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World Intellectual Property Organization

Network member number:
N0004
Acronym:
WIPO
Address:
34, Chemin des Combattants 1211 Geneva 20 Switzerland
Relation to CTCN:
Network Member
Knowledge Partner
CTCN Keyword Matches:
Type of organisation:
Intergovernmental organisation

WIPO is the global forum for intellectual property services, policy, information and cooperation. It is a self-funding agency of the United Nations, with 187 member states. WIPO’s mission is to lead the development of a balanced and effective international intellectual property (IP) system that enables innovation and creativity for the benefit of all. The mandate of the organization, governing bodies and procedures are set out in the WIPO Convention, which established WIPO in 1967.

Organisation name (local):
Organisation mondiale de la propriété intellectuelle
Acronym (local):
OMPI
Active in:
Worldwide

Contributions

  • Two phase process to produce liquid organic fertilizer from plant material

    Type: 
    Product
    Technology:

    Background: The technology described here is a method and apparatus to produce liquid organic fertilizer from plant material by using a two-phase process. The first phase uses a continuous extraction process where liquid leachate (water solution with bacteria) is repeatedly filled and drained from a storage container until the process of chemical decomposition is over. It takes approximately fourteen days to complete the first stage.

  • Low Impact Development (LID) solutions system called Drainage Block

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:

    This invention is a Low Impact Development (LID) solutions system called Drainage Block that is effective for retention of rainfall on paved areas in average as well as in extreme conditions. The system is developed for roof runoff but the general idea can also be applied to delay runoff from roads parking lots and in small canals. The Drainage Block is very well applicable in a modular system. Modular application in large paved areas will create nearly endless possibilities to spread the runoff from rainstorm events.

  • Transgene Conferring Plant Resistance To Microbial Pathogens

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:

    Soil-borne fungal pathogens from the genus Fusaria limit the cultivation of more than a hundred plant species including bananas cotton tomato potato and sugar beet. The pathogens causing Fusarium wilt invade and colonize plant roots which leads to rotting. Present methods for the control of soil-born fungi include: breeding for resistance (if feasible) soil fumigation with volatile chemicals and solarization. There is currently no effective method to control Fusarium wilt and the fungus is highly resistant to fungicides.

  • Disease Resistant Soft Winter Wheat Cultivars

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:
    Technology:

    Diseases in crops are a major struggle for farmers and cause devastating yield losses annually particularly in edible foodgrains such as rice wheat and maize. Fusarium head blight and yellow dwarf virus are the two largest diseases in wheat crops. According to the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) the damage from these two diseases in US wheat crops is estimated to be $1 billion dollars per year. Yellow dwarf is the most widely distributed and destructive of the wheat viruses.

  • Improved Bioremediation of Soils Contaminated with Toxic Metals Using Transgenic Plants Overexpressing Phytochelatan Synthetase

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:
    Technology:

    There are currently few satisfactory choices for the rectification of toxic or radioactive metal contamination of soils. On a small scale contaminated areas may be restored by physical removal of surface layers followed by appropriate disposition (usually remote burial) of the material and re-landscaping to restore the site. On a large scale this approach is infeasible and the alternative is to abandon the land for a prolonged period or permanently restricting access or uses.

  • Regulation Of Light- And Circadian-Associated Plant Developmental Processes

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:

    The life cycle of higher plants consists of two major phases the vegetative phase and the reproductive (flowering) phase. In general plants store matter and energy in the form of carbohydrate reserves during the vegetative phase and then mobilize these reserves in the development of flowers fruit and seeds during the reproductive phase which is often triggered by various light- and circadian-related factors.

  • Microbial removal of lead from soil

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:
    Technology:

    The presence of lead kills most bacteria making it impossible to bioremediate soil contaminated with lead. This bacterium is able t o survive and bioconcentrate lead on or in its membrane which probably allows it to survive as well as to remove lead from contaminated soils The use of a bacteria for on-site remediation of soils by accessing the soil to a bioreactor with encapsulated bacterium that can be separated later to the soils or using a membrane to immobilize the bacterium. This is a soil organism which will survive in the soil at pHs of soils (around 4).

  • Rutgers Hyperion - Dogwood

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:

    Hyperion® is a distinct variety of dogwood tree that it is the result of crossing two varieties (Cornus kousa x Cornus florida hybrid and Cornus kousa). Its large creamy white flowers almost completely cover the tree in an overlapping manner. Attractive strawberry-like fruit are also produced and leaf colors range from a glossy dark green in the summer months to shades of yellow purple and orange during the fall months. Growth is very vigorous with dense branching low to the ground and upright branches.

  • Identification and Uses of Iron and other divalent cations transporters

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:

    Iron deficiency afflicts over 3 billion people worldwide and plants are the principal source of iron in most diets. In response to iron deficiency all plants except the grasses induce Fe(III) chelate reductase activity Fe(II) transport activity and proton release into the rhizosphere. Dartmouth researchers have identified an Arabidopsis mutant frd3 that constitutively expresses all three of these iron deficiency responses. Therefore it is tempting to speculate that FRD3 encodes a regulatory factor involved in sensing and/or responding to iron levels in Arabidopsis.

  • Nitrate-Responsive Synthetic Promoter Produces Nitrate-Regulated Gene Expression in Plants

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:
    Technology:

    Summary: Inorganic nitrogen is a vital nutrient for plants. Soil nitrate provides as much as 90 percent of the nitrogen taken up by most plants and leads to a dramatic change in gene expression which is critical to direct the productivity and survival of the plant. Consequently nitrate is commonly provided by way of fertilizer to improve crop yield. However many crop plants are inefficient in their ability to utilize the nitrogen. For example corn and wheat typically only utilize 50 percent of the nitrogen applied to the soil and paddy rice may recoup as little as 30 percent.

  • System for Calculating the Spatial-Temporal Effects of Environmental Conditions on Animals

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:
    Technology:

    Current changes in global climate land use and other human activities such as the increased use of pesticides can have a negative impact on the well being of animals. UW-Madison researchers have developed an accurate method to predict and thereby diminish or even prevent these negative effects. Their system uses an integrated set of models to incorporate all the conditions needed to accurately predict how animals (both ectotherms and endotherms) will react to changes in their surroundings.

  • Environmentally Safe Ant Control Compound

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:

    The destruction that both fire and leaf cutter ants are capable of can be devastating. As such researchers at the Virginia Military Institute (VMI) have identified novel compounds to control these ant populations. This compound is naturally-occurring and can be used safely in populated and sensitive areas. The United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service has worked with VMI to study the functionality of this compound which has led to increased findings validating the importance of this compound in mating patterns in a number of ant species.

  • Remote Sensing of Subsurface Soil Moisture

    Type: 
    Product
    Objective:

    Researchers at Purdue University have developed an instrument/software that allows remote sensing of surface soil moisture from an airborne instrument using reflective electromagnetic radiation. This can provide the most efficient method to collect measurements and survey an entire field with high spatial density in a short period of time. It makes use of lower-frequency signals which are required to penetrate the soil. Resolution is determined only by the frequency of the signal, under the assumption of a near-specular reflection, not the antenna size.