Connecting countries to climate technology solutions
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CTCN Consortium

Relation to CTCN:
Knowledge Partner

Contributions

  • Vulnerability, Risk Reduction, and Adaptation to Climate Change: Solomon Islands

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    This country profile synthesizes relevant data and information for disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change, and it is designed as a quick reference source for development practitioners to better integrate climate resilience in development planning and operations. Sections in the profile include a climate baseline and climate future; climate change impacts on natural hazard vulnerability; sectoral climate risk reduction recommendations; existing adaptation framework/strategy/policy and institutional setup; and research, data and information gaps.

  • Potential Net Benefits from Improved Energy Efficiency of Key Electrical Products: The Case of India, with Extension to South Asia, the Middle East, and Africa

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    The report estimates the net benefits that cost-effective improvements in energy efficiency can bring to developing countries. The study focuses on four major electrical products in the world"s second largest developing country, India. These products - refrigerators, room air conditioners, electric motors, and distribution transformers - are important targets for efficiency improvement in India and in other developing countries.

  • Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)-Enabled Remote Monitoring of Rural Handpumps: A Proof-of-Concept Study

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    This paper reports on the design and testing of a new water-point data transmitter that can provide reliable real-time data on hand pump usage to address this information deficit. Using a low-cost integrated-circuit based accelerometer, the transmitter automatically monitors the number of strokes made in operating a hand pump, and then transmits this information over the Global System for Mobile Communications network.

  • Technology Roadmap: Solar Photovoltaic Energy

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    Key findings:

    Since 2010, the world has added more solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity than in the previous four decades. Total global capacity overtook 150 gigawatts (GW) in early 2014

    The geographical pattern of deployment is rapidly changing. While a few European countries, led by Germany and Italy, initiated large-scale PV development, since 2013, the People’s Republic of China has led the global PV market, followed by Japan and the United States

    PV system prices have been divided by three in six years in most markets, while module prices have been divided by five

  • Evaluating Public Transit Benefits and Costs

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    This guidebook describes how to create a comprehensive framework for evaluating the full impacts of a particular transit service or improvement. It discusses best practices for transit evaluation and identifies common errors that distort results. Many of the techniques in this guide can be used to evaluate other modes, such as ridesharing, cycling and walking.

  • Climate Change and Response

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    Recent scientific developments indicate that climate change may be a far greater problem than previously feared. Climate change is on every country"s agenda, so what does it mean for organizations in the Asia Pacific region?

  • Climate Change: Energy Infrastructure Risks and Adaptation Efforts

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    This report examines (1) what is known about potential impacts of climate change on U.S. energy infrastructure, (2) measures that can reduce climate-related risks and adapt energy infrastructure to climate change and (3) the role of the federal government in adapting energy infrastructure and adaptation steps selected federal entities have taken.

  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies

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    The climate modeling program at GISS is primarily aimed at the development of coupled atmosphere-ocean models for simulating Earth's climate system. Primary emphasis is placed on investigation of climate sensitivity --globally and regionally--including the climate system's response to diverse forcings such as solar variability, volcanoes, anthropogenic and natural emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols and paleo-climate changes.

  • NASA's Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)

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    The GCMD holds more than 29,000 Earth science dataset and service descriptions, which cover subject areas within the Earth and environmental sciences.Í The project mission is to assist researchers, policymakers and the public in the discovery of and access to data, related services and ancillary information (which includes descriptions of instruments and platforms) relevant to global change and Earth science research.Í Within this mission, the directory also offers online authoring tools to providers of data and services, facilitating the capability to make their products available to the E

  • Effects of a Special Solar Collector Greenhouse on Water Balance, Fruit Quantity and Fruit Quality Of Tomatoes

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    To reverse the water deficit problems induced by the variable and changing climate, a new agronomic approach was developed to produce tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in a sustainable way by using a special solar collector greenhouse consisting of finned tube heat exchangers on the quantity and quality of fruit, water use efficiency and water balance.

  • Agroforestry Systems in a Changing Climate: Challenges in Projecting Future Performance

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    Agroforestry systems are complex assemblages of ecosystem components, each of which responds to climate. Whereas climate change impacts on crops grown in monocultures can reasonably well be projected with process-based crop models, robust models for complex agroforestry systems are not available. Yet, impact projections are needed because of the long planning horizons required for adequate management of tree-based ecosystems.

  • Private Sector Initiative (PSI) - Database of Actions on Adaptation

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    This online database of case studies has been developed under the Private Sector Initiative (PSI) of the Nairobi work programme, and features good practices and profitable climate change adaptation activities being undertaken by private companies (sometimes in partnership with NGOs or the public sector) from a wide range of regions and sectors.

  • Practical Action

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    Practical Action uses technology to challenge poverty in developing countries. Practical Action uses low cost, appropriate, small-scale development solutions to help people to help themselves. Activities are always people focused, locally relevant and environmentally sensitive. They provide a number of case studies and practical solutions from around the world.

  • Observatory for Renewable Energy in Latin America and the Caribbean

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    The Observatory for Renewable Energy in LAC aims at joining efforts inside and outside the region to increase the presence of renewable energy in the region of Latin America and the Caribbean. The Observatory for Renewable Energy in LAC is therefore a tool that has set up the basis for the coordination and integration as well as the development and adoption of initiatives in LAC countries to meet the challenge of guaranteeing energy security in the region based on renewable energy sources.

  • An Innovative Remote Sensing Based Reference Evapotranspiration Method to Support Irrigation Water Management Under Semi-Arid Conditions

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    Reference evapotranspiration (ETo) is an essential component of irrigation water management due to it being a basic input for estimating crop water requirements. A new alternative approach called MA + LSE based on the Makkink-Advection (MAK-Adv) equation in combination with remotely sensed solar radiation and a numerical weather forecast of near surface air temperature has provided good estimates of ETo under different weather conditions in a semi-arid region located in Southern Spain, without requiring local meteorological data.

  • Africa Adaptation Programme

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    This website offers reports and a map of Africa with country-specific information. Users can specify this search filters to find external reports and web pages about climate change adaptation and mitigation for select African countries. Some of the reports are available in Portuguese, in addition to French and English. The website does not contain information for every African country.

  • Adaptation Fund

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    The Adaptation Fund is a financial instrument under the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol (KP) and has been established to finance concrete adaptation projects and programmes in developing country Parties to the KP, in an effort to reduce the adverse effects of climate change facing communities, countries and sectors. The Fund is financed with a share of proceeds from Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) project activities as well as through voluntary pledges of donor governments.

  • CommunityViz

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    CommunityViz planning software is an extension for ArcGIS Desktop. Planners, resource managers, local and regional governments, and many others use CommunityViz to help them make decisions about development, land use, transportation, conservation and more. A GIS-based decision-support tool, CommunityViz "shows" you the implications of different plans and choices.

  • Board on Environmental Change and Society: National Academy of Sciences

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    This mission of the Board on Environmental Change and Society (BECS) is to "increase problem-focused understanding of coupled human-environment systems" and "inform transitions to improved human well-being in the face of environmental change." BECS evolved from the Committee on Human Dimensions of Global Change, which helped guide research on the interactions of human activities and the environment, and also provided a forum for linking the social and natural sciences in research, planning and decision-making.