To provide support and training in the Gold Standard for CDM to increase the supply of quality energy efficiency and renewable energy projects accessing carbon markets.
In 2012 China’s government tasked the textile sector to reduce energy intensity 20% by 2015 compared with 2010 levels. During that year an earlier REEEP-funded project with Azure International created a capacity-raising energy efficiency programme which brought together the China National Textile and Apparel Council (CNTAC) four leading brands (Levi Strauss adidas group H&M and GAP) the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and 13 textile suppliers.
Over the past two decades a wide variety of institutions have conducted research on reforming China’s power system including the World Bank’s research on this in 1990s the Energy Foundation’s Power Sector Reform Report in 2002 and other reports on splitting grids and building micro-grids in 2002 and 2003.
To make policy recommendations for a climate-friendly electricity pricing scheme in China; one in which tariffs would be determined by a sound combination of economic and environmental considerations
Financial and market-based mechanisms offer a route to increase take-up of energy efficiency measures in buildings. While market based mechanisms, principally the Clean Development Mechanism, have acted as a trigger in the development of many large, industrial scale energy efficiency projects in China, there has not been, as yet, a similar uptake of projects involving energy efficiency improvements to buildings.
As the prices of both land and labour rise in China facility-based agriculture is beginning to gain momentum. Rather than growing food in open fields Chinese farmers are increasingly likely to use greenhouses and other covered facilities for cultivation. In 2010 there were more than 3.5 million acres in use for facility agriculture and this is expected to grow by a further 50% by 2020.
Nicaragua is an energy-poor and agriculture-dependent country. While the cattle and dairy sector is a dominating force among the country’s agricultural sectors, its productive output is remarkably low compared to that of neighbouring countries. Inefficient herding and farm management leads to hygiene issues, high loss of livestock and low production. Most small scale farmers lack access to modern energy. The sector is in dire need of productivity improvements to remain competitive in the region.
Nicaragua, one of Central America’s poorest countries, increasingly suffers from droughts and unstable weather conditions, hampering yields and output of smallholder farmers dependent on agriculture for livelihood. While only up to 10% of arable land is irrigated, Nicaragua requires sustainable solutions for the sector to tackle water scarcity, improve production and food security, and reduce GHG emissions from inefficient and poor farming practices.
Roadmap for the development of wind in China. Translation from Chinese. Includes review of industry and international experience. Analysis of Chinese wind resources, market and barriers. Proposal of targets and roadmap until 2050.