The Government of Botswana regards climate change as a significant threat, as the country is experiencing increased variability in both temperature and rainfall. Botswana is therefore developing a climate change policy, strategy and action plan. The country aims to take into consideration newer technologies that have entered the market since Botswana completed its 2004 Technology Needs Assessment and incorporate these as it develops a legally binding framework for action.
Diarrheal disease is an important health challenge, accounting for the majority of childhood deaths globally. Climate change is expected to increase the global burden of diarrheal disease but little is known regarding climate drivers, particularly in Africa. This study uses health data from Botswana spanning a 30-year period (1974–2003) to evaluate monthly reports of diarrheal disease among patients presented to Botswana's health facilities; this data was then compared with climatic variables.
Botswana is water scarce, with endemic drought and varied rainfall. In order to meet increases in water demand efficiently and sustainably, greater policy coherence and implementation is needed. The government acknowledges the principles of integrated water resources management (IWRM), but this is largely rhetorical. Water management is still centralised and stakeholder participation is often non-existent.
This report reviews the off-grid lighting market in Africa. According to the report, market growth for clean, off-grid lighting has beaten expectations over the past two years, and growth is expected to continue, with the market size in 2015 doubling what was predicted in 2010. The report notes that lighting products have improved dramatically with more charging options now available. In addition, it reports that new payment options are emerging and new actors are entering the market.
According to this study, water abstraction and reservoir building in the upstream countries are expected to reduce and/or redistribute the available flows for the Okavango Delta ecosystem. To study the impacts of upstream and local interventions, a large-scale (1-km2 grid), coupled surface water/groundwater model was developed. Scenarios were designed to study major upstream and local interventions and their expected impacts in the Delta. The scenarios" results can help decision makers strike a balance between environmental and human water demands in the basin.
This report evaluate the state of preparedness for climate change adaptation in southern Africa. It is aimed at supporting the demands of state and non-state southern African actors for climate change adaptation finance and the efficient administration of such funds. The report details the findings of a desk study evaluating the state of knowledge on climate change vulnerability and adaptation preparedness in Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe currently has no specific policy responseto climate change.