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Antigua and Barbuda

Official Name:
Antigua and Barbuda
Region:

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Name:
Ms. Diann Black-Layne
Position:
Standing Committee
Phone:
+1268 4646410
Emails:
dcblack11@gmail.com

Energy profile

Antigua & Barbuda (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Antigua has a generating capacity of 58 MW, and a peak load consumption of 40 MW, whereas Barbuda has a capacity of 700 kilowatts and an estimated peak load consumption of 700 kilowatts. Distribution occurs via an 11 kV line supplying 22 distribution feeders.Virtually 100% of the country has access to the electricity network.

Renewable energy potential

As of 2003, no renewable energy installations were operating in the country.Solar energyAntigua and Barbuda are reported to have one of the best potentials for solar energy development in the Caribbean. Solar water heaters have already achieved some commercial success in the country. Lack of awareness has been blamed for the lack of further uptake of the technology.Wind energyIn the past, Antigua produced sugar by wind power — indicating a good wind resource. However, recent attempts to use wind energy for electricity generation have proved less successful due to high up-front costs, lack of data on wind measurements, and low technical capacity.A study sponsored by APUA (Wind Energy Survey Antigua and Barbuda, Energy Engineering Corporation, November 2008) indicated that in Barbuda, the “Highlands” area offers the most promising wind farm site. At 33 meters above sea level, this plateau of 38 km2 can support 400 MW of wind turbines, generating 900 GWh per year, with little visual impact because the area is five kilometres from population centres.Biomass/BiofuelsLittle research has been done into the potential for these resources in the country; however, sugar production in the country indicates the potential for exploitation of bagasse for heat and co-generation purposes.Geothermal/HydropowerNo assessment into the potential for these resources in the country has been conducted. The highest point in the country stands at 399m above sea level, indicating a possible potential for small hydropower.

Energy framework

The government has made important strides in its energy policy, establishing a Sustainable Energy Desk and commissioning a National Energy Task Force to develop a National Sustainable Energy Policy. Although the potential of most renewable energy sources are unknown at this point, Antigua and Barbuda is beginning assessment of wind resources with the installation of four meteorological towers in June 2010.

Source
Static Source:
  • Communicating Extreme Weather Event Attribution: Research from Kenya and India

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    Climate change attribution analysis assesses the likelihood that a particular extreme weather event has been made more or less likely as a result of anthropogenic climate change. Communication of extreme event attribution information in the immediate aftermath of an extreme event provides a window of opportunity to inform, educate, and affect a change in attitude or behaviour in order to mitigate or prepare for climate change.

  • Hydrological Zoning

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    Hydrological zoning (or simply zoning) is an approach to divide land into different zones based on their hydrological properties. Typically, each type of zone has different land use and development regulations linked to it. This land and water management method aims to protect local water sources from risks of over-abstraction, land salinization, groundwater pollution and waterlogging by managing land use activities based on the assigned hydrological zones.  For example, zones with a high groundwater table, large amounts of surface water (e.g.

  • Energy Efficiency (Policies and Measures Database)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Energy Efficiency Policies and Measures database provides information on policies and measures taken or planned to improve energy efficiency. The database further supports the IEA G8 Gleneagles Plan of Action mandate to “share best practice between participating governments”, and the agreement by IEA Energy Ministers in 2009 to promote energy efficiency and close policy gaps.

  • Green Resources & Energy Analysis Tool (GREAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The GREAT Tool for Cities is an integrated bottom-up, energy end-use based modelling and accounting tool for tracking energy consumption, production and resource extraction in all economic sectors on a city, provincial or regional level. The model uses the Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning System (LEAP) software developed by the Stockholm Environmental Institute and includes a national average dataset on energy input parameters for residential, commercial, transport, industry and agriculture end-use sectors.

  • Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficient Retrofits (COMBAT)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Objective:

    The Commercial Building Analysis Tool for Energy-Efficiency Retrofit (COMBAT) is created to facilitate policy makers, facility managers, and building retrofit practitioners to estimate commercial (public) buildings retrofit energy saving, cost and payback period. Common commercial building models area created, and the retrofit measures and their effects are pre-computed by EnergyPlus by taking different building types and measures interactions into account.

  • Local Energy Efficiency Policy Calculator (LEEP-C)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:

    The tool provides the opportunity to analyse the impacts of 23 different policy types from 4 energy-using sectors:

    1. public buildings,
    2. commercial buildings,
    3. residential buildings, and
    4. transportation.

    Impacts of policy choices are analysed in terms of energy savings, cost savings, pollution reduction, and other outcomes over a time period set by the user. The tool also allows for assigning the weights to different policy options based on community priorities in order to tailor policy development process to community goals.

  • Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Switzerland
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    The Institut International de l'Écologie Industrielle et de l'Économie Verte is an establishment of reflection, research and practice of industrial ecology. The Institute has an engineering division and an expertise cluster, which enables the Institute to identify new technologies linked to industrial ecology and to advise through a specific methodology adapted to local contexts. The project managers work on the practical execution of mandates and on the implementation of the industrial ecology with a particular attention to Switzerland and developing countries.

  • Centro GlobalCAD 3.0 SL

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Spain
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    GlobalCAD is formed by a group of international experts specialized in fields related to human and sustainable development. They provide technical and strategic advice, research and capacity building to international organizations, governments, NGOs and private sector organizations worldwide.