The National Energy Policy is consistent with objectives outlined in the Vision 2020 and the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). The long-term aim is to maximise efficient development and utilization of scarce energy resources to support economic development in an environmentally friendly way. The overall objectives are to:improve and expand energy systems through private sector partnership,promote a domestic fuel sub-sector, focusing on sustainable management of forests,widen access to modern forms of energy to stimulate development and reduce poverty,provide adequate security of energy supply, andstrengthen institutional and human resource capacity, and enhance research and development (R&D).The National Electricity Policy (2005) further promotes private sector participation in the electricity sector, and also sets out a framework for the licensing of private generation, transmission and distribution operators. In addition, a tariff approval model and set of guidelines were created. According to the National Energy Policy document, the aim of the RE sub-sector is to support sustainable development. The specific objectives are to: (i) promote renewable energy such as solar, wind and biomass, (ii) develop a domestic production capacity from RE fuels and technologies, and (iii) ensure the sustainable supply of RE fuels and technologies at competitive prices through private sector participation. The Policy also encourages the use of alternative fuels and technologies as a substitute for petroleum products by: (i) exploring the prospects of using gas, HFO, modern biomass (including bioenergy, groundnut shell and sawdust briquettes and bagasse) for energy generation, (ii) complementing the government’s fiscal incentives with donor assistance to promote the use of efficient fuels and technologies, (iii) continuing to provide fiscal incentives for fuel supply to the rural electrification project, and (iv) encouraging investment in efficient technologies for energy generation. To promote new and RE technologies, the following strategies are formulated: (i) popularise the use of solar PV, solar thermal and other RE systems, particularly in rural areas, (ii) facilitate local and international donor provision of grants, interest-free loans, and other fiscal incentives for renewable energy, including solar PV and thermal, wind and biomass systems, (iii) promote the use of solar water heaters in institutions, hotels and households, (iv) create awareness of the economic and environmental benefits of using RE technologies, (v) promote research and development of RE devices, (vi) encourage the production/assembly of RE devices in the Gambia, (vii) encourage utilization of efficient RE technologies by providing tax-free concessions(viii) encourage and support private sector participation in the development of RE fuels, devices and technologies, at competitive prices.