Connecting countries to climate technology solutions
English Arabic Chinese (Simplified) French Russian Spanish Yoruba

Angola

Official Name:
Republic of Angola

Energy profile

Angola (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

As of 2008 a little more than 30% of Angola’s population benefited from access to power, lower than the 46% average for the nation’s resource-rich African peers. No disaggregated data is available on the levels of rural versus urban access in Angola. However, it is known that Luanda consumes around two-thirds of the nation’s electricity, suggesting relatively high access in the urban and peri-urban areas of the capital. Further, at least 85% of Luanda’s municipalities indicate that they use electricity for lighting, corroborating that the availability of electricity in urban areas is high.Poor access and erratic power supply can be attributed to the fragmented nature of Angola’s power system as well as deficiencies in existing transmission and distribution infrastructure. Angola has three major electric systems that are not interconnected, each operating independently. The north, south, and central systems each have their own networks linking generation sources to load centres.The northern system, serving Luanda, accounts for over 80% of the country’s generation assets, while the central and southern systems have less than 10% each. While blackouts are commonplace in Luanda, they are even more so in the central and southern systems. Ironically, the north actually has a surplus of energy; its blackouts are less due to lack of energy than to operational challenges associated with managing the system during peak-load periods. [3] The absence of a national transmission backbone prevents surplus power in the north being wheeled to the center and south of the country. This problem of regional imbalances in power supply and demand will only become more accentuated as new generation capacity comes on stream, underscoring the importance of improving the transmission network. 

Renewable energy potential

With numerous powerful rivers crossing the country, Angola has tremendous potential for generating electricity. Angola has an estimated hydropower potential of 150,000 GWh/year (not defined as technically or economically feasible), of which about 65,000 GWh/year is considered to be firm potential.The Kwanza River possesses a lot of hydro potential. The government has identified nine feasible sites where hydro power stations can be built. The river has a potential to generate more than 6,000 MW. Currently, only two sites have been developed which are Capanda (520 MW) and Cambambe (180 MW).In April 2009, Namibia and Angola announced that they were going to construct a joint $7 billion 400 MW hydroelectric facility. While on June 24, 2009, Russia’s ambassador to Angola pledged to finance two hydroelectric projects totalling 2,000 MW on the Kwanza River. 

Energy framework

The 1996 general Law of Electricity and the Law on delimited Areas of Economic Activities (Law 5/02) are the fundamental laws which form the Angolan power sector’s legal framework. The same Law 5/02 states that the generation, transmission and distribution of electrical power for public consumption are “relatively reserved areas”, meaning private entities require a state concession to enter the sector.. While Angola’s legal framework does not prohibit private sector investment,  the low tariffs caused by government subsidies and concessions make it unattractive. A National Investment Promotion Agency (NIPA) was created in July 2003. The Act No. 5/02 on privatization was enacted on 16 April 2002, but no major privatization in the energy sector has been scheduled or realized.In 2003 the Government enacted a law on environmental protection, and in 2004 a law on the environmental impact assessment of projects was also passed. However, the enforcement texts of these two laws have not yet been published. The first law proposed a National Institute for the Promotion of the Environment, and the Environmental Protection Fund, which are still not yet in place. 

Source
Static Source:
  • Viresco Solutions

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Viresco Solutions is a consulting firm based in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Its core business is greenhouse gas offset policy development and implementation, greenhouse gas emissions quantification, sustainable supply chain development, environmental offset methodology development, and providing technical assistance to others undertaking carbon offset project development. Its clients include industry and non-governmental associations, large private sector companies, and local, provincial and federal governments.

  • What Is the Irrigation Potential for Africa: A Combined Biophysical and Socioeconomic Approach

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Although irrigation in Africa has the potential to boost agricultural productivities by at least 50%, food production on the continent is almost entirely rain-fed. The area equipped for irrigation, currently slightly more than 13 million hectares, makes up just 6% of the total cultivated area. Eighty-five percent of Africa"s poor live in rural areas and mostly depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. As a result, agricultural development is key to ending poverty on the continent.

  • ECO Consult Sepp & Busacker Partnerschaft

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    ECO Consult Sepp & Busacker Partnerschaft was founded in the year of the UN Rio Summit in 1992. ECO, offers integrated advisory services for developing countries and countries in transition. ECO is among Germany’s leading international consultants to offer independent technical advise for sustainable development in the environment and social sectors, particularly in the fields of REDD+ and wood energy, along the value-chain from the production to the end-users, including innovative stove and carbonization technologies.

  • The Women and Gender Constituency

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Relation to CTCN:
    Knowledge Partner

    The Women and Gender Constituency (WGC) is one of the nine stakeholder groups of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Established in 2009, the WGC now consists of 27 women’s and environmental civil society organizations, who are working to ensure that women’s voices are heard and their rights prioritized in the fight against climate change.

  • Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht-Zentrum für Material-und Küstenforschung GmbH (HZG) is one of 18 members of the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres Germany's largest science organization. One of HZG's scientific organizational entities is the Climate Service Center Germany (GERICS), a think tank for innovations in the field of climate services.    

  • Centro GlobalCAD 3.0 SL

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Spain
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    GlobalCAD is formed by a group of international experts specialized in fields related to human and sustainable development. They provide technical and strategic advice, research and capacity building to international organizations, governments, NGOs and private sector organizations worldwide.

  • LTS International

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    LTS is an international company with more than 40 years of experience that provides professional consultancy and project management services to support sustainable development in the public and private sectors across Europe, Africa, Asia and the Americas, principally across developing nations. LTS delivers a range of services within climate change such as: climate risk and vulnerability assessments, adaptation planning, climate mainstreaming, climate screening, MRV systems development, monitoring adaptation, communications, information platform and capacity development.

  • Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Winrock International works with people around the world to increase economic opportunity, sustain natural resources, & protect the environment. Winrock provides climate change mitigation & adaptation expertise in AFOLU sector, REDD+ programs design & development, GHG measurement & monitoring, TA & expert advisory, training, & capacity building. Winrock International has experience in REDD+ programs development & implementation, in countries such as Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Indonesia, & others. 

  • Promethium Carbon (Pty) Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    South Africa
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Promethium Carbon is a dedicated carbon and climate change advisory firm, based in Johannesburg South Africa.

    With a vision to making a difference in climate change in Africa and a focus on technical expertise, Promethium Carbon assists businesses ranging from small businesses to multinational entities on their journey towards a low carbon economy.  Promethium Carbon  also assists governments and government institutions in planning for the coming global carbon constrained environment.

  • CARBONIUM

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    France
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    CARBONIUM is a climate finance advisory company specialised in sustainable development and climate finance since 2004. The main areas of expertise are the following: project design/formulation, economic analysis (macroeconomic and project based), market studies, project evaluation, national strategies (NDCs, etc.), climate diplomacy, trainings, advisory services for accreditation to the GCF. The company has experience in:

    • renewable energies

    • energy efficiency

    • adaptation to climate change

    • disaster risk reduction