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Pakistan

Official name: 

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Region: 
Country income: 
Lower-middle-income economies
UNFCCC Annex 1 status: 
Non Annex 1 Party to the Convention

Pakistan (2012)

Energy profile
  • Pakreport: Crowdsourcing for Multipurpose and Multicategory Climate related Disaster Reporting

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Saturday 1 January 2011
    Objective: 

    This case study focuses on Pakreport, an ICT initiative between crisis mapping organisations, engineers, relief agencies and crowdsourcing companies that began in July 2010 as a response to the floods.

  • Building climate resilience in South Asia

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Sunday 1 January 2012
    Objective: 
    Approach: 

    This publication outlines several projects run by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) to improve resilience to climate change in South Asia, concentrating on 'Pakistan's post-flood reconstruction'. It also provides information on current projects in Senegal, Rwanda and Colombia, as well as the Meridien Institute who seek to advise developing country leaders on the important link between agriculture and climate change.

  • Searching evidence for climatic change: Analysis of hydro-meteorological time series in the Upper Indus Basin

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Monday 1 January 2001
    Objective: 

    The study examines some of the major components of water cycle in the Upper Indus Basin (UIB) to look for evidence of climate change. An analysis of hydrometeorological data has been performed for UIB. An Additive Decomposition Model was used for analyzing the time series data from ten meteorological stations in the Mangla (Jhelum River) and the Tarbela (Indus River) catchments and the long-term flow data for the three major rivers, the Indus, Jhelum and Chenab. The model decomposes a time series into trend, cyclical or periodic, autoregressive and irregular components.

  • Water management in the Indus Basin in Pakistan: challenges and opportunities

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Saturday 1 January 2011
    Objective: 

    The Indus River basin supplies water to the largest contiguous irrigation system in the world, providing water for 90% of the food production in Pakistan, which contributes 25% of the country’s gross domestic product. But Pakistan could face severe food shortages intimately linked to water scarcity. It is projected that, by 2025, the shortfall of water requirements will be ,32%, which will result in a food shortage of 70 million tons. Recent estimates suggest that climate change and siltation of main reservoirs will reduce the surface water storage capacity by 30% by 2025.

  • Social inequality and environmental threats in Indus Delta villages: Pakistan

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Sunday 1 January 2012
    Objective: 

    Protection of environmental and climate change migrants or refugees and the debate on the legal framework of refugees’ rehabilitation is a matter of major concern for international humanitarian as well as development oriented organizations. But there is little focus on gradual or slow-onset disasters and there is little ethnographic research work in the regions under severe permanent threats because of environmental and climate change.

  • Coal-fired power generation in Pakistan: a policy paper

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Wednesday 1 January 2014
    Objective: 

    In coal-fired power generation, the global trend is towards improving the efficiency of thermal power plants by generating more electricity while using the minimum quantity of fuel (Natural Gas, Coal and Residual Fuel Oil) as well as lowering emissions. In fact, High Efficiency and Low Emissions is the collective mantra of the 21st century with coal-fired power plants in operation having reached a thermal efficiency of 45%.

  • Climate change and national security

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Wednesday 1 August 2012
    Objective: 

    Security can be measured at four different levels individual security, national security, regional security and global security, according to relevance of the situation and the subject. Global leaders are concerned about global security and in the same way regional leaders are concerned about regional security. National leaders are concerned about national security. Consequently most of the time individual security is compromised. Although all four levels of security are important, individual security is fundamental for ensuring the other three types of security.

  • Lead exposure and children: blood lead levels in school children resulting from leaded petrol use and increasing road traffic in Pakistan

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Wednesday 1 January 2003
    Objective: 
    Sectors: 

    Increasing prosperity and population growths in many developing countries are resulting in accelerated growth in vehicle population and vehicle kilometres travelled. In Pakistan, the number of vehicles have jumped from 0.8 million to about 4.0 million within 20 years showing an overall increase of more than 400 %. Accordingly, the consumption of petrol (motor spirit) has increased from 828,670 metric tons to 1,189,042 metric tons.

  • Employment Program in the Flood Affected Areas

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Saturday 1 January 2011
    Objective: 
    Approach: 

    The focus of this study is to address the livelihoods loss issue in conjunction with the rebuilding of small infrastructure. Based on a rapid assessment of flood affected areas, the study identifies employment programmes at the village level that created short term livelihood possibilities for the poorest affected. Given the nature of work as well as the area affected, cost estimates for each scheme have been drawn and then aggregated at the provincial and national levels.

  • Climate change adaptation: improving environment through reduction in wood cutting and remission in greenhouse gases with introduction and promotion of energy efficient technologies - district Kohistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Monday 1 July 2013
    Objective: 
    Sectors: 
    Approach: 

    The natural disaster and conflict have brought changes in the physical, chemical and biological character of environment across the globe. Pakistan is one of the worst victims facing effects of climate change in spite of the factual situation that it does not account for generating as well as expanding this global problem. Pakistan lies at 12th position in the in the list of victims of deleterious impacts of climate change. Nevertheless the area like Kohistan with forests under stress and strain is experiencing impacts of climate change.

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