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World Intellectual Property Organization
This invention is a Low Impact Development (LID) solutions system called Drainage Block that is effective for retention of rainfall on paved areas in average as well as in extreme conditions. The system is developed for roof runoff but the general idea can also be applied to delay runoff from roads parking lots and in small canals. The Drainage Block is very well applicable in a modular system. Modular application in large paved areas will create nearly endless possibilities to spread the runoff from rainstorm events.
The EcoSan waterless toilet is a sanitation system that converts human waste into dehydrated compostable material. The waste can then be used as compost or disposed of at a traditional waste management facility. The EcoSan requires neither water nor sewer access to function. It eliminates the cost and infrastructural barriers associated with the installation of sewer and water systems while removing the negative health and environmental effects of open defecation. It is particularly relevant to improving sanitation in rural communities
Background: This light-weight hand-held mechanical microfluidic device is designed to perform complex protocols in low resource settings without a power source or external control element. Developed by researchers in Prof. Manu Prakash’s laboratory the system uses an interchangeable punch card tape to both pump the fluid and direct its flow. This general purpose technology can be used in single phase and multi-phase microfluidics for diagnostic medical device or environmental monitoring applications.