Some energy policy objectives of the Ministry of National Infrastructures (MNI) are:The energy policy shall guarantee at all times the supply of demand for energy in the economy.The energy policy shall strive to achieve the maximum possible level of competition, while limiting government involvement.The energy policy shall strive to achieve more efficient use of energy in production of energy, transport, domestic consumption, industry and public commercial.Government Resolution No. 4450 (SE/176) of January 29, 2009 set a target for generation of 10% of Israel’s electricity needs from renewable energy sources by 2020.Similarly, Resolution No. 3261 (SE/69), dated January 29, 2009, decided on a series of energy efficiency measures to reduce electricity consumption by 20% of the electricity consumption forecast for 2020.The main steps in the Electricity Consumption Resolution include:Saving energy in every home in Israel through energy efficient equipment.Government buildings will be built according to green construction standards.Setting an energy efficiency standard for a wide range of electrical appliances.PR campaign for intelligent use of electricity.Establishing a fund to provide loans for energy efficiency projects, by means of energy service companies that will provide energy conservation advice and services.To follow up the above plan, the MNI developed a National Energy Efficiency Program – Reducing Electricity Consumption 2010-2020 to create an intensive process of increased efficiency. The program includes financial incentives, tax benefits, regulation, workshops, advertising, publicity etc. and aims to avoid the construction of power plants with an overall capacity of 3,400 Megawatts, or approximately USD 4.25 billion by 2020.Israel is aggressively promoting electric battery vehicles and aims to become independent of oil by 2020. It has invested in recharging grid and battery-swap stations and will reduce the 90% purchase tax on conventional vehicles down to 10% for EVs purchased by early adopters including fleet owners. The Ministry of Energy and Water Resources is moving to enact charging regulations for electric vehicles. The Ministry of National Infrastructures has published ‘Charging of Electric Vehicles – Policy Principles’.MNI states that the introduction of nuclear energy in Israel will resolve three important issues: diversification of energy sources, ensuring long term and reliable energy supply and reducing global warming. The introduction of natural gas as a main fuel source will facilitate the introduction of fuel cell technology into the Israeli energy system. Israel will promote fuel cell technology through R&D and international cooperative research. Fuel cells are efficient, inherently modular, responsive to changing loads, and have been used in the past on a small scale in space and other commercial applications.