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Côte d’Ivoire

Official Name:
Republic of Côte d’Ivoire

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Kumassi Philippe Kouadio
Phone:
+225 0792 4334, +225 4030 9950
Emails:
kumas_phil@yahoo.fr, kumassi.kouadio@egouv.ci

Energy profile

Ivory Coast (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

As of 2009, the overall electricity access rate had risen to 47.3%. However, the rate is very low in rural areas and in peri-urban areas, where a considerable section of the population takes to under-subscription of electricity with a multitude of risks. The number of households with a subscription to electricity, in relation to the total number of households, is less than 20%. Similarly, basic social services like health, education or human hydraulic services have no access to electricity in electrified localities.The transmission and distribution network of the country comprises roughly 15,000 km of lines, operating at 33 and 15 kV.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyIn the Ivory Coast, most schools and health centres in urban areas use electric solar water heaters. However, these are often malfunctioning, and when they are working, consume large amounts of electricity: approximately 2kW to heat 150 litres of water. In rural zones where electricity is not available, firewood is used to heat water. However, the Ivory Coast is well-endowed with solar energy, and using passive solar heating can meet hot water needs while reducing the use of firewood and electricity. Some PV systems have also been installed in the country through private initiatives and NGOs, in healthcare facilities, and some households. The solar potential in the country ranges from 2.0-4.5 kWh/m2/day, with average daily sunshine durations of 6 hours, indicating a moderate potential for the use of the resource.Wind energyThere are no wind measurements available besides those for civil aviation compiled by the Société d’Exploitation et de Développement Aéroportuaire, Aéronautique et Météorologique (SODEXAM). These measurements, taken at 12 m above the ground, generally range from 1–2 m/s. San Pedro on the western shoreline and Korhogo in the North record wind frequencies between 20–35% for wind speeds above 6 m/s. Bouake in the Centre, and Tabou on the western shoreline are swept by winds with frequencies from 20–45% and speeds greater than 4 m/s. There are no other wind power projects known to date, except those in Touba and Korhogo. Biomass energyThe anaerobic generation of biogas was experimented with in several pilot projects, but was not implemented in regular operation up to now. Currently, some private investors are applying for the authorisation to produce electricity from household wastes, especially in Abidjan. The main sources of supply for fuel wood are natural forests, savannah woodlands and tree and bush savannahs, productive farms and tree plantations. In addition, the production of bioethanol has been investigated in the country, using feedstocks such as sugarcane, maize and sweet sorghum. An estimated 120 ktoe/annum is available solely from bagasse in the North of the country. The forest stand is 6.38 million hectares, including 4.2 million hectares of highly degraded forests and two million hectares of protected areas. Resources from agro-industrial residues, crops and plantations are estimated at over 4.3 million toe per year. They represent the most directly exploitable RE potential. Geothermal energyNo study has yet been conducted into the geothermal potential, however, due to prevailing geological conditions in the area, the country is expected to have limited geothermal potential. HydropowerFour large identified hydroelectric sites remain undeveloped, with capacity ranging from 5 to 288 MW. Several other sites have potential for small plants with capacities of 0.5–5.0 MW. The potential identified in a study by Électricité de France in 1980 is a theoretical capacity of 46 TWh/annum, with an economically exploitable potential of approximately 12.4 TWh, i.e. 27 % of the theoretical potential.

Energy framework

In the Cote d’Ivoire Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 2009-2015, energy sector targets are set for 2013 and 2015. The overall objective set at the level of the energy sector is to ensure energy security, with a view to providing the population with energy accessible by all and at an affordable rate, with exportable capacity and which preserves the environment. To that end, it is also necessary to enforce law 96-696 of 29 August 1996, on the oil code, which governs the oil exploration and exploitation activities. The government has also set out a number of targets in the renewable energy sector, particularly for biogas utilisation. The targets include a 3% share of primary energy from renewables (excluding biomass) by 2013, rising to 5% by 2015. Also, a biomass-fired 60 MW project has been announced, in addition to two biogas-fired power generation projects, totalling 33 MW.The efforts to meet these targets should consider the strengthening of hydrocarbon production capacities. Similarly, there is a need to ensure regular supply of the Ivorian market with petroleum and gas products. The attainment of this objective requires an increase in electricity and butane gas production, the development of a master plan on rural electrification (supplying 200 – 300 localities per year), and improved access to energy services. Furthermore, the intensification of the extensions of the grid in peri-urban areas is necessary for the connection of disadvantaged population groups, and the diversification of sources of RE, and active participation in the process of interconnection of sub-regional electric grids, will also aid the attainment of these targets.

Source
Static Source:
  • Capacity Building hub for Sustainable Energy

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    The capacity building hub collaborates with global stakeholders and institutions across the energy value chain, and leverages their mutual strengths to foster attainment of the ambitious goals. The hub undertakes a demand-driven approach to catalyze change. It is a special-purpose vehicle that facilitates - awareness generation/sensitization, knowledge assimilation and dissemination, design and delivery of programmes of change, and identification of research gaps.

  • Lighting a Billion Lives

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    Lighting a Billion Lives is a global initiative to facilitate clean energy access and the delivery of last mile energy services for basic and productive use. The initiative enables energy poor communities to transition from traditional and inefficient energy sources to modern, more efficient and sustainable energy solutions. The initiative accelerates market development for clean energy technologies through knowledge sharing, capacity building and market seeding.

  • GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment) is a rating tool that helps people assesses the performance of their building against certain nationally acceptable benchmarks. It evaluates the environmental performance of a building holistically over its entire life cycle, thereby providing a definitive standard for what constitutes a ‘green building’. The rating system, based on accepted energy and environmental principles, seeks to strike a balance between the established practices and emerging concepts, both national and international.

  • Specialized Library on Climate Change

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    The Specialized Library on Climate Change houses wide array of resources on climate change related issues, both in print and electronic form. The website provides information about all the resources and services offered by the library. The library catalogue of print and electronic resources and database of literature abstracts can be accessed on-line. Current awareness services like listing of new arrivals and compilation of latest news and events are also provided on-line.

  • ENVIS Centre on Renewable Energy and Environment

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    The major objectives of the ENVIS Centre are collection and dissemination of information in order to support and promote research, development and innovation among researcher, policy makers, academics and other stakeholders. The Centre is actively engaged in data gaps identification and bridging, resource generation and data collection, capacity-building and information dissemination activities.

  • Good Practice Study on GHG-Inventories for the Waste Sector in Non-Annex l Countries

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    The study aims to provide comprehensive guidance to policy makers and practitioners in developing countries [Non-Annex I countries to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)] for the preparation of national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories for the waste sector. Though GHG emissions from the waste sector are still comparatively low compared to other sectors, they are continuously rising in developing countries due to changing production and consumption patterns. Experience shows that emissions from this sector can be reduced significantly at relatively low costs.

  • Broschüre “Cool bleiben: Das Spannungsfeld zwischen Wachstum, Kühlung und Klimawandel“

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    1. Steigender Energiebedarf und ein Recht auf Kühlung? Darf es ihn geben, den Anspruch auf eine Klimaanlage und einen Kühlschrank – ähnlich wie das Recht auf eine Heizung? 2. Kühle Kette für eine gesunde Versorgung Nach Schätzungen der Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) verderben durchschnittlich 30 Prozent, in tropischen Ländern sogar 50 Prozent der Lebensmittel mangels angemessener Lagerung. 3. Grüne Technik und Wertschöpfung Das Zauberwort heißt Ressourceneffizienz. Der Schlüssel in der Kältetechnik dafür sind natürliche Gase. 4.

  • Buenas Practicas de refrigeración

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    This manual should provide professional guidance on how to service and maintain refrigeration systems operating with new technology, e.g. ozone- and climate-friendly alternative refrigerants to CFCs and HCFCs. It addresses essential know-how on containment of HFC refrigerants which have a high global warming potential (GWP) and provides information on the safe use of environmental-friendly natural refrigerants, such as CO2, ammonia or hydrocarbons.

  • Cool und nachhaltig: Kühlung in der internationalen Zusammenarbeit

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Kühlschrank und Klimaanlage – sie stehen ganz oben auf der Wunschliste von Menschen in heißen Ländern. Bis zum Jahr 2030 rechnet die Internationale Energieagentur (IEA) mit einem viermal höheren Energiebedarf für Klimatisierung in den Entwicklungs- und Schwellenländern im Vergleich zu heute. Auch werden oft chemisch hergestellte Gase als Kühlmittel eingesetzt. Sie schädigen die Ozonschicht und treiben den Klimawandel voran. Grüne Technologien nutzen hingegen natürliche Gase zur Kälteerzeugung, sind energieeffizienter und können mit Sonnen- oder Windkraft betrieben werden.