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Pakistan

Official name: 

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Region: 
Country income: 
Lower-middle-income economies
UNFCCC Annex 1 status: 
Non Annex 1 Party to the Convention

Pakistan (2012)

Energy profile
  • Planning for Floods: Now or Never

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Wednesday 1 January 2014
    Objective: 
    Approach: 

    The year 2014 is the fifth consecutive year when Pakistan is undergoing extreme weather conditions. In July 2010, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and the Punjab provinces were affected by record rains causing heavy floods, 1700 deaths and disruptive impact on over 20 million people, a magnitude higher than the total number of people affected by the 2004 tsunami in Indian Ocean, the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan, and the 2010 earthquake in Haiti.

  • Toxic Mercury and Mercury Amalgam Use in Dentistry – the need to review and revise current BDS curriculum at dental teaching institutions

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Tuesday 1 January 2013
    Objective: 
    Sectors: 

    The extreme hazardousness and toxicity of the only known liquid element, mercury, is well established. Mercury has been ranked third in the list of toxic substances and has been adjudged as a toxic substance to the ecosystem, wildlife and human. It also affects the nervous system and functioning of brain, especially of children. Short-term mercury exposure may cause damage to lungs, skin rashes and eye irritation. Metallic mercury is an allergen that may cause eczema. Mercury amalgam used for tooth healthcare can lead to oral lichen.

  • Environmental challenges and constraints to policy issues for sustainable industrial development in Pakistan

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Thursday 1 November 2012
    Objective: 

    Like most of other south Asian countries, traditionally, Pakistan’s economy has been centered on agriculture. However, in the recent past, manufacturing and services have also emerged as major contributing sectors. The share of manufacturing sector, from 18.3% in 2007 to 30% by 2030, has been envisioned in Vision 2030. With the increasing industrial & agricultural activities, energy demands, urbanization, traffic density and population growth, the degradation of all segments (air, water & land) of environment is alarmingly increasing and remains a grave concern.

  • Viable household water treatment methods

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Sunday 1 May 2011
    Objective: 

    Access to safe drinking water is inadequate in Pakistan. Public health authorities have not been able to reduce the frequency of waterborne diseases resulting from microbial infection. Empirical evidence shows that the percentage of people with sustainable access to quality drinking water is barely 25%. According to the Pakistan Council of Research and Water Resources (PCRWR), water related diseases account for 40% of all reported illnesses. Further it is projected that in Pakistan diarrheal diseases alone cause the death of 200,000 children each year costing the country Rs.

  • A programme for the implementation of the obligations of the convention on biological diversity

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Friday 1 January 1993
    Objective: 

    In June 1992, Pakistan joined other countries in signing the Convention On Biological Diversity during the Rio Summit. The Convention places responsibility on the signatories by providing a framework aimed at conserving and sustaining global biodiversity. This paper summarises the framework of the convention under the following broad categories:

  • Pakistan’s annual report to the commission on sustainable development national implementation of Agenda 21

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Friday 1 January 1993
    Objective: 

    Pakistan had formulated its own "Agenda 21" well before the Rio Conference. Pakistan's Agenda 21 is the National Conservation Strategy (NCS), which was approved by the Government of Pakistan (GOP) on March 1, 1992. All reports regarding strategies, policies and programmes for sustainable development are to be drawn up on the basis of the NCS.

  • Policy and Institutions in Adaptation to Climate Change: Case study on responding to water stress in Chitral, Pakistan

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Monday 1 April 2013
    Objective: 
    Approach: 

    This publication presents the results of a case study carried out in Pakistan focused on local water governance systems in Chitral and the local capacity to adapt to changing climate conditions as part of a larger project documenting local adaptation strategies to climate-induced water stress and hazards in the HKH region. The publication looks at the impact of governmental and non-governmental water sector interventions on the functioning of traditional institutions and how such interventions affect the adaptive capacity of local communities.

  • Fiscal disaster risk assessment options for consideration

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Wednesday 1 April 2015
    Objective: 

    This report focuses on the financial impacts of natural disasters on the budget of the Government of Pakistan (GoP).

    The study presents a series of complementary options for development of a national disaster risk financing strategy, based on a preliminary fiscal risk analysis and a preliminary review of the current budget management of natural disasters in Pakistan.

  • Strategic research into national and local capacity building for DRM: Pakistan fieldwork report

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Wednesday 1 January 2014
    Objective: 

    To date there has been little formal, empirical research that has been conducted on capacity building for disaster risk management (DRM), and as a result international actors lack robust, evidence-based guidance on how capacity for DRM can be effectively generated at national and local levels. This report on Pakistan is part of a research project been designed as an initial step towards filling that knowledge and evidence gap.Two programmes emerged as appropriate case studies:

  • Climate and Development Outlook: Pakistan special edition - Learning to live with climate change

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Saturday 1 August 2015
    Objective: 
    Approach: 

    Published by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), this special edition of Climate and Development Outlook focuses on Pakistan and work in support of climate change mitigation and adaptation.

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