Sri Lanka intends to reduce the GHG emissions against Business-As-Usual scenario unconditionally by 7% (Energy sector 4%, and 3% from other sectors) and conditionally 23% (Energy sector 16% and 7% from other sectors) by 2030. Sri Lanka submits its INDCs under four areas: mitigation, adaptation, lost and damage, and means of implementation.
Malaysia intends to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions intensity of GDP by 45% by 2030 relative to the emissions intensity of GDP in 2005. This consist of 35% on an unconditional basis and a further 10% is condition upon receipt of climate finance, technology transfer and capacity building from developed countries.The INDC also includes a section on adaptation.
Chile’s intended contribution to the UNFCCC objective is based on the country’s current situation and is based on five basic pillars: i. Mitigation, ii. Adaptation, iii. Capacity Building and Strengthening, iv. Technology Development and Transfer, and v. Financing.
The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis proposes an emissions reduction target of 22% and 35% of St. Kitts and Nevis GHG emissions projected in the business as usual (BAU) scenario for 2025 and 2030 respectively.The INDC also includes an Adaptation Contribution.
Emission reductions from projected emissions resulting from the deviation of BAU emissions for the year 2030 based on policies /actions conditional on availability of international support for finance, technology and capacity building. The INDC also includes a section on Adaptation.
Brunei Darussalam’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions are summarised as follows: i. Energy sector: to reduce total energy consumption by 63% by 2035 compared to a Business-AsUsual (BAU) scenario and to increase the share of renewables so that 10% of the total power generation is sourced from renewable energy by 2035 ii. Land Transport sector: to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from morning peak hour vehicle use by 40% by 2035 compared to a business as usual scenario. iii.
Angola plans to reduce GHG emissions up to 35% unconditionally by 2030 as compared to the Business As Usual (BAU) scenario (base year 2005). In addition, it is expected that through a conditional mitigation scenariothe country could reduce an additional 15% below BAU emission levels by 2030. In achieving its unconditional and conditional targets Angola expects to reduce its emissions trajectory by nearly 50% below the BAU scenario by 2030 at overall cost of over 14.7billion USD.
Unconditional contribution In the event an ambitious, comprehensive legally binding global agreement is reached at COP21 in Paris, Nigeria will make an unconditional contribution of 20 per cent below BAU that is consistent with the current development trends and government policy priorities. The policies and measures that will deliver these savings are cost-effective, even at the currenthigh interest rate, which constrains investment.
Tuvalu commits to reduction of emissions of green-house gases from the electricity generation (power) sector, by 100%, ie almost zero emissions by 2025. Tuvalu’s indicative quantified economy-wide target for a reduction in total emissions of GHGs from the entire energy sector to 60% below 2010 levels by 2025. These emissions will be further reduced from the other key sectors, agriculture and waste, conditional upon the necessary technology and finance.
Jamaica’s intended nationally determined contribution covers actions in the energy sector (IPCC source category 1) which will unconditionally mitigate the equivalent of 1.1 million metric tons of carbon dioxide per year by 2030 versus the BAU scenario. This is a reduction of 7.8% of emissions versus BAU.Jamaica will conditionally increase its ambition to a reduction of GHG emissions of 10% below the BAU scenario, subject to the provision of international support.The INDC also includes a section on adaptation.
In line with Niue’s resilience approach to reduce dependence on imported fossil fuels, Niue will achieve a 38% share of renewable energy of total electricity generation by 2020. (In 2014 the renewable energy share was 2% and this contribution assumes assistance to address critical grid stability issues). This will in part be delivered by a 10% reduction in residential, commercial and government electricity demand by 2020.
New Zealand commits to reduce GHG emissions to 30% below 2005 levels by 2030. (This responsibility target corresponds to a reduction of 11% from 1990 levels.) New Zealand’s INDC will remain provisional pending confirmation of the approaches to be taken in accounting for the land sector, and confirmation of access to carbon markets.
Please note that the INDC was submitted only in Arabic. WRI did its best to translate the INDC language. If any errors are identified, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.orgThe State of Kuwait will operate under Business as Usual for the period of 2020-2035, and has not set specific reduction requirements. Instead, through projects and legislation, Kuwait will continue to build its economy in the context of sustainable development. Therefore Kuwait puts great importance on diversifying its sources of energy for production.
The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) commits to reduce GHGs emission in percentage terms on a base year target. Unconditional: The FSM commits to unconditionally reduce by 2025 a 28% its GHGs emissions below emissions in year 2000. Conditional: Similarly, subject to the availability of additional financial, technical and capacity building support from the international community, the FSM could do by 2025 an additional reduction up to 35% below emissions in the 2000 base year.The INDC also includes a section on adaptation.