A National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS) 2005-2025, which sets out strategies for economic, social, infrastructural and cross-cutting sectoral reforms, was announced in 2005. It was reviewed in 2009 while keeping its long-term vision, “A future where individual, community, business and government partnerships contribute to a sustainable quality of life for all Nauruans”.According to the NSDS, the energy sector goal is to provide a reliable, affordable, secure and sustainable energy supply to meet socio-economic development needs through implementing a National Energy Policy Framework (NEPF), which addresses (i) cost effective, secure and sustainable procurement and supply of fuel, (ii) reliable and efficient energy supply and distribution, (iii) management of demand focusing on consumption efficiency and conservation, and (iv) increased use of renewable energy and other alternative forms of energy.Since 2007, the National Energy Policy Framework (NEPF) was being developed by the government with help of the Secretariat of the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC) through PIEPSAP project. The NEPF was approved by cabinet in mid-2008.According to the NSDS, the medium term targets (2015) for the energy sector are: 50% of energy demand covered by alternative energy sources, including renewable; electricity losses and leakage reduced to less than 10% of power production and distribution; and electricity power demand reductions maintained at least 30% levels.The Strategic Action Plan for Renewable Energy in Nauru’s Energy Framework has a policy of a “10% increase in the share of renewable in the energy mix of Nauru by year 2020.” This is to be achieved through various means including the harnessing of Nauru’s wind resources.Nauru started a Nauru Energy Efficiency Training and Public Awareness Campaign as part of an overarching project with the primary objective of poverty alleviation by improving access to electricity to ameliorate living conditions. The specific aim of the campaign is to improve the demand side efficiency of the energy sector in Nauru, and has been structured to: commence an energy efficiency awareness raising and public education programme; conduct energy audits at Government buildings and selected residential houses; and build capacity of local agencies including the training of the Energy Efficiency Officer to carry out energy efficiency programmes such as information dissemination and public awareness activities with energy audits and implementation.An Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAP) 2008-2015 has been developed as part of the campaign by EDF-9 funds managed and implemented by it-Power of UK through REP-5, and executed by the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC) and Live & Learn. It has been developed through a consultative process involving stakeholders from the public sector, private sector and civil society groups in order to contribute to the improvement of the energy sector and livelihoods in Nauru. The overarching vision of the EEAP is as in the Nauru National Energy Policy vision statement: “Secure and sustainable energy, enabling the social and economic development of Nauru”.The EEAP provides a guideline for the development and implementation of energy efficiency strategies for short-term priorities for 2008-2010 and a medium to long-term plan for 2010-2020. The latter includes strategies to establish a Demand Side Management Team within the Power Utility, conduct loss-analysis of the electricity transmission and distribution, build capacity of local personnel, promote and demonstrate EE and conservation measures, conduct energy audits, strengthen legal and regulatory frameworks, and promote the use of alternative/EE technologies.The EU-funded Support to the Energy Sector in five ACP Pacific Islands Countries (REP-5) supported Nauru to achieve the overall objective of poverty alleviation by improving the access to electricity and thus the living conditions through energy efficiency and renewable energy activities, and was completed in 2009.With regard to RE activity, a 40 kWp grid-connected PV system has been installed at Nauru College; and the PV system has been generating 4,500 kWh per month on average since its installation in October 2008 which translates to a fuel saving of 1,325 L per month at the power station. As for EE, over 1,800 prepayment meters were installed by August 2009 for all residential and commercial customers and the prepayment metering system came online. The prepayment meters were supplied to the NUA as part of its reform strategy, which aims at recovering its generation costs through a mix of demand-side management and a user-pays tariff structures.Within the EE projects, the REP-5 formulated a new tariff schedule that gradually increases in the tariffs to move towards a cost-recovery regime. The tariff structure was approved by Government in July 2008, and came into force in August when the prepayment system was activated. To assist customers to adjust to the new system, an extensive energy efficiency awareness campaign is underway. At the same time, an overall Energy Efficiency Action Plan for Nauru is being developed and renewable energy is being introduced. In addition, an Energy Efficiency Officer was recruited in November 2007, and oversaw the energy efficiency actions contained in Nauru's Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAP) until May 2009. External technical assistance was contracted in March 2008 to develop the EEAP in conjunction with the Energy Efficiency Officer. The EEAP was finalized in December 2008, and the activities contained within were implemented until June 2010 by two new Energy Efficiency Officers hired in July 2009. The Nauru Energy Efficiency Community Awareness Programme was launched in August 2009.Nauru signed the financing agreement for the European Union’s 10th EDF in October 2007 to implement a Renewable Energy Programme worth €2.3 million. EDF 10 involves activities in EE and RE projects as well as distribution/transmission line review and refurbishment. Nauru participates in the Pacific Islands Greenhouse Gas Abatement through Energy Project (PIGGAREP) of the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP). In 2008, IGGAREP introduced its assistance for Nauru to expand the Nauru RE market beyond those provided through the REP-5 and EDF 10. It includes key activities: a study of the potential productive uses of solar energy for desalination, laundry and catering purposes at the hospital and in fisheries; wind power feasibility study at the highest areas of Nauru (the topside); and strengthening the capacity of the NUA. The study of the potential use of solar energy is timed to take place after the adoption of the tariff study under REP-5 (in mid-2009) since the power tariff has a significant impact on the commercial viability of the solar energy applications. The strengthening of the capacity at NUA involves three activities including a small island states capacity building workshop on renewable energy technology applications, local training workshops on renewable energy, and extension of the employment of the Energy Officer at NUA which was financed by the REP-5.Nauru has endorsed the UNFCCC and is an active participant in the Pacific Islands Climate Change Action Program (PICCAP). It is also a full member of an independent, intergovernmental, regional organisation established by South Pacific nations in order to provide geotechnical services, the SOPCA, and of the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP).