Réduction inconditionnelle de 18,2% des émissions du pays par rapport au scénario de référence à l’horizon 2030, soit environ 41 700 GgCO2e. Réduction conditionnelle de 71% des émissions du pays à l’horizon 2030, soit une réduction cumulée de 162 000 GgCO2e. Unconditional emissions reduction of 18.2% compared to the baseline in 2030, or about 41,700 GgCO2e. Conditional emissions reduction of 71% in 2030, or a cumulative reduction of 162,000 GgCO2e.
Across vast areas of the world, human activity has degraded once fertile and productive land. Deforestation, overgrazing, continuous farming and poor irrigation practices have affected almost 2 billion hectares worldwide, threatening the health and livelihoods of over one billion people. In this edition of New Agriculturist, a collection of articles explores some of the approaches and policies that can help to successfully rehabilitate degraded land.
This report presents lessons learned from readiness activities in the Republic of Congo towards reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries (REDD+). The report reveals progress in technical and scientific capacity building and institutional strengthening.
It is increasingly realised that mitigation and adaptation should not be pursued independently of each other but as complements. Integrating mitigation and adaptation into climate change concerns is not a completely new idea in the African Sahel where the local populations in this region, through their indigenous knowledge systems, have developed and implemented extensive mitigation and adaptation strategies that have enabled them to reduce their vulnerability to past climate variability and change.
Pastoralism is a free-range livestock production system. It is practised in all of Africa’s dryland regions, and in some communities it is the main source of food security and income. But will pastoralism survive in the changing climate? This issue of Joto Afrika provides research findings, lessons learnt and success stories from across Africa.Statistics from African Union’s policy framework show that pastoralism contribute between 10 to 44 percent of the Gross Domestic Product in the countries that they live in.
In many of the world's drylands, women's traditional knowledge of and roles in natural resource management and food security are crucial. Women across the developing world spend considerable proportions of their time using and preserving land for food and fuel production, and for generating income for their families and communities. They are therefore severely affected when erosion and diminished soil fertility result in decreased crop and livestock, productivity and reduced income derived from these products.
This report provides an assessment of methods for managing loads in the context of the isolated, village-scale mini-grid, which is typically limited in both generation capacity and finances. With limited generation capacity, some form of demand-side management (DSM) strategy or technology is required to maintain reliable electricity service and ensure equitable sharing of the resource among users. However, due to limited financial resources, any DSM measures applied must be cost-effective and appropriate to the particular mini-grid.
The Energy and Resources Institute, commonly known as TERI, established in 1974, is a research institute based in New Delhi focusing its research activities in the fields of energy, environment and sustainable development.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is an agency of the United Nations that coordinates its environmental activities, assisting developing countries in implementing environmentally sound policies and practices. Its headquarters are in the Gigiri neighborhood of Nairobi, Kenya. UNEP also has six regional offices and various country offices.