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United Arab Emirates

Official Name:
United Arab Emirates
Region:

Energy profile

United Arab Emirates (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Approximately 92% of the country's population has access to electricity.

Renewable energy potential

Solar energyAbu Dhabi is set to install a solar plant, Shams1, with an approximate capacity of 100MW, which will deliver power to the grid by 2012, and contribute towards Abu Dhabi's target of achieving 7% renewable energy power generation capacity by 2020. Masdar, the U.A.E. government's renewable energy consortium, has appointed the  consortium of Total and Abengoa Solar as a partner to own, build and operate the installation, set to be the largest concentrated solar power plant in the Middle East. The second solar project is Noor One, the 100MW PV in city of Al Ain.Solar potential is good, with an average horizontal irradiance of 5.8 kWh/m2/day, or with an average solar insulation exceeding 8.5 GJ/m2 year.Wind energyA wind power plant on Sir Baniyas Island is under construction and will be the first wind project in the GCC. The operational capacity of the project upon completion will be up to 30 MW and the plant will be connected to the Abu Dhabi power grid. Wind potential is good, with average monthly wind speeds of 4.2-5.3 m/s in coastal areas of Abu Dhabi. Some parts in UAE have an average speed of 6 m/s.Geothermal energyMasdar has begun drilling two geothermal wells in Masdar City, the country's renewable energy and energy efficiency research hub. This is the first geothermal power project to get underway in the Middle East. The two wells are said to be capable of powering the entire air conditioning needs of the city, a major contributor to energy consumption.Biomass/BiofuelsMasdar City has, within it, a research centre for aviation biofuels, funded in part by Boeing and Etihad Airways. The Sustainable Bioenergy Research Project is looking to integrated saltwater agricultural systems to produce the fuel. Construction is also underway of an Ethos Fuel Reformulating (EFR) plant in the country, proposed by Californian firm Joseph and Gionis (J&G).HydropowerThe U.A.E. has little to no exploitable hydropower potential.Wave energyA maximum possible wave power of 16.9 kW/m could be extracted from Dubai coasts at extreme condition during winter season, and the yearly average wave power distribution was calculated to be 4.5 kW/m.Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC)This technology cannot be applied in the UAE due to low temperature gradient in both Arabian Gulf and Arab Sea.Tidal energyThe maximum and average monthly powers that can be extracted from the tides are calculated to be between 0.0964MW and 0.0482MW. These values are considered very low and unsuitable for any major applications.

Energy framework

The country has no specific renewable energy policy; however the rapidly growing demand for power, the average electricity consumption growth being 10% since 1980, makes the country seek to diversify its energy sources including renewable and nuclear energy.Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030 is a comprehensive plan to guide Abu Dhabi’s two-decade programme to transform its economy from one based on natural resources to one based on knowledge, innovation and the export of  technologies. Key goals include increasing the non-oil share of the economy from approximately 40% to more than 60% and significantly diversifying the scope of economic activity. It also puts a strong emphasis on value-added knowledge-based industries, such as renewable energy and sustainable technologies.Masdar (www.masdar.ae/) was established in 2006, and is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Abu Dhabi Government-owned Mubadala Development Company, a catalyst for the economic diversification of the Emirate. It is a commercially driven enterprise that operates to reach the broad boundaries of the renewable energy and sustainable technologies industry – thereby giving it the necessary scope to meet these challenges. Masdar is a key element of the Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030 and operates through five integrated units:Masdar Institute is an independent, research-driven graduate institute developed with the ongoing support and cooperation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). It focuses on the science and engineering of advanced alternative energy, environmental technologies and sustainability to be at the heart of the home-grown research and development community at Masdar City and will eventually host 600-800 Master’s and PhD students and 200 faculty. The institute is fundamental to Masdar’s core objectives of developing Abu Dhabi’s knowledge economy and finding solutions to humanity’s toughest challenges.Masdar Capital seeks to build a portfolio of the world’s most promising renewable energy and clean technology companies. It helps its portfolio companies grow and scale-up by providing capital and management expertise and invests in clean energy, environmental resources, energy and material efficiency and environmental services through the Masdar Clean Technology Fund (MCTF), launched in 2006, and the DB Masdar Clean Tech Fund (DBMCTF), launched in 2009.Masdar Power is a developer and operator of renewable power generation projects. In building a portfolio of strategic utility-scale projects, Masdar Power makes direct investments in individual projects in all areas of renewable energy as well as in technology relevant to utility-scale renewable energy, with a focus on Concentrating Solar Power (CSP), photovoltaic solar energy and on- and offshore wind energy. In a joint venture with Abengoa Solar and Total, Masdar Power is developing the 100MW Shams 1 CSP plant in the Western Region of Abu Dhabi, set to be the largest CSP plant in the world.Masdar Carbon manages projects that bring reductions in carbon emissions through energy efficiency and waste heat/CO2 recovery, as well as through carbon capture and storage (CCS). Through large-scale CCS projects in partnership with the ADNOC and others in the power and industrial sectors in the Emirate, it will capture five million tonnes of carbon dioxide per year and contribute to the Abu Dhabi Economic Vision 2030 by helping to lower the Emirate’s carbon footprint.Masdar City is an emerging global clean-technology cluster with resident companies in global renewable energy and cleantech industry, aspiring to be one of the most sustainable cities in the world. It showcases, markets, researches, develops, tests and implements current and future renewable energy and clean technologies. It hosts the headquarters of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA).A green building code in Dubai came into effect in January 2009. The code is based on the US Green Building Council’s (US GBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system, with modifications made to account for the local environmental conditions.The National Energy Efficiency and Conservation Programme was launched in April 2011 by the Emirates Authority for Standardization and Metrology (ESMA, www.esma.gov.ae) and the Ministry of Environment and Water. The ESMA was established being the sole standardization body in the UAE under Law No. 28/2001 and is a body of juridical and of an independent budget. The programme aims to improve energy efficiency and conservation through the promotion of saving and efficient utilisation of energy at home and expects a saving of 30% of electric consumption through the use of the compulsory card for home air conditioners to make them more energy efficient due to begin early 2012.

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  • Eco Ltd

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    Eco is a boutique management consultancy specialized in the design and formulation of climate change mitigation and adaptation projects. Operating since 2000, Eco has worked with a wide range of international clients such as the AfDB, IFC, World Bank, UNDP, UNIDO, EBRD, GIZ and the European Union.

    Eco has designed over 250 projects in 82 countries across Africa, Eastern Europe and Asia. We have assessed markets and designed financial, technology and other strategies and then formulated projects.

  • Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Okapi Environmental Consulting Incorporated (OECI) is a private sector organization established in 2011 with the mission to provide quality technical and policy advice on sustainable development. Okapi's work includes project design, management and evaluation, strategic planning, capacity development, resource mobilization, scientific and technical advisory services, technology transfer. Okapi's experience extends in climate-affected sectors such as agriculture, sustainable land and water management, coastal zone management, infrastructure and others.

  • Sustainable Capital Advisors

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    SCA provides strategy consulting and financial advisory services to public and private sector organizations seeking to implement sustainable infrastructure projects. Our client engagements involve a diversity of technologies located in countries across the world. Our job is to assist clients "sift through the noise" and develop practical and replicable solutions based on the realities of the financial and energy markets. 

  • International Water Management Institute

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Sri Lanka
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    IWMI’s Mission is to provide evidence-based solutions to sustainably manage water and land resources for food security, people’s livelihoods and the environment. IWMI’s Vision is ‘a water-secure world’. IWMI targets water and land management challenges faced by poor communities in the developing countries, and through this contributes towards the achievement of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) of reducing poverty and hunger, and maintaining a sustainable environment. 

  • STENUM GmbH

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Austria
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    STENUM has worked for UNIDO, UNEP and IFC in training their Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production Centers and supporting them in the implementation of various activities (education of national experts, consultancy of companies in waster reduction, water minimization, chemicals management and energy efficiency). STENUM has elaborated several manuals and training materials (UNIDO train the trainer toolkit, UNEP PRESME toolkit).

  • Ecofys a Navigant company

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Netherlands
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Ecofys, a Navigant company, is an international energy and climate consultancy focused on sustainable energy for everyone. Founded in 1984, the company is a trusted advisor to governments, corporations, NGOs, and energy providers worldwide. The team delivers powerful results in the energy and climate transition sectors. Working across the entire energy value chain, Ecofys develops innovative solutions and strategies to support its clients in enabling the energy transition and working through the challenges of climate change.

  • Integra Government Services International LLC

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    Integra designs, implements, and evaluates international development activities, with a focus on creating opportunities for the poor, expanding access to public infrastructure, promoting social and ecological resilience and strengthening donor programs. Integra has a proven record of innovative approaches yielding lasting results. Integra is a partner of NASA in deploying state-of-the-art Earth Observation technology for REDD+ MRV, while working to build on-the-ground socio-ecological resilience. 

     

  • HEAT - Habitat, Energy Application & Technology

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Germany
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    HEAT is a independent consulting company focussed on the development and implementation of projects for climate and ozone protection. HEAT has a focus on technology cooperation, policy advice for climate protection technologies, particular in the areas of energy efficiency, cooling and refrigeration, F-gases, inventories, roadmaps, carrying out technical and economic feasibility studies and capacity building measures such as training and certification. HEAT is also the Coordination Office of the NDE Germany.

  • World Coal Association

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United Kingdom
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner
    Sector(s) of expertise:

    World Coal Association is the global industry association formed of major international coal producers and stakeholders. The WCA works to demonstrate and gain acceptance for the role coal plays in achieving a sustainable and lower carbon energy future. World coal organization's regular policy analysis, workshops, media updates and strategic research provide access to  the highest level of information on the global coal industry and its role in energy, climate and sustainable development issues. 

     

  • Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Ireland
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Environmental Research Institute (ERI) is a flagship Institute for Environmental, Marine and Energy research in Ireland. The ERI has over 300 researchers working in interdisciplinary and currently has 45 live research projects focused on climate mitigation, adaptation and understanding. Focus areas include energy modelling, marine renewables, biofuels, energy efficiency, climate adaptation platforms, modelling greenhouse gas fluxes, atmospheric chemistry and carbon liabilities.