve energy savings and purchase efficient products and vehicles.RES-H BuildingNew buildings are required to comply with renewable energy requirements of Part L of the Building Regulations, increasing the use of installations for sanitary hot water.

Source
Static Source:
  • Basel Agency for Sustainable Energy

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Switzerland
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    The Basel Agency for Sustainable Energy (BASE) is a Swiss Foundation and Specialised Partner of United Nations Environment. BASE develops innovative ideas and tailored market-driven solutions to drive investment in sustainable energy and to meet the challenge of climate change.

    BASE has implemented projects incorporating locally appropriate climate technologies in North and South America, Africa, Asia and Europe.

  • Environmental Resources Management Southern Africa Pty Ltd.

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    South Africa
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    ERM is a leading global provider of environmental, health, safety, risk, social consulting services and sustainability related services. The Energy and Climate Change Technical Community of ERM has over 400 professionals globally.

  • Acclimatise Group Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Acclimatise has been engaged in the delivery of climate risk management since its inception in 2004, advising private and public sector clients in developed and developing countries, on how to make their policies, projects, investments and assets resilient to climate change risks today and into the future. Acclimatise has been active in assessing and supporting climate services development and increasing capacity to use technologies to build resilience, particularly in developing countries.

  • Centro Internazionale in Monitoraggio Ambientale

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Italy
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    CIMA Foundation is a no profit organization promoting and supporting scientific research, technological development and training within fields of Civil Protection, DRR, CCA and Biodiversity. CIMA is Competence Center of the Italian National Civil Protection System and research, innovation and higher education institution recognized by Regional law.

  • I CARE & CONSULT

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    France
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    I Care & Consult, specialist in environment & strategy, assists public and private organizations in order to successfully achieve their environmental transition. In developing countries, I Care & Consult work in close collaboration with financial institutions, providing technical assistance in order to enable the development of innovative projects based on climate technologies

  • METEOSIM, S.L.

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Spain
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Meteosim was founded in 2003 as a spin-off from the alliance between researchers from the Department of Astronomy and Meteorology of the Faculty of Physics at the University of Barcelona (Spain) and the American company Meso Inc. (New York), which enjoys worldwide recognition in the field of meteorology. Meteosim is a company specialised in meteorological and environmental services, which operates worldwide using the most advanced numerical modelling tools. Their main business areas are air quality, climate change, risk management and ocean studies.

  • Antea Belgium

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Belgium
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Antea®Group Belgium is an international engineering and environmental consulting firm. Antea Group specializes in full-service solutions in the fields of environment, infrastructure, urban planning and water. Antea Group Belgium has developed a wide scope of expertise which allows for a multidisciplinary and interactive project implementation. Services include (policy) advice, research and technical assistance as required for project implementation and project management ranging from small local projects to the coordination of international consortia.

  • Fundación Tecnalia Research and Innovation

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Spain
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Research and Technology Organization (RTO) transforming knowledge into GDP through technology development and transfer, with more than 1200 researchers providing solutions for buildings, infrastructures, industrial systems, transport, energy, climate and environment. TECNALIA has a relevant background in services for private or public organizations across Europe and other geographies as Latin America, developing decision support tools for strategic urban and territorial development and planning

  • Ramboll Danmark A/S

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Denmark
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Ramboll is an engineering, design and consultancy company employing 13,000 experts worldwide. Ramboll provides services across de following sectors: energy, water, environment, health, buildings, transport, and management consulting etc. Ramboll's multidisciplinary approach allows them to provide best available solutions in mitigation and adaptation technologies, and their worldwide presence and expertise facilitates the transfer of technology to developing countries.