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Costa Rica

Official Name:
Republic of Costa Rica

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms. Andrea Meza Murillo
Position:
Director
Phone:
+506 2253 4298, +506 8882 0690
Emails:
andrea.mezamurillo@gmail.com

Energy profile

Costa Rica (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Costa Rica’s 98.6% electrification rate is the highest in Central America, as is its per capita power consumption of 1,611 kWh/year, which is ahead of the Latin American average as well. On average, a middle-income Costa Rican family’s electric bill takes up 2% of its income—one of the lowest rates in the region, thanks to Costa Rica’s higher per capita income and lower power prices owing to the preponderance of hydropower in electricity generation.

Renewable energy potential

HydropowerWhile Costa Rica has used 1271 MW of its hydropower resources, there are 4531 MW more that could be exploited. Hydropower dams are the leading source of electricity in the country, accounting for 78% of electric power, and making Costa Rica the region's leading producer of clean energy.Geothermal Costa Rica has installed 145 MW of geothermal capacity and has the potential for 90 MW more.SolarIn Costa Rica, depending on the place, this country receives energy equivalent to 1300–1700 kW h/m2 yr. Taking 1500 kW h as an average, the total energy received on the Costa Rica terrain (50,000 km2) in 1 year will be 75,000 TWh, whereas the total energy consumed is about 28 TW h (103,350 TJ), that means the solar potential on Costa Rica is about 2600 times the energy consume in 1 year. The use of solar energy is still negligible, but the aim is for alternative power sources to expand significantly over the next decade.WindThere are 600 MW of unused wind potential. In 2010, a 49.5MW wind farm was inaugurated by the German project developer JUWI as part of the government’s goal to derive all of its energy from RES. The wind turbines installed in the Guanacaste region by JUWI and its partners GDF Suez Energy Central America, a subsidiary of the French-Belgian GDF Suez Group, and the local company BC y Asociados, will contribute to the country’s renewable energy objective. The 49.5 MW Guanacaste wind farm was completed in 2009 and consists of 55 E-44 wind turbines from German manufacturer Enercon and produces around 240 million KWh of electric energy per year.

Energy framework

National Strategy for De-carbonization of the Economy/ Stimuli for Renewable EnergiesThe country is already working on specific agendas to stimulate the use of RES, which is principally as a result of the rise in oil prices in the past, a situation which threatens to repeat itself. In that sense, the national government has initiated the so-called National Strategy for De-carbonization of the Economy, where the use of renewable energy from hydroelectric resources, geothermal, eolic, solar and biomass is promoted. The objective is to reduce the dependency on fossil fuels and at the same time promote the electrification of land transportation methods, modernization of vehicular transportation of persons and goods, regionalization of transportation, reinforce the use of multimodal transportation and energy efficiency policies in the industry and general consumption.

Source
Static Source:
  • Rural Electrification in the Developing World: A Summary of Lessons from Successful Programs

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    This report highlights a series of case studies that the World Bank has carried out in order to identify the crucial factors determining the success of such programs. Topics explored in the report include setting up institutional structures; public funding considerations; criteria for rural electrification; cost allocation and recovery; electricity pricing; benefits of community involvement; barriers to implementation; and future opportunities.

  • A New Scheme for the Promotion of Renewable Energies in Developing Countries: The Renewable Energy Regulated Purchase Tariff

    Type: 
    Publication
    A New Scheme for the Promotion of Renewable Energies in Developing Countries: The Renewable Energy Regulated Purchase Tariff
    Sectors:

    This report sets out the main findings of discussions carried out by the Developing Countries Group of the European Photovoltaic Technology Platform with regard to identifying and defining an effective financial mechanism to bolster renewables in microgrids as a part of a least-cost strategy for rural electrification at village-scale in developing countries.

  • Technology and Innovation Report 2011: Powering Development with Renewable Energy Technologies

    Type: 
    Publication
    Technology and Innovation Report 2011: Powering Development with Renewable Energy Technologies
    Publication date:

    This report focuses on the important role of renewable energy technologies in responding to the dual challenge of reducing energy poverty while mitigating climate change. The report identifies key capacity issues for developing countries and proposes concrete recommendations for the wider use of renewable energy technologies to promote sustainable development and poverty reduction.

  • Industrial Energy Efficiency Policy (IEEP) Database

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    The United Nations Industrial Development Organization's Industrial Energy Efficiency Policy (IEEP) Database offers access to information on policy measures that have been implemented or planned to improve industrial energy efficiency at the national level. The IEEP Database allows policymakers, energy analysts and advisors, energy entrepreneurs and investors, non-governmental organizations, international organizations, and other users to explore information on the implementation, challenges, and outcomes of industrial energy efficiency policy measures.

  • Sustainable Energy Regulation Network (SERN) Policy Database

    Type: 
    Publication

    This database provides energy information for countries throughout the world, including Africa; the Baltic States, Central Europe, and Eastern Europe; Latin America and the Caribbean; the Middle East; Russia and FSU; South Asia; South East Asia; and the Pacific Region. For each country, the database provides information on energy sources, reliance, electrification expansion, capacity concerns, renewable energy, energy efficiency, ownership, competition, framework, national energy priorities, the role of government, and regulation.

  • Clean Energy Info Portal: reegle (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    This database provides global information on renewable energy, energy efficiency, and climate change, including country energy profiles, a list of key global stakeholders, policy and regulatory overviews, an energy and climate change glossary, a clean energy Web search, geobrowsing features, and a clean energy blog.

  • Policy and Regulatory Overviews (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    reegle's policy and regulatory overviews provide country highlights for a variety of policies and regulations relating to energy, energy efficiency, fuels, standards and labeling, incentives such as feed-in tariffs for renewables, national targets, and other national strategies for low-carbon development.

  • Country Energy Profiles (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    This reegle website provides comprehensive energy profiles for all countries with information from reliable sources such as UN or the World Bank. Profile information includes national policies on energy-related issues, visualized statistics, renewable energy potentials maps, national projects programmes, and key stakeholders.

  • Sustainable Energy Partnership for the Americas (SEPA) Program (Website)

    Type: 
    Publication

    The primary mission of the Sustainable Energy Partnership for the Americas (SEPA) program is to support the development and use of sustainable energy technologies and services within the General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS) member states. This website lists current projects commissioned by SEPA and provides documents produced through the projects. The website also lists upcoming events and news related to SEPA and explains SEPA's mission, goals, and current activities.