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Georgia

Official Name:
Georgia
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms.Maia Tskhvaradze
Position:
Acting Head of Climate Change Division
Phone:
+995 322 47 01 01
Emails:
maia.tskhvaradze@mepa.gov.ge

Energy profile

Georgia (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Georgia has very well developed electricity network. Actually 100% of populated area of the country has access to the electricity network.

Renewable energy potential

There is a vast untapped potential of Energy Efficiency (EE) and Renewable Energy (RE) in Georgia that has to be incorporated in energy security improvements. In fact, Georgia has one of the largest undeveloped hydro power potentials in the world at about 32 TWh per year. Georgia’s potential hydro power production is roughly 7.27 MWh per capita, which is considerably higher than that of the world’s biggest hydro power producers, Norway and Canada.  The economically achievable annual potential of renewable energy sources (RES) can be estimated as: small hydro – 5 TWh, wind – 5 TWh, biomass – 3–4TWh, solar – 60–120 GWh, geothermal – 0.8 TWh. However, the share of RE is still only a few percent in Georgia’s energy balance.  By far the hydro electric potential is the main prospective resource of domestic energy. According to various estimates there is a possibility to economically develop about 20–30TWh of annual generation.Adoption of RE & EE legislation would be a strong factor in support of developing these resources. Development of this resource offers the potential for cooperation in this field with neighbouring countries that are facing the similar challenges.

Energy framework

Georgia currently has no special legislative acts to regulate the use of renewable energy sources. The Tax Code enacted in 2005 does not provide any tax benefits for the production and use, import and putting equipment into operation for the production of renewable energy or power saving equipment. The existing law on electricity and gas does not include renewable energy sources explicitly. Goals for renewables have been developed, however.Georgia ratified the UN climate change agreements in 1994, established a National Climate Protection Program in 1996, and acceded to the Kyoto Protocol in 1999. Consequently the conditions for participating in measures within the framework of the Clean Development Mechanism are in place. Initial proposals for CDM projects in the wind sector are already on hand.Renewable Energy 2008 State ProgramInvestors can benefit from the incentives provided through the Renewable Energy 2008 State Program. Under the program, new Hydro Power Plants up to 100 MW are offered a guaranteed purchasing agreement with ESCO for the first 10 years of operation in which the tariff can be negotiated between the investor and GNEWRC. Alternatively, SHPP operators, i. e. HPPs with a capacity up to 10 MW, have the opportunity to sell electricity directly to consumers at tariffs negotiated bilaterally or even to export without the need for an export license. In any case, however, operators have to agree to supply only domestic customers during the three winter months in a year.USAID project "New Applied Technology Efficiency and Lightning Initiative”Goal is to convince Georgia's large energy consumers - hospitals, condominium associations and others - to use special materials and facilities to decrease energy consumption and accordingly cut expenses.USAID Project “Clean Energy for internally displaced person (IDP)” Assessment of the social, technical, economic and environmental aspects of the introduction of renewable energy and energy saving solutions in the newly constructed or rehabilitated houses for the IDPs.Energy Efficiency Programme for Georgian Communities- Energy Bus ProjectUrban Heating and Residential Energy Efficiency for Utility Affordability in the Republic of Georgia USAID-approved research outline for the studies on Urban Heating and Residential Energy Efficiency for Utility Affordability in the Republic of Georgia, which will be developed under the World Learning/USAID Energy Sector Grant Program.

Source
Static Source:
  • Capacity Building hub for Sustainable Energy

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    The capacity building hub collaborates with global stakeholders and institutions across the energy value chain, and leverages their mutual strengths to foster attainment of the ambitious goals. The hub undertakes a demand-driven approach to catalyze change. It is a special-purpose vehicle that facilitates - awareness generation/sensitization, knowledge assimilation and dissemination, design and delivery of programmes of change, and identification of research gaps.

  • Lighting a Billion Lives

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    Lighting a Billion Lives is a global initiative to facilitate clean energy access and the delivery of last mile energy services for basic and productive use. The initiative enables energy poor communities to transition from traditional and inefficient energy sources to modern, more efficient and sustainable energy solutions. The initiative accelerates market development for clean energy technologies through knowledge sharing, capacity building and market seeding.

  • GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) is a rating tool that helps people assesses the performance of their building against certain nationally acceptable benchmarks. It evaluates the environmental performance of a building holistically over its entire life cycle, thereby providing a definitive standard for what constitutes a ‘green building’. The rating system, based on accepted energy and environmental principles, seeks to strike a balance between the established practices and emerging concepts, both national and international.

  • Specialized Library on Climate Change

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    The Specialized Library on Climate Change houses wide array of resources on climate change related issues, both in print and electronic form. The website provides information about all the resources and services offered by the library. The library catalogue of print and electronic resources and database of literature abstracts can be accessed on-line. Current awareness services like listing of new arrivals and compilation of latest news and events are also provided on-line.

  • ENVIS Centre on Renewable Energy and Environment

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    The major objectives of the ENVIS Centre are collection and dissemination of information in order to support and promote research, development and innovation among researcher, policy makers, academics and other stakeholders. The Centre is actively engaged in data gaps identification and bridging, resource generation and data collection, capacity-building and information dissemination activities.

  • Good Practice Study on GHG-Inventories for the Waste Sector in Non-Annex l Countries

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    The study aims to provide comprehensive guidance to policy makers and practitioners in developing countries [Non-Annex I countries to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)] for the preparation of national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for the waste sector. Though GHG emissions from the waste sector are still comparatively low compared to other sectors, they are continuously rising in developing countries due to changing production and consumption patterns. Experience shows that emissions from this sector can be reduced significantly at relatively low costs.

  • Broschüre “Cool bleiben: Das Spannungsfeld zwischen Wachstum, Kühlung und Klimawandel“

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    1. Steigender Energiebedarf und ein Recht auf Kühlung? Darf es ihn geben, den Anspruch auf eine Klimaanlage und einen Kühlschrank – ähnlich wie das Recht auf eine Heizung? 2. Kühle Kette für eine gesunde Versorgung Nach Schätzungen der Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) verderben durchschnittlich 30 Prozent, in tropischen Ländern sogar 50 Prozent der Lebensmittel mangels angemessener Lagerung. 3. Grüne Technik und Wertschöpfung Das Zauberwort heißt Ressourceneffizienz. Der Schlüssel in der Kältetechnik dafür sind natürliche Gase. 4.

  • Buenas Practicas de refrigeración

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    This manual should provide professional guidance on how to service and maintain refrigeration systems operating with new technology, e.g. ozone- and climate-friendly alternative refrigerants to CFCs and HCFCs. It addresses essential know-how on containment of HFC refrigerants which have a high global warming potential (GWP) and provides information on the safe use of environmental-friendly natural refrigerants, such as CO2, ammonia or hydrocarbons.

  • Cool und nachhaltig: Kühlung in der internationalen Zusammenarbeit

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Kühlschrank und Klimaanlage – sie stehen ganz oben auf der Wunschliste von Menschen in heißen Ländern. Bis zum Jahr 2030 rechnet die Internationale Energieagentur (IEA) mit einem viermal höheren Energiebedarf für Klimatisierung in den Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländern im Vergleich zu heute. Auch werden oft chemisch hergestellte Gase als Kühlmittel eingesetzt. Sie schädigen die Ozonschicht und treiben den Klimawandel voran. Grüne Technologien nutzen hingegen natürliche Gase zur Kälteerzeugung, sind energieeffizienter und können mit Sonnen- oder Windkraft betrieben werden.