In Burkina Faso, renewable energy concerns mainly the use of the fuel wood. Indeed, at household level in peri-urban and rural areas, biomass is the primary energy source for cooking. Due to accelerating urbanization in recent decades, services in peri-urban areas are collapsing under the strain of rapid development, resulting in an uncontrolled sanitation and household energy insecurity. However, the further development of renewable energy technologies is only marginally supported by the government, despite its significant potential.Solar energyAccording to a study by the Research Institute of Applied Sciences and Technology (IRSAT) and the Direction of National Meteorology (DMN), the average potential is high, estimated at 5.5 kWh/m2/day for 3,000 to 3,500 hours per annum. Currently, photovoltaic solar systems are used for refrigeration, water pumping, communication, lighting, video and television.Wind energyDue to the western location of Burkina Faso, the potential for wind power is very limited. The average wind speed ranges between 1 and 3 m/s, with the maximum only obtained in the North. However, small-scale generators at suitable sites and for selective purposes (e.g. water pumping, desalination systems etc.) might be feasible.Biomass energyIn many provinces of Burkina Faso, especially in the Sudano-Sahelian and Sudanian Zone, sufficient biomass resources are available. The production of biomass resources is particularly substantial in the forest areas of the East, West and Southwest.Geothermal energyNo study has been conducted as to the geothermal potential of Burkina Faso.HydropowerA survey of hydroelectric sites by the Centre National d’Equipement Hydraulique (EDFSONABEL, National Centre of Hydraulic Equipment) examined large and small scale hydroelectric sites. The capacity ranges between 65 and 550 kW with 5 to 15 GWh/year, and 550 to 1,700 kW with at least 5 GWh/year. The study shows that the hydropower potential of rural areas is sufficient for decentralised electricity production. The study identifies some sites where the estimated production cost range between CFAF 100 (US $0.19) and CFAF 175 (US $0.33) per kWh, and several others with estimated costs of at least CFAF 200 (US $0.38) per kWh. Hydroelectricity utilisation covers about 20% of the national electric consumption (incl. imports from Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire).