Renewables has been part of overall energy plan since 2002, when the government called for renewable sources to make up 4.3% of the country’s total primary energy supply by 2011, a target that now looks unlikely to be met.The 11th Five-Year Plan 2011-2015 includes the use of RE sources by constructing generation plants as a key part.A UNDP project on Supply-side Efficiency and Energy Conservation and Planning was implemented between 1999 and 2005. The project contained five main components targeting demand side energy efficiency and supply side energy efficiency and resulted in the establishment of the National Energy Research Centre.In 2002 the Syrian Ministry of Electricity launched, in collaboration with the UN DESA, the Renewable Energy Master Plan (REMP). Objectives of the REMP include:Increasing the share of RES in the power mix ,Establishing institutions and conducting surveys that will aid the uptake of RES,Achieving an estimated 1012 ktoe of renewable energy production by 2011.The Law on Energy Conservation was enacted by the Ministry of Electricity in 2009 to fulfill the sustainable development requirements of the country, disseminate energy conservation concepts, energy efficiency actions, improve energy saving and deploy various renewable energy applications. Through this law, the relevant institutions shall be committed to energy conservation and efficiency practices, use renewable energies in all sectors of their activities and adopt high energy- efficiency equipments. They must also create their own Energy Conservation Units meant to assess, audit and monitor the implementation of previously stated improvements. The law also entitles the National Energy Research Centre (NERC), created in 2003 to foster energy efficiency and renewable energy deployment, with further responsibilities.The Master Plan for Energy efficiency and Renewable Energies (MEERE), an updated renewable energy plan, will operate as a guide until 2030 and includes targets set for five-year periods beginning in 2010. The plan is being developed in partnership with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GTZ). GTZ is working with the National Energy Research Council (NERC), an arm of the Ministry of Energy. Although the MEERE has not been released, the targets will be to produce 1000-1500 MW of wind power, 250 MW of biomass-based plant power, 250 MW of photovoltaic plant power and 1m tonnes of oil equivalent solar power per year. In addition, the five-year plan commits the NERC to investing some USD8m in RE projects.The Ministry of Electricity and the Planning and International Cooperation Commission signed the project document of Energy Efficiency Code Project with the UNDP in January 2011. The project objective is to reduce CO2 emissions resulted from the energy sector in Syria by reducing energy demand in the building sector through preparing a new performance-based code of energy efficiency, including minimum energy performance standards (MEPS), energy-labeling of the new buildings, standards specified for EE materials, capacity building of principal stakeholders, and an appropriate compliance regime to ensure that these new requirements will be effectively implemented.Syria is involved in the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and the Cairo-based regional think tank dedicated to the promotion of RE and EE, created in 2008, Regional Centre for Renewable Energies and Energy efficiency (RCREEE, www.rcreee.org/), as a founding member.