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Southern Europe

  • Policies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Industry--Successful Approaches and Lessons Learned: Workshop Report

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Wednesday, January 1, 2003
    Objective: 
    Sectors: 

    The industry sector is an important direct and indirect source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Annex I countries. Emissions from the industry sector are expected to draw increasing attention by policymakers as they look for means to reduce domestic GHG emissions. For this reason, the Annex I Expert Group (AIXG) on the UNFCCC decided to hold a workshop in Berlin on 2-3 December 2002 to discuss the range of policies to reduce GHG emissions in industry, with a focus on voluntary approaches (VAs), taxes and trading.

  • Reduction of the Emissions of HFCs, PFCs and SF6 in the European Union

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Monday, January 4, 1999
    Objective: 
    Sectors: 

    The aim of this work is to make a preliminary assessment of the options and costs of controlling three gases--HFCs, PFCs and SF6--as well as the barriers for implementing reduction policies for these gases.

  • Renewable Energy Toolkit (REToolkit)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Saturday, January 1, 2011
    Objective: 

    REToolkit provides a broad set of tools to assist bank staff and country counterparts in improving the design and implementation of renewable energy (RE) projects, incorporate best practices and lessons learned from RE projects supported by the World Bank Group and other institutions and is operationally oriented to address practical implementation needs at each stage in the RE project cycle.

  • Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2012: An Overview

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Tuesday, January 1, 2013
    Objective: 

    This report provides the most current, comprehensive analysis of the costs and performance of renewable power generation technologies available today. The results are largely based on new, original analysis of around 8,000 medium- to large-scale commissioned or proposed renewable power generation projects from a range of data sources. The analysis provides simple, clear metrics based on the latest reliable information, thereby helping to inform the current debate on renewable power generation and to assist governments and private sector investors in their decision-making.

  • Sustainable Cement Production: Co-Processing of Alternative Fuels and Raw Materials in the European Cement Industry

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Thursday, January 1, 2009
    Objective: 
    Sectors: 

    The co-processing of alternative fuels provides a solution in terms of reducing fossil fuel dependency as well as a contribution towards the lowering of emissions. The use of alternative raw materials also has numerous benefits, including a reduced need for quarrying and an improved environmental footprint of such activities. The use of alternative materials in the cement industry lowers global CO2 emissions and does not have a negative impact on production process emissions or on the environmental and technical quality of the final product.

  • Technology and Innovation Report 2011: Powering Development with Renewable Energy Technologies

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Tuesday, January 11, 2011
    Objective: 

    The UNCTAD Technology and Innovation Report 2011 focuses on the important role of renewable energy technologies in responding to the dual challenge of reducing energy poverty while mitigating climate change. This is particularly timely as the global community prepares for the Rio+20 Conference next year. The Report identifies key capacity issues for developing countries and proposes concrete recommendations for the wider use of renewable energy technologies to promote sustainable development and poverty reduction.

  • The United Nations World Water Development Report (WWDR)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Wednesday, January 1, 2014
    Objective: 

    The United Nations (UN) World Water Development Report, released each year with a focus on different strategic water issues, is the UN"s flagship report on water. It is a comprehensive review that gives an overall picture of the state of the world's freshwater resources and aims to provide decision makers with the tools to implement sustainable use of our water.

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