Mali’s vision and targets have been formulated in key policy papers.National Energy Policy (NEP): Mali’s energy sector is governed by the NEP, adopted in 2006. The overall objective is to contribute to the country’s sustainable development through the provision of affordable energy services in order to increase access to electricity and promote of socio-economic activities. The specific objectives of the NEP are:Meeting the energy needs in quality, quantity and cost;Ensuring the protection of persons, property and environment against the risks of inappropriate energy services;Strengthening the capacities of policy, management, monitoring and control of the energy sector; andStrengthening the benefits of international cooperation in the field of energy. In terms of guiding principles, these are based on decentralization, liberalization, a programmatic and participatory approach, competitiveness and on the implementation of public-private partnerships.The NEP constitutes a tool for:Establishing a better match between energy availability and national socio-economic development;Fostering synergies between the activities of major stakeholders in the energy sector;Effectively directing the interventions of public and private actors of the energy sector for a rapid, balanced, and sustainable development of the country; andEnsuring a better balance between energy supply and demand with a view to improved access to electrification and reduce geographic unbalances between the grid and off-grid areas covered. National Strategy for the Development of Renewable Energy (2006)The National Strategy for the Development of Renewable Energy adopted in 2006 aims to:Promote the widespread use of renewable energy technologies and equipment to increase the share of renewable energies in national electricity generation up to 10% by 2015;Develop the bio-fuel subsector for various uses (electricity generation, transportation, agricultural motorization, etc.);Create better conditions to sustain renewable energy services; andSearch for sustainable and suitable financing mechanisms for renewable energies.So far, the implementation of this national strategy has not been very successful. The strategy is expected to be revised soon, in line with the revision of the National Energy Policy. National Strategy for the Development of Biofuels (2008)Adopted in June 2008, it aims, firstly, at enhancing affordable local energy production through the development of bio-fuels to meet the country’s socio-economic needs and, secondly, reducing the country’s dependency on oil imports. Energy Sector Policy Letter (2009-2012)In addition to the National Energy Policy, the sector policy framework is complemented by the Energy Sector Policy Letter covering the period between 2009 and 2012. This Letter constitutes a reference and guiding framework of the government’s energy vision. The main goal is to carry out the necessary adjustments and reforms in the electricity subsector, such as the completion of the restructuring of EDM and tariff reforms, and take steps to ensure its sustainable development. It is focusing on the following main objectives: (i) to provide wide access to rural energy services at an affordable cost; (ii) to develop all available renewable energy sources; and (iii) to promote access to finance.The Government has developed its medium term development strategy in the national Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (namely CSCRP). In the CSCRP 2007-2011, the energy sector is considered as a key support sector for the development of the country, as part its third pillar “Infrastructure Development and Support to Productive Sectors”. The Government is currently finalizing its new CSCRP 2012-2017, with the following overall objective: Make Mali an emerging country and an agricultural power with good quality of life for its population. To achieve this goal, the energy sector must be strongly developed, especially the renewable energy sub-sector that has great potential to be scaled up in the country.In addition to the renewable energy strategies mentioned above, the National Action Program for Adaptation to Climate Change (NAPA), submitted and disseminated in 2007, comprises renewable energy projects, some of which have been partially implemented. Furthermore, in 2011, the goverment elaborated a National Climate Change Policy and a National Climate Change Strategy, the two documents integrate renewable energy sources in their action axes.