Connecting countries to climate technology solutions
English Arabic Chinese (Simplified) French Russian Spanish Yoruba

Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

Official Name:
Democratic Republic of the Congo

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Specialized agency
Name:
Mr. Bernard Ndaye Nkanka
Position:
Professor and Chief, Section Electricité
Phone:
+243 89891 7700
Emails:
ndaye.nkanka@ista.ac.cd
,
Name:
Mr. Bienvenu Mupenda Kitenge
Position:
Expert, Direction de Développement Durable
Phone:
+243 817252180
Emails:
bienvenumupkit@gmail.com

Energy profile

Democratic Republic of Congo (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Hydroelectricity provides more than 99% of electricity generated in DRC. More than half of the exploitable capacity is at the Hyd’Inga facility, in the west of the country. The long distance between this site and users has had a negative impact on electrification of villages and towns across the country. DRC's physical area (four times that of France) would require thousands of kilometres of electricity lines to reach users. As of 2009, approximately 11.1% of the country’s population had access to the electricity network. According to the government's Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), only 13 urban areas have a haphazardly-functioning electrical grid. The power network consists of three interconnected networks in the Western, Southern and Eastern portions of the country, and a number of isolated networks where connection to the main grid was not feasible. The Southern and Western grids are themselves connected via a 1,700km HVDC line of 500 kV. The Western network is also connected to that of the Republic of Congo, from Lingwala to Mbuono, covering 14 km of 220 kV. In total, the Western grid consists of 650 km of 220 kV lines, 185.3 km of 135 kV lines, and 244.5 km of 70 kV lines. The Southern grid consists of 827 km of 220 kV lines, 1,199 km of 120 kV lines, and 144 km of 50 kV lines.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyThe DRC is in a very high level sun belt, with insolation values of between 3.25 and 6.0 kWh/m2/day. This makes installation of photovoltaic systems, as well as use of thermal solar systems, viable throughout the DRC. Currently there are 836 solar systems, with a total power of 83 kW, located in: Equateur (167), Katanga (159), Nord-Kivu (170), the two Kasaï provinces (170), and Bas-Congo (170). There is also the 148 Caritas network system, with a total power of 6.31 kW.Wind energyIn some areas, wind speed is equal to or greater than 1.4 m/s, (1.5 m/s at Matadi, 1.7 m/s at à Gimbi and 1.8 m/s at Kalemie and Goma). However, wind energy is not used in DRC, with the exception of a few pilot facilities, or in isolated cases where the energy is used to supply pumps and lighting. One particular hotspot in the country has been identified, at Ugoma, where wind speeds are in the 6-6.6 m/s range. Due to the country’s vast land area, an estimated total potential for wind energy of 77,380 MW, or 102 TWh exists. However, it is unclear what proportion of this potential is deemed economically feasible.Biomass energyIn terms of tranditional fuel woods, the DRC has around 125 million hectares of forest, with the wood potential estimated at 12.5 billion m3 i.e., 100 m3 of wood per hectare, and annual production is 2 m3/ha. Firewood and charcoal account for the majority of primary energy consumption. However, these fuels waste limited local wood resources, as well as generating considerable pollutants that affect users' health.Biogas production from plant and animal wastes also holds a significant potential in the DRC. Barriers to development are:-the high cost of digesters in relation to average incomes,-the lack of training of users and maintenance staff.There are estimated methane reserves of 50 billion m3 at Lake Kivu, which have been investigated for exploitation by numerous parties.BiofuelsThe country’s potential for biofuel production is vast. However, experiments at the Kiliba molasses distillery suffered the effects of the war. The work has stopped, and there is no indication of it recommencing.Geothermal energyThere is huge geothermal potential in the east of DRC consisting of volcanoes and active geothermal sites, but this is hardly exploited. Hot spring temperatures range from 35 to 90ºC, with flow rate averages ranging from 11 to 162 litres/sec.HydropowerDRC has large hydroelectric resources, estimated at 774 GWh, i.e. 66% of central Africa's potential, 35% of the continent's potential and 8% of world annual potential. This corresponds to a minimum exploitable power capacity of 88,400 MW. A truly vast potential exists for development of further hydroelectric resources, and estimates put potential hydropower export capacity at 51.9 TWh/year, which would create revenues for the country of over 6% of current GDP.

Energy framework

The DRC's energy policy is based on:alleviating poverty and illiteracy;developing projects that integrate rural areas and economically viable regions (including the design of micro or mini electricity power plants not exceeding 20 MW);implementing major industrial projects that demand large amounts of electricity; and,constructing hydroelectric plants, with the focus initially on isolated grids, which will later be interconnected.The development programme includes the following actions to be implemented by 2030:hydroelectricity and other renewables via projects for electrification of the DRC's regions. Hundreds of sites have been identified, of which 55 could be developed in the mid-term at a cost of US$647.3 million.the start of a two-part rural electrification programme,research, development, pilot projects and demonstration centres,development of lowest cost electrical energy supply installations,development of the Inga hydropower site,institutional development, especially concering an independent regulating agency, an energy management unit, and an energy price policy.The European Union Energy Initiative Partnership Dialogue Facility (EUEI-PDF) through 2008 and 2009 supported the Ministry of Energy in creating an Energy Sector Policy Letter, focusing on separating the functions of the state and encouraging private-sector participation in the energy sector, as well as pragmatic service expansion and regional integration of energy networks. This was supported by an Electricity Code, proposing liberalisation of the electricity sector, and creating free and fair codes of competition, protecting both users and operators. In addition, a Rural Electrification Strategy was also collaboratively developed, targeting increased private-sector involvement in rural electrification, as well as promoting appropriate use of renewable energy sources, and establishing both centralised and decentralised rural electrification schemes, at affordable prices.

Source
Static Source:
  • Eco Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Eco is a boutique management consultancy specialized in the design and formulation of climate change mitigation and adaptation projects. Operating since 2000, Eco has worked with a wide range of international clients such as the AfDB, IFC, World Bank, UNDP, UNIDO, EBRD, GIZ and the European Union.

    Eco has designed over 250 projects in 82 countries across Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia. We have assessed markets and designed financial, technology and other strategies and then formulated projects.

  • Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated (OECI) is a private sector organization established in 2011 with the mission to provide quality technical and policy advice on sustainable development. Okapi's work includes project design, management and evaluation, strategic planning, capacity development, resource mobilization, scientific and technical advisory services, technology transfer. Okapi's experience extends in climate-affected sectors such as agriculture, sustainable land and water management, coastal zone management, infrastructure and others.

  • Institute of Natural Resources NPC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    South Africa
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The INR is a non-profit organization that works towards the wise use of natural resources in pursuit of sustainability for the good of the environment and the society, through multidisciplinary applied research. The INR provides strategic and operational support to develop cutting edge solutions that support the resolution of natural resource challenges, in partnership with government, civil society, the private sector and other leading research organizations.

  • Sustainable Capital Advisors

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    SCA provides strategy consulting and financial advisory services to public and private sector organizations seeking to implement sustainable infrastructure projects. Our client engagements involve a diversity of technologies located in countries across the world. Our job is to assist clients "sift through the noise" and develop practical and replicable solutions based on the realities of the financial and energy markets. 

  • International Water Management Institute

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Sri Lanka
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    IWMI’s Mission is to provide evidence-based solutions to sustainably manage water and land resources for food security, people’s livelihoods and the environment. IWMI’s Vision is ‘a water-secure world’. IWMI targets water and land management challenges faced by poor communities in the developing countries, and through this contributes towards the achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing poverty and hunger, and maintaining a sustainable environment. 

  • STENUM GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    STENUM has worked for UNIDO, UNEP and IFC in training their Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Centers and supporting them in the implementation of various activities (education of national experts, consultancy of companies in waster reduction, water minimization, chemicals management and energy efficiency). STENUM has elaborated several manuals and training materials (UNIDO train the trainer toolkit, UNEP PRESME toolkit).

  • Ecofys a Navigant company

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Ecofys, a Navigant company, is an international energy and climate consultancy focused on sustainable energy for everyone. Founded in 1984, the company is a trusted advisor to governments, corporations, NGOs, and energy providers worldwide. The team delivers powerful results in the energy and climate transition sectors. Working across the entire energy value chain, Ecofys develops innovative solutions and strategies to support its clients in enabling the energy transition and working through the challenges of climate change.

  • Ecosoluzioni Snc

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Italy
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Research and consulting on policy & market uptake actions in sustainable energy, clean tech, agriculture, waste mngt. and environment. Since 2000, wide-ranging technical assistance experience in climate change adaptation & mitigation related services, including: tech. assessments, business coaching, feasibility analysis, policy/market analysis, policy planning, M & E, partnership facilitation, finance structuring, agro-energy value chains, natural resources management, technology transfer. 

  • Integra Government Services International LLC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Integra designs, implements, and evaluates international development activities, with a focus on creating opportunities for the poor, expanding access to public infrastructure, promoting social and ecological resilience and strengthening donor programs. Integra has a proven record of innovative approaches yielding lasting results. Integra is a partner of NASA in deploying state-of-the-art Earth Observation technology for REDD+ MRV, while working to build on-the-ground socio-ecological resilience. 

     

  • HEAT - Habitat, Energy Application & Technology

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    HEAT is a independent consulting company focussed on the development and implementation of projects for climate and ozone protection. HEAT has a focus on technology cooperation, policy advice for climate protection technologies, particular in the areas of energy efficiency, cooling and refrigeration, F-gases, inventories, roadmaps, carrying out technical and economic feasibility studies and capacity building measures such as training and certification. HEAT is also the Coordination Office of the NDE Germany.