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Central African Republic

Official Name:
Central African Republic

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Mr. Maxime Thierry Dongbada-Tambano
Position:
Coordonnateur du projet d'Evaluation des Besoins Technologiques
Phone:
002 36 75 54 56 74, 002 367226 1179
Emails:
dongbada2001@yahoo.fr

Energy profile

Central African Republic (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Regarding the sub-sector electricity, supply is unable to meet demand. In 2010, the rate of access of the population to electricity was 4% at national level, 15% in Bangui, 1% in secondary centres and near 0.0% in the rural environment, home to most of the country’s poorest populations. The country’s grid system is as follows:High voltage grid: 110 kV - 84 km;Medium voltage grid: 15 kV - 290 km; and,Low voltage grid: 220 V - 433 km.There is an interconnection with the Democratic Republic of Congo, to convey power produced at the Mobaye hydro-electric dam.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energySolar energy is also a viable option, with average horizontal irradiation reaching 6.0 kWh/m2/day in some regions. Global irradiance in the country ranges from 2,000 to 2,400 kWh/ m2. Owing to its high cost, this technology could be reserved for specific applications, such as pumping for general water supply or for powering telecommunication systems as well as for low-energy applications, such as low-consumption lamps, radios and televisions, telephone recharging and small computing equipment.Wind energyThe potential for wind energy is present, with some sites having average wind speeds in excess of 5 m/s. However, wind power use is still largely unexplored in the country.Biomass energyTraditional biomass use for heating and lighting is still prevalent. According to studies, the biomass intensity of the Central African Republic is currently sustainable. No studies have been conducted as to possible non-traditional biomass use in the country. Over 50% of the country is covered with some form of forest, of which approximately 10% is currently being used as an energy resource.Geothermal energyNo study has currently been undertaken to determine the geothermal potential of the Republic.HydropowerThe role of renewable energy technologies is most likely to progress with the electrification of the main towns in the country by the exploitation of hydropower. Currently the Mbali River, a tributary of the Oubangui in the Boali region north-east of Bangui, is considered to have impressive hydro-electric potential. This region is the main centre for hydropower production in the country. Some areas that are considered priorities for small or micro hydro development include: Bocaranga, Paoua, Baboua, Bossangoa, Ndélé, Sibut, Bangassou, Bria, Kembe, Bambari, Bouar, Carnot, Berbérati, Kaga- Bandoro and Mbaîki (ENERCA, 2009). Major potential large-hydropower developments include the 300 MW Palambo project, 65 km North of Bangui, initially proposed as part of a wider project to improve water flow into Lake Chad. However, the necessary investment for this project is approximately US$ 450 million, and hence further project development has been slow since the initial proposal.

Energy framework

The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper 2008-2010 (PRSP) sets as a main objective the improvement of the national energy infrastructure, in order to ensure that power provision can be carried out, as well as guaranteeing the improvement of the population’s economic life.According to the PRSP, major short and medium-term emergency measures will be implemented so that:(i) population groups in urban and rural areas can access quality energy services at a lower cost, and(ii) resources are managed in a sustainable fashion via public–private partnership initiatives.To this end, initiatives will be taken, and even boosted in the following areas:(i) reforms will be continued in the electricity and hydrocarbon sub-sectors,(ii) ENERCA will be restructured,(iii) an energy information system will be created and made operational,(iv) the electricity production, transport and distribution capacity of the interconnected (Boali-Bangui) network will be increased,(v) power transfer at a sub-regional and regional level will be promoted,(vi) the electrification of rural areas will be promoted,(vii) micro hydro-electric dams will be constructed,(viii) the regulation capacity of the hydrocarbons markets will be developed,(ix) the decentralisation and reinforcement of storage capacities and the diversification of supply channels will occur, and(x) reductions will be made in the country’s energy dependence.In addition, the government is planning to build a dam on the Kotto at Kembé to produce electricity to supply the uranium and gold mining sites.Currently, Governmental energy policy is focused on three key objectives; upgrading the Boali 1 and 2 hydropower stations and their associated distribution network, up-rating Boali 2 and 3 with the addition of new equipment, and optimising the running of ENERCA to improve economic performance.

Source
Static Source:
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    Relation to CTCN:
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