As a landlocked country, Mali is one of the most vulnerable countries to climate stress due to its socio-economic status, geographic location and climate-sensitive economy. Two thirds of the country is located in the arid Sahara and semi-arid Sahel. Mali is exposed to recurrent extreme events, including severe droughts with variable rainfall and catastrophic floods.
Agriculture is the main source of livelihoods in Mali, employing about 75% of the population and accounting for about 50% of the country's gross domestic product (GDP). Despite this heavy dependence on agriculture, only 14% of the country's land is considered suitable for agriculture, making sustainable land management a major challenge.
The overall objective of this technical assistance will be to promote wider use of agrometeorological services to improve data availability, climate forecasting, early warning, adaptation planning and decision making in the agricultural sector. In the medium and long term, this project aims to reduce climate risks in agricultural production, thereby improving food supply and livelihood security.
The specific objectives of this technical assistance are as follows:
- To define, select, develop and implement in a pilot commune a "weather and climate information service system" to support decision-making in the agricultural sector.
- Ensure that information on future weather conditions is relevant and timely to support strategic and tactical crop management decisions.
- Ensure capacity building for both system administrators and system users.
- Define a plan to expand the system to other communes