Provision of modern energy services is in line with the strategic intervention pillars of the Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (PRGS) and Country Strategy Paper (CSP) for Lesotho (2008–12), which are, in turn, derived from the Lesotho’s Vision 2020.The Vision 2020 energy target is to have at least 35% of the population connected to electricity by 2015 (up from the current 20%), 40% by 2020 and to reduce the rate of wood use in national energy consumption.Lesotho Renewable Energy-Based Rural Electrification Project (LREBRE)Under the UNDP/GEF-supported LREBRE Project, a total of 5000 solar home systems (SHS) will be installed by 2012. Since the start of the project, a total of 1537 SHS with a capacity of 65 W have been installed, and an estimated 500 SHS have also been independently installed as a result of the project’s influence.The project’s main objective is to reduce Lesotho’s energy related CO2 emissions by promoting Renewable Energy Technologies (RETs) – in particular stand-alone solar PV systems for households – as an affordable substitute for fossil fuel-based energy sources in rural areas, which have a low load density and are remote from the national electricity grid. The activities proposed in the project, ranging from awareness-building and training for industry actors to support for the actual instalment of RET systems, were designed to remove critical barriers to the wide-scale utilization of RETs in rural areas and create the enabling environment for the long-term growth and sustainability of a market-based RET in Lesotho. The project is focused on MDG7 “Ensuring environmental sustainability” and supports the broader objectives of MDG1 “poverty reduction” through household income, health, education, gender, and the environment.In its endeavour to support and assist the development of the solar industry in Lesotho, the reactivation and support of the Lesotho Solar Energy Society (LESES) has beeen an important development. The benefits are not restricted to the users, but also extend to those participating in sales and, more particularly installation activities. It is estimated that by late 2010, more than 100 PV installers and/or dealers were registered with LESES, which represents a significant increase from the pre-LREBRE period when only a handful of small companies and individuals were engaged in PV system installations and/or sales. More than 80% of the solar dealers in Lesotho are now members of LESES. One of the most significant impacts has been the project’s indirect influence on the successful introduction of renewable energy policy targets. The project has, in 2008, ensured that renewable energy technologies were featured in the National Rural Electrification Master Plan, and that local PV installers are aware and trained on the use of the Lesotho PV Code of Practice. There has been access to imported solar components. Community participation and the establishment of cooperatives are being encouraged.