The total RES potential of Kyrgyzstan is around 590 Mio TOE/year, but with the exception of small-scale hydropower, it remains largely unused. Kyrgyzstan has good potential for the application of decentralized renewable energy technologies, primarily small hydropower stations on mountain rivers, solar and wind energy, and biogas plants. In comparison to big hydro and hydro-carbons, decentralized renewable projects are relatively inexpensive (in terms of up-front capital costs), and can attract at least some of the financing needed for their construction and maintenance from donors and the communities in which they are located. Despite this, according to one source, less than 1% of this potential is being utilized.HydroAccording to various estimates, Kyrgyzstan is not using more than 10% of its total hydropower capacity, which is assessed at 140 billion kWh by the “National Power Grid” company. The combination of abundant water resources and reliance on hydro power poses a dilemma for policy makers in Kyrgyzstan. The construction of new hydro power plants—both along the Naryn cascade and on smaller rivers—is an obvious way to increase capacity for winter power generation, as well as boost exports and promote economic development. The Ministry of Energy has conducted feasibility studies for constructing some 47 hydropower plants across the country.WindThe reported annual average wind speed ranges from 0.5 m/s to 3.6 m/s. The total wind potential is estimated at 1,500 MW. There has been minimal wind development activity in Kyrgyzstan.BiomassMore than 50% of agricultural lands are occupied by pastures that determined the main branch of agriculture – livestock breeding. The livestock waste, which could be used after processing in biogas plants, constitutes approximately 2,500 thousand tons per year. It is estimated that biogas plants could produce some 5 million tons of fertilizer and some 200 million cubic meters of gas in Kyrgyzstan annually. Currently, biogas facilities produce around 2 million cubic meters of biogas annually, which is used in the residential and commercial sector.SolarKyrgyzstan is rich in solar potential. The average annual output of solar energy is about 1,500 - 2,500 kWh per square meter; also, approximately 2,600 sunshine hours are recorded annually.GeothermalThe geothermal resources of Kyrgyz Republic include many thermal springs and high heat generating granites. It is believed that low to medium heat geothermal resources could be used for district heating.