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Côte d’Ivoire

Official Name:
Republic of Côte d’Ivoire

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Kumassi Philippe Kouadio
Phone:
+225 0792 4334, +225 4030 9950
Emails:
kumas_phil@yahoo.fr, kumassi.kouadio@egouv.ci

Energy profile

Ivory Coast (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

As of 2009, the overall electricity access rate had risen to 47.3%. However, the rate is very low in rural areas and in peri-urban areas, where a considerable section of the population takes to under-subscription of electricity with a multitude of risks. The number of households with a subscription to electricity, in relation to the total number of households, is less than 20%. Similarly, basic social services like health, education or human hydraulic services have no access to electricity in electrified localities.The transmission and distribution network of the country comprises roughly 15,000 km of lines, operating at 33 and 15 kV.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyIn the Ivory Coast, most schools and health centres in urban areas use electric solar water heaters. However, these are often malfunctioning, and when they are working, consume large amounts of electricity: approximately 2kW to heat 150 litres of water. In rural zones where electricity is not available, firewood is used to heat water. However, the Ivory Coast is well-endowed with solar energy, and using passive solar heating can meet hot water needs while reducing the use of firewood and electricity. Some PV systems have also been installed in the country through private initiatives and NGOs, in healthcare facilities, and some households. The solar potential in the country ranges from 2.0-4.5 kWh/m2/day, with average daily sunshine durations of 6 hours, indicating a moderate potential for the use of the resource.Wind energyThere are no wind measurements available besides those for civil aviation compiled by the Société d’Exploitation et de Développement Aéroportuaire, Aéronautique et Météorologique (SODEXAM). These measurements, taken at 12 m above the ground, generally range from 1–2 m/s. San Pedro on the western shoreline and Korhogo in the North record wind frequencies between 20–35% for wind speeds above 6 m/s. Bouake in the Centre, and Tabou on the western shoreline are swept by winds with frequencies from 20–45% and speeds greater than 4 m/s. There are no other wind power projects known to date, except those in Touba and Korhogo. Biomass energyThe anaerobic generation of biogas was experimented with in several pilot projects, but was not implemented in regular operation up to now. Currently, some private investors are applying for the authorisation to produce electricity from household wastes, especially in Abidjan. The main sources of supply for fuel wood are natural forests, savannah woodlands and tree and bush savannahs, productive farms and tree plantations. In addition, the production of bioethanol has been investigated in the country, using feedstocks such as sugarcane, maize and sweet sorghum. An estimated 120 ktoe/annum is available solely from bagasse in the North of the country. The forest stand is 6.38 million hectares, including 4.2 million hectares of highly degraded forests and two million hectares of protected areas. Resources from agro-industrial residues, crops and plantations are estimated at over 4.3 million toe per year. They represent the most directly exploitable RE potential. Geothermal energyNo study has yet been conducted into the geothermal potential, however, due to prevailing geological conditions in the area, the country is expected to have limited geothermal potential. HydropowerFour large identified hydroelectric sites remain undeveloped, with capacity ranging from 5 to 288 MW. Several other sites have potential for small plants with capacities of 0.5–5.0 MW. The potential identified in a study by Électricité de France in 1980 is a theoretical capacity of 46 TWh/annum, with an economically exploitable potential of approximately 12.4 TWh, i.e. 27 % of the theoretical potential.

Energy framework

In the Cote d’Ivoire Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 2009-2015, energy sector targets are set for 2013 and 2015. The overall objective set at the level of the energy sector is to ensure energy security, with a view to providing the population with energy accessible by all and at an affordable rate, with exportable capacity and which preserves the environment. To that end, it is also necessary to enforce law 96-696 of 29 August 1996, on the oil code, which governs the oil exploration and exploitation activities. The government has also set out a number of targets in the renewable energy sector, particularly for biogas utilisation. The targets include a 3% share of primary energy from renewables (excluding biomass) by 2013, rising to 5% by 2015. Also, a biomass-fired 60 MW project has been announced, in addition to two biogas-fired power generation projects, totalling 33 MW.The efforts to meet these targets should consider the strengthening of hydrocarbon production capacities. Similarly, there is a need to ensure regular supply of the Ivorian market with petroleum and gas products. The attainment of this objective requires an increase in electricity and butane gas production, the development of a master plan on rural electrification (supplying 200 – 300 localities per year), and improved access to energy services. Furthermore, the intensification of the extensions of the grid in peri-urban areas is necessary for the connection of disadvantaged population groups, and the diversification of sources of RE, and active participation in the process of interconnection of sub-regional electric grids, will also aid the attainment of these targets.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Pöyry Austria GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Pöyry Austria GmbH, a member of the global Pöyry Group, is a consulting and engineering company with deep expertise with extensive local knowledge to deliver sustainable project investments. For instance, its Hydro Consulting department delivers services in the fields of hydrological and hydraulic modellingand forecasting. Its experts have significant experience in the fields of hydro-meteorology, climate change and climate sensitivity. They also contribute to assess climate risk and ctimate adaptation measures for hydropower and all other sectors of water management.

  • Tambourine Innovation Ventures Inc.

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Incorporated in 2015, Tambourine Innovation Ventures (TIV) is an innovation advisory and venture development firm that provides a full suite of services and solutions to the challenges and needs generated by the increasing interest and activity globally in the areas of climate change adaptation/mitigation, innovation, technology transfer and venture finance. TIV founders and consultants bring more than three decades of experience in assisting the developing countries access innovative technologies from the industrialized countries and grow technology ventures.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.