Solar energyThe solar energy potential of Benin varies between 3.9 kWh/m² and 6.2 kWh/m². Currently, 448 kW of PV installations are operational, primarily for villages, health centres, and telecommunications, funded by the government or the Islamic Development Bank.Wind energyAccording to the National Meteorological Office, the wind speed varies between 3 and 6 m/s. More detailed information is not available; therefore it is not possible to give a complete overview of the existing potential.Biomass energyThe potential of wood energy includes contributions generated through National Reforestation Campaigns, as well as allocations of the National Wood Resources Office. The objective of the dedicated firewood project is to increase the supply of wood energy by enlarging plantations in the south of Benin. Besides traditional wood energy, a substantial potential of about 5 million tons is identified from agricultural residues.There are currently only a few production capacities for ethanol. For example, the Benin sugar plant, operated by “Sucrerie Complant du Bénin“ (SUCOBE), produces 40,000 tons of sugar and 4,200 m³ of ethanol per year. The YUEKEN Benin International plant has an output of 3,000 m³ of ethanol per year, derived from cassava. Due to the missing distribution infrastructure this production is not used for energy or transport purposes.BiofuelsVarious oils like pourghère, castor, palm, cotton, soy and peanut oils could be used for the production of biodiesel. In Benin there are few plants that can process vegetable oil to transport fuels. Two installations with a combined capacity of 210,000 tons are located in Bohicon. Furthermore, there is a palm oil plant in Hinvi. The capacities of these plants are not fully exploited, with currently only 30% being used.The utilization of ethanol at an admixture rate of 15 % will create a market for roughly 33 million litres per annum. A recent survey identified a potential of 116 million litres in 2015 and 229 million litres in 2020. If the market of the European Union is taken into account, these figures are even higher.Geothermal energyNo study has been conducted into geothermal potential of Benin. The country has little change in elevation, and little active volcanism, suggesting a low potential.HydropowerBenin has a significant potential for hydropower. A recent survey shows the Oueme River is sufficient for twenty sites with a total capacity of 760 MW, and annual output of more than 280 GWh. Approximately 80 other sites are equipped with small-scale hydro installations for rural electrification.