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Eastern Asia

  • Environmental and social safeguards (EoD)

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Wednesday, January 1, 2014
    Objective: 

    This report reviews existing environmental, social and climate safeguard systems developed and adopted by multilateral and bilateral development agencies. The aim of the report is to assess the potential for the UK Department for International Development (DFID) to adopt or rely on these systems. This will help guide the application of DFID’s new SMART rules, which include a commitment to ensuring sustainability and resilience, and to avoid doing harm such as creating or exacerbating resource scarcity, climate change and/or environmental damage.

  • Biennial Assessment and Overview of Climate Finance Flows 2014

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Monday, December 1, 2014
    Objective: 

    This guide, aimed at climate change negotiators, gives synopsis of the key elements in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)’s Biennial Assessment (BA) of climate finance flows. It also provides an overview of recommendations of the UNFCCC’s Standing Committee on Finance (SCF) to the Conference of Parties. The guide also provides some views on how the identified recommendations can support future international negotiations.

  • Towards resilience and transformation for cities within a finite planet

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Tuesday, October 1, 2013
    Objective: 
    Approach: 

    Sattherwaite and Dodman’s editorial is an introduction to a special issue of environment and urbanisation which focusses on climate change responses in cities. It usefully summarises the state of debates about the meanings and complexities of the resilience and transformation concepts, pointing to the latest literature. It focuses on the following areas:

    • cities capacity for change in the context of powerful corporate and political interests;
  • Climate-smart development: Adding up the benefits of actions that help build prosperity, end poverty and combat climate change

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Wednesday, January 1, 2014
    Objective: 

    This report argues that smart development policies and projects can also slow the pace of adverse climate changes and that the objectives of economic development and climate protection can compliment one another. It uses new modelling tools to examine the range of benefits ambitious climate mitigation policies can produce across the transportation, industry and building sectors in the United States, China, the European Union, India, Mexico and Brazil. It also describes the multiple benefits of four development project simulations scaled up to the national level.

  • The development implications of the fracking revolution

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Wednesday, January 1, 2014
    Objective: 

    A larger number of countries are exposed to a potential trade shock emerging from a change in US oil imports including Angola, Congo, and Nigeria. An increase in fracking in China with the same size in the trade shock would double the effect. The total estimated effects from a reduction in US oil imports from African countries amount to US$32 billion. The net impacts on exporters will depend on their ability to find other markets, and the conditions under which they do so.

  • The Evidence of Benefits for Poor People of Increased Renewable Electricity Capacity: Literature Review

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Tuesday, January 1, 2013
    Objective: 

    Lack of access to electricity is seen as a major constraint to economic growth and increased welfare in developing countries. In this report, the authors conducted a review of the evidence that investments in electricity-generating capacity have benefits for poor people, and what factors influence that relationship. The review analyzes a large and diverse range of literature dealing with the poverty impacts of increased generation capacity.

  • Oil Price Volatility, Economic Growth and the Hedging Role of Renewable Energy

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Sunday, September 1, 2013
    Objective: 

    This paper investigates the adverse effects of oil price volatility on economic activity and the extent to which countries can hedge against such effects by using renewable energy. By considering the Realized Volatility of oil prices, rather than following the standard approach of considering oil price shocks in levels, the effects of factor price uncertainty on economic activity are analyzed. Sample countries represent developed and developing, oil importing and exporting and service/industry-based economies.

  • Feeding an urban world: a call to action

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Saturday, June 1, 2013
    Objective: 
    Approach: 

    This report focuses on the specific issue of urban food security, describing the demographic and environmental trends as well as food production and infrastructure challenges that impact supply and demand for food in urban areas. Before providing specific examples of the food security challenges faced by cities around the world, the authors propose a framework, or matrix, of issues for policymakers to use in developing and assessing urban food security strategies.

  • The policy climate

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Tuesday, January 1, 2013
    Objective: 

    This report offers an overview of climate change policy issues across the world. It focuses on: 1) Brazil, China, India, Europe and the United States, which represent the majority of global greenhouse gas emissions but vary widely in terms of economic development, natural resource endowment, political system and climate policy; 2) The economic sectors that represent the greatest potential for greenhouse gas mitigation; and 3) A defined set of policy issues within these regions and key sectors that most affect climate change.

  • The role of the EU, the U.S., and China in addressing climate change

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date: 
    Sunday, January 1, 2012
    Objective: 

    This article analyses the position of the United States, China and the European Union (EU) in regard to climate change. Although climate change is a truly global issue, the focus is on these three main players in the international climate change negotiations, because they are the world’s first, second and third largest emitters of carbon dioxide respectively, and the EU has some of the strongest domestic support to address the climate change challenge. The paper acknowledges that each one of them is geographically and socially diverse, taking this into account when analyzing them.

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