In 2030, Madagascar aims to reduce approximately 30 MtCO2 of its emissions of GHG, representing 14% of national emissions, compared to the BAU scenario, with projections based of GHG inventory from year 2000 to 2010. This reduction is additive to the absorptions increase of the LULUCF sector, which estimated at 61 MtCO2 in 2030. Total increase in GHG absorption is expected at 32%, compared to the BAU scenario.
Ce rapport comprend une cartographie exhaustive et une revue analytique des centres ou projets d’éducation sur les changements climatiques à l’échelle internationale afin d’alimenter la réflexion sur l’établissement du Centre 4Climate et de fonder les recommandations sur les meilleures pratiques internationales. Les centres sujets à la présente analyse sont : Centre de Compétences Changement Climatique Maroc (4C Maroc), Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), KITE, et le Caribbean Community Climate Change Center (CCCCC).
Madagascar is well-‐known for its rich biodiversity and wealth of endemic species. However, it is expected that Madagascar will suffer especially from drought in climate change scenarios, with resulting impacts on ecosystems’ services and human well being.
The Third Environment Program Support Project aims at improving the protection, and sustainable management of critical biodiversity resources at the field level,mainstreaming conservation into macroeconomic management and sector programs, and establishing sustainable financing mechanisms.
The lack of improved water sources and adequate sanitation is a global problem. Lack of resources has resulted in 2.2 million fatalities every year due to diseases associated with these environmental conditions. Madagascar has very limited improved water sources (14% rural, 66% urban) and sanitation coverage (7.5% rural, 27% urban) (WaterAid 2006).
This report is a collection of case studies that highlight replicable best practices in the use of renewable energy for rural electrification. Examples cover a wide range of technologies, locations, financial support mechanisms, and consumer-tariff schemes.