The Lebanese Association for Energy Saving and for the Environment (ALMEE, http://www.almee.org/) (a non-profit organisation), is dedicated to developing, increasing and promoting better management of energy, on a national level and in the Mediterranean basin as a whole. Their work encompasses the following fields:- Renewable energies: solar, wind, biomass, hydraulic, wood etc.,- Generation and exploitation of electrical energy,- Buildings: insulation, glazing, heating, air conditioning etc.,- Industrial processing, "co-generation" etc.,- Air conditioning and heating,- Heat-pumps and refrigeration.- Transportation- Energy and the environment.EU (SYNERGY program) Euro-Mediterranean Energy Policy Training Network project, to establish a training network extending to all Mediterranean Partners and providing specialized services, enhancing implementation of the Action Plan of Euro-Mediterranean Energy Forum 1998-2002. The ultimate success of the Network was judged upon the effectiveness of the dissemination of European energy policy know-how to the Mediterranean Partners as well as upon the adoption by them of common international practices in energy projects financing.EU (INCO) project, DISTRES (www.distres.eu): Promotion and Consolidation of all RTD Activities for Renewable Distributed Generation Technologies in the Mediterranean Region. The overall goal of the three year DISTRES project is to exchange and disseminate good practice in renewable energy sources and distributed generation (RES-DG) through research and analyses of Mediterranean needs. Since solar potential is abundant in the Mediterranean, the area of interest of DISTRES will be primarily solar (photovoltaic and/or solar thermal concentrating systems) from DG systems.A UNDP project, Lebanon-Cross-Sectoral Energy Efficiency and Removal of Barriers to ESCO Operation, between 2002 and 2011 aimed at establishing the Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation and Planning; providing necessary engineering and energy marketing services pertaining to energy conservation; and assisting the government in strengthening its policy aspects and increasing public awareness pertaining to energy planning and conservation issues.The Country Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Demonstration Project for the Recovery of Lebanon (CEDRO, www.cedro-undp.org/) was created in October 2007 in partnership with the Ministry of Energy and Water, the Ministry of Finance and the Council for Development and Reconstruction of the UNDP. The project is part of a larger UNDP programme to assist in the country’s recovery from the 2006 conflict with Israel. CEDRO has a mandate of five years until October 2012 and a budget of $9.73 million funded by the Lebanon Recovery Fund by means of a donation from Spain.The aim of CEDRO is to complement the national power sector reform strategy and to support the greening of Lebanon's recovery reconstruction and reform activities. The project focuses on activating end-use energy efficiency and renewable energy applications in public sector buildings and facilities across Lebanon on several levels:The first level involves the implementation of end-use energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy (RE) demonstration projects in approximately 80 public sector buildings and facilities across Lebanon;The second level involves the gearing of CEDRO projects towards assisting in alleviating barriers to increased penetration of RE and EE applications;The third level targets public awareness issues on climate change, energy consumption, and RE and EE applications;The fourth level increases the availability of validated data on energy consumption patterns, and RE and EE performance costs and benefits;The fifth level consists of supporting the formulation of a national sustainable energy strategy and action plan through a research and development program.To date, the major already accomplished or ongoing initiatives include the introduction of compact fluorescent lamps (CFL), solar water heaters, EE measures in industry, street lighting programs, the development of standards and labels and the development of a number of energy related laws and financing mechanisms.The Policy Paper of the Electricity Sector was launched by the Ministry of Energy and Water in June 2010 as the national plan to upgrade the electricity sector in the country. The policy paper includes 10 strategic initiatives, three of them dedicated to energy efficiency and renewable energy. They include feed-in tariff and net-metering, the development of a National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP), the establishment of the National Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Action (NEEREA) as a national financing mechanism and to develop the ESCO (Energy Service Company) business dealing with energy audit applications. The Policy Paper has also set the targets to increase the share of RE to 10% of the total energy supply by 2013 and to 12% by the year 2020, as well as to reduce energy consumption by 6% by the year 2013.The National Energy Efficiency Action Plan for Lebanon (NEEAP) 2011-2015 for the Electricity Sector was developed by the LCEC with the support by the EU-funded MED-ENEC project. The NEEAP was adopted by the Ministry of Electricity and Water in December 2010.