The geographic location of Algeria means it has the potential to play an important strategic role in the implementation of renewable energy technology in the north of Africa, providing sufficient energy for its own needs and even exporting it to countries as far as Europe. A report by the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) suggests countries such as Algeria could one day export solar energy to markets in Europe, as it becomes connected to European energy networks. The report also says that within 20 years solar power could provide the same amount of electricity as 72 coal-fired power stations. This is enough to supply 100 million people, or the combined populations of Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia and Libya.Solar energyThe Algerian Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM) states that “the biggest potential in Algeria is for solar”, with data from the World Energy Council confirming the Sahara region to have the most potential. Annual average insolation is 2,000 hours with the high plateaus receiving about 3,900 hours. This gives an average solar energy of 6.57 kWh/m2/day.The development of solar energy plants is supported by the MEM and realised mainly by Sonelgaz and other private installer companies. The solar energy is regarded as an important line of research within the structure of the department of renewable energies of Sonelgaz.Wind energyWind energy is feasible where the average wind velocity is higher than 5–6 m/s. Algeria has substantial plans to develop their wind energy potential. Studies of indigenous wind resources in Algeria, performed in recent years by the Algerian Centre for Renewable Energy Development (CDER, http://www.cder.dz/) , show that the climatic conditions in Algeria are favourable for wind energy utilisation. The wind map established by the MEM shows that 50% of the country’s surface receives a high average wind speed. The best wind energy potential is in the South, especially in the South-Western region where the wind velocity is higher than 6m/s.The wind resource has also been assessed by the developer, Sonelgaz, and at present, there are six pilot projects for electrification and telecommunication which are identified and quantified. These are Adrar, Tindouf, bordj Badji Mokhtar, Bechar, Tamanrassat and Djanet. The installation, by Sonelgaz, of nine assessment stations in different regions of Algeria is the next step in accelerating the use of wind power.Biomass energyThe biomass potentially offers great promise, with 3.7 Mtoe coming from forests and 1.33 Mtoe per year coming from agricultural and urban wastes (approximately 365 kg of urban waste per Algerian); however this potential is not enhanced and consumed yet. A preliminary survey showed the feasibility of production of electricity by modals of 2MW, that can reach a peak of 6MW, from the discharge of Oued Smar in Algiers. The study integrates the drainage of the site.Geothermal energyGeothermic energy hot springs are numerous but not yet exploited for industrial ends. More than 200 geothermal sources were counted and recorded by CDER, one third of which have temperatures superior to 45˚C. The highest temperatures registered were 98˚C and 118˚C in Hamam El Maskhoutin and Biskra, respectively, situated in the western part of the country. In terms of power production, geothermal potential is in range of 700 MW.HydropowerRestricted rainfall, high levels of evaporation and quick evacuation to the sea are barriers to the uptake of hydropower. However, 103 dam sites have been recorded, primarily in the North. More than 50 dams are currently operational and the combined capacity of the largest 13 dams is roughly 269 MW.