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Botswana

Official Name:
Republic of Botswana

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Name:
Ms. Penny Lesolle
Position:
Researcher
Phone:
+267 3713007, +267 7164 3369
Emails:
plesolle@bitri.co.bw, plesolle@gmail.com

Energy profile

Botswana (2014)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Rural electrification has been an important component of the national development agenda for Botswana. However, the high cost of rural grid electrification programmes have been a barrier, with the result that in 2005 approximately 17% of the total rural population had access to grid electricity services, compared to 36% in the urban areas.Current trends in Botswana indicate that 58% of the country’s population had access to electricity in 2012 with a possible 80% by 2016. (Ofetotse & Essah, 2012)

Renewable energy potential

Local energy resources considered to be in abundance in Botswana include coal (200 billion tonnes), sunshine (3,200 hrs at 21MJ/m2), biogas (2.2 million cattle, 3 kg dung/LSU/day) and fuel wood (200 tonnes/annum).SolarBotswana has excellent solar conditions, with an average of 320 clear, sunny days per year and an average global irradiation of 21 MJ m-2/day throughout the country.With 3,200 hours of sunshine a year, solar power is seen as a natural solution to the power shortages of the country and region. The  pioneering concentrating solar thermal power station project in Jwaneng is at the bankable feasibility study stage (December 2012). The plant would produce 100 MW. The solar thermal power industry is still at an early stage of commercial deployment. The Government is involved in the construction of a 1.3 MW photovoltaic power plant in Phakalane, financed through a Japanese grant of P90 million. The plant was commissioned in 08/2012. It is envisaged that such photovoltaic power plants will eventually be replicated elsewhere in the country.Government continues its non-grid rural electrification scheme using photovoltaic power which was kicked started in 2006 by the Government and the UN. A subsidiary of BPC, BPC Lesedi is offering home solar systems to rural consumers, as well as other off grid and renewable energy solutions such as solar power photovoltaic products, rechargeable lanterns and improved and financial support.Biomass & bioenergyThe Botswana National Development Plan 10 (NDP 10) states that there is potential for biofuel production in Botswana using sweet sorghum and Jatropha as feedstocks. The Government is currently focussing on the production of biodiesel. The draft national energy policy states that by 2020, local production of biodiesel will account for 10% of the supply of diesel in the country. (DL Kgathi, 2012) 

Energy framework

Main policies concerning energy sector are Vision 2016, National energy policy, Botswana Energy Master Plan (1996, reviewed 2003):Target is to reach 80% national power access and 60% rural access by 2016Improved access, security and reliability of energy supply to all sectors of the economy, particularly the low income and marginalized;Effective institutional arrangement and governance for the energy sector;Improved capacity for service delivery for all key stakeholders in the energy delivery chainImproved availability of energy information for policy and planning;Minimized energy related environmental, safety and health impacts;Strengthened energy trade and cooperation for enhanced energy security and reduction in costs;Improved energy efficiency for all energy sources in all sectors for economy, increased security and environmental protection;An effective and sustainable energy research and development program that addresses the country’s energy development priorities;Effective private sector participation and investment at all levels in the energy sector.The National Energy Policy has a target of providing 80% access to the country as a whole and 60% access in rural areas by 2016. It aims at improved access, security, and reliability of energy supply to all sectors of the economy, particularly the low income and marginalized through effective institutional arrangement and service delivery.  Botswana’s Vision 2016 recognizes the potential role that solar energy can play in meeting the energy requirements of rural communities not served by the national grid. The Government of Botswana has implemented several strategies to advance the use of renewable energy in Botswana. These include renewable energy feed-in tariffs (REFIT) to encourage greater private sector investment in renewable energy technologies. (Pachauri, R.K., 2013).The Renewable Energy Based Rural Electrification Programme for Botswana (RE  Botswana) is a major programme that was implemented under an agreement between  the Government of Botswana and Global Environment Facility (GEF) managed by  United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The objective of the programme is to reduce Botswana’s energy related carbon dioxide (emissions and promoting renewable and low greenhouse gas (technologies as a substitute for fossil fuel utilized in rural areas. (Pachauri, R.K., 2013).

Source
Static Source:
  • Eco Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Eco is a boutique management consultancy specialized in the design and formulation of climate change mitigation and adaptation projects. Operating since 2000, Eco has worked with a wide range of international clients such as the AfDB, IFC, World Bank, UNDP, UNIDO, EBRD, GIZ and the European Union.

    Eco has designed over 250 projects in 82 countries across Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia. We have assessed markets and designed financial, technology and other strategies and then formulated projects.

  • Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated (OECI) is a private sector organization established in 2011 with the mission to provide quality technical and policy advice on sustainable development. Okapi's work includes project design, management and evaluation, strategic planning, capacity development, resource mobilization, scientific and technical advisory services, technology transfer. Okapi's experience extends in climate-affected sectors such as agriculture, sustainable land and water management, coastal zone management, infrastructure and others.

  • Institute of Natural Resources NPC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    South Africa
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The INR is a non-profit organization that works towards the wise use of natural resources in pursuit of sustainability for the good of the environment and the society, through multidisciplinary applied research. The INR provides strategic and operational support to develop cutting edge solutions that support the resolution of natural resource challenges, in partnership with government, civil society, the private sector and other leading research organizations.

  • Sustainable Capital Advisors

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    SCA provides strategy consulting and financial advisory services to public and private sector organizations seeking to implement sustainable infrastructure projects. Our client engagements involve a diversity of technologies located in countries across the world. Our job is to assist clients "sift through the noise" and develop practical and replicable solutions based on the realities of the financial and energy markets. 

  • International Water Management Institute

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Sri Lanka
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    IWMI’s Mission is to provide evidence-based solutions to sustainably manage water and land resources for food security, people’s livelihoods and the environment. IWMI’s Vision is ‘a water-secure world’. IWMI targets water and land management challenges faced by poor communities in the developing countries, and through this contributes towards the achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing poverty and hunger, and maintaining a sustainable environment. 

  • STENUM GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    STENUM has worked for UNIDO, UNEP and IFC in training their Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Centers and supporting them in the implementation of various activities (education of national experts, consultancy of companies in waster reduction, water minimization, chemicals management and energy efficiency). STENUM has elaborated several manuals and training materials (UNIDO train the trainer toolkit, UNEP PRESME toolkit).

  • Ecofys a Navigant company

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Ecofys, a Navigant company, is an international energy and climate consultancy focused on sustainable energy for everyone. Founded in 1984, the company is a trusted advisor to governments, corporations, NGOs, and energy providers worldwide. The team delivers powerful results in the energy and climate transition sectors. Working across the entire energy value chain, Ecofys develops innovative solutions and strategies to support its clients in enabling the energy transition and working through the challenges of climate change.

  • Ecosoluzioni Snc

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Italy
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Research and consulting on policy & market uptake actions in sustainable energy, clean tech, agriculture, waste mngt. and environment. Since 2000, wide-ranging technical assistance experience in climate change adaptation & mitigation related services, including: tech. assessments, business coaching, feasibility analysis, policy/market analysis, policy planning, M & E, partnership facilitation, finance structuring, agro-energy value chains, natural resources management, technology transfer. 

  • Integra Government Services International LLC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Integra designs, implements, and evaluates international development activities, with a focus on creating opportunities for the poor, expanding access to public infrastructure, promoting social and ecological resilience and strengthening donor programs. Integra has a proven record of innovative approaches yielding lasting results. Integra is a partner of NASA in deploying state-of-the-art Earth Observation technology for REDD+ MRV, while working to build on-the-ground socio-ecological resilience. 

     

  • HEAT - Habitat, Energy Application & Technology

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    HEAT is a independent consulting company focussed on the development and implementation of projects for climate and ozone protection. HEAT has a focus on technology cooperation, policy advice for climate protection technologies, particular in the areas of energy efficiency, cooling and refrigeration, F-gases, inventories, roadmaps, carrying out technical and economic feasibility studies and capacity building measures such as training and certification. HEAT is also the Coordination Office of the NDE Germany.