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The Netherlands Organisation for Applied Scientific Research

Country of registration:
Acronym:
TNO
Relation to CTCN:
Consortium Partner
Knowledge Partner
CTCN Keyword Matches:
Sector(s) of expertise

TNO is an independent research organisation which connects people and knowledge to create innovations that boost the competitive strength of industry and the well-being of society in a sustainable way. This is our mission and it is what drives us, the over 3,400 professionals at TNO, in our work every day. We work in collaboration with partners and focus on nine domains.

Organisation name (local):
Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland
Acronym (local):
TNO
Active in:
Worldwide

    Contributions

    • Technology of Photovoltaic Solar Cell Design and Manufacturing

      Type: 
      Technical Assistance
      Date of submission:
      Phase:
      Completed
      Countries:
      Objective:
      Sectors:
      Cross-sectoral enabler:

      This Technology Transfer Advances Iran's

      • Nationally Determined Contribution to mitigate Iran's GHG emissions in 2030 by 4% compared to the Business As Usual scenario through development of e.g. renewable energies. 
      • Iran's Renewable Energy Roadmap (2014)

      Context

      CTCN is assisting Iran to move towards building the country's first solar photovoltaic cell pilot manufacturing plant  and building up the necessary associated capacity of the national photovoltaic industry.

    • Introduction to Climate Technologies for Mitigation: The role of climate technologies in reducing greenhouse gas emissions across sectors

      Type: 
      Webinar
      Date and time:
      Wednesday, April 8, 2015 - Wednesday, April 8, 2015 Europe/Copenhagen

      What can climate technologies do across all sectors to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that cause climate change?  Welcome to our fifth webinar in our new series. Join our CTCN Consortium Partner Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) for this introductory webinar on climate technologies for mitigation. 

    • Technical assistance on the design and construction of a ground-based photovoltaic plant of 1MW rated capacity

      Type: 
      Technical Assistance
      Date of submission:
      Phase:
      Completed
      Countries:
      Objective:
      Sectors:

      This Technology Transfer Advances Algeria's

      Le contexte

      L’Algérie a adopté en 2011 un vaste programme des énergies renouvelables et de l’efficacité énergétique (PEREE). Ce dernier, mis à jour en 2015, vise la production de 22.000 MW d’électricité d’origine renouvelable à l’horizon 2030, dont plus de 60% (13.575MW) serait d’origine solaire photovoltaïque (figure 1).

    • Small-scale Combined Heat and power

      Type: 
      Technology
      Objective:

      Co-generation is the combined production of useful thermal energy and electricity (Combined Heat and Power, CHP) from the same primary fuel. CHP can take on many forms and encompasses a range of technologies, but will always be based upon an efficient, integrated system that combines electricity production and heat recovery. By using the heat output from the electricity production for heating or industrial applications, CHP plants generally convert 75-80% of the fuel source into useful energy, while the most modern CHP plants reach efficiencies of 90% or more (IPCC, 2007).

    • Large-scale Combined Heat and Power

      Type: 
      Technology
      Objective:

      Co-generation is the combined production of useful thermal energy and electricity (Combined Heat and Power, CHP) from the same primary fuel. CHP can take on many forms and encompass a range of technologies, but will always be based upon an efficient, integrated system that combines electricity production and heat recovery. By using the heat output from the electricity production for heating or industrial applications, CHP plants generally convert 75-80% of the fuel source into useful energy, while the most modern CHP plants reach efficiencies of 90% or more (IPCC, 2007).

    • Smart grid

      Type: 
      Technology
      Objective:

      The smart grid is the state-­‐of-­‐the-­‐art technology for electrical system that can sensibly execute the operations to all interconnected elements -­‐ from generator to consumers. Smart grid simply converts the conventional power grid towards the modern grid in order to regulate sustainable, economic and reliable electricity (Massoud &Wollenberg, 2005 and Gellings, 2009). Smart grid intelligently executes operations from primary and secondary generators through the transmission and distribution network to the different types of consumers.

    • Heating- Ventilation and Air Conditioning

      Type: 
      Technology
      Objective:

      Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems supply fresh air and condition the indoor air temperature and humidity of a building. HVAC is reported as the key energy user (37%) in US buildings (WBCSD, 2008), accounting for 59% of the energy used in China commercial buildings in 2000 (Levine et al., 2007). Therefore, HVAC is a key component of climate change mitigation potential in the building sector.

    • Efficient air conditioning systems

      Type: 
      Technology
      Objective:

      Cooling is becoming a rapidly emerging demand in developing countries, which signifies that the building design and shell measures need to reduce cooling loads, and the efficiency of air-conditioning will need to be improved. Air conditioning systems are implemented in numerous sectors, namely buildings, industry and transport. They are distinguished in two main categories, room air conditioners and central air conditioners.

    • Pulverised Coal Combustion with higher efficiency

      Type: 
      Technology
      Sectors:
      Objective:

      Pulverised coal power plants account for about 97% of the world's coal-fired capacity. The conventional types of this technology have an efficiency of around 35%. For a higher efficiency of the technology supercritical and ultra-supercritical coal-fired technologies have been developed. These technologies can combust pulverised coal and produce steam at higher temperatures and under a higher pressure, so that an efficiency level of 45% can be reached (ultra-supercritical plants).

    • Energy efficient refrigerators

      Type: 
      Technology
      Objective:

      Refrigerators are used in households across the world to store food at a temperature of about 3 to 5 °C (37 to 41 °F) in order prevent it from spoiling. This technology description focuses on refrigerators for residential use and on energy efficiency performance only. It does not take into account potential GHG effects caused by the refrigerant.

    • Energy Savings in buildings

      Type: 
      Technology
      Objective:

      Technologies and measures which are aimed at reducing the use of energy in buildings could have several advantages, such as lower energy bills, increasing comfort of living or working, and reduced impact on the environment, including reduction of CO2 emissions. The options considered for energy savings particularly leading to CO2 emission reductions include the following:

    • Integrated gasification combined-cycle

      Type: 
      Technology
      Sectors:
      Objective:

      Coal gasification technology, often referred to as Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC), is the process of gasifying coal to produce electricity. The coal is gasified by burning finely-crushed coal in an environment with less than half the amount of oxygen needed to fully burn the coal. Essentially, the coal is not burned directly but undergoes a reaction with oxygen and steam. This produces what is known as synthetic gas or “syngas.” This gas is then combusted in a combined cycle generator to produce electricity.

    • Ocean thermal energy conversion

      Type: 
      Technology
      Sectors:
      Objective:

      Marine renewables, also known as ocean energy, refers to a broad range of technologies that extract energy from the ocean; this energy can be in the form of ocean waves, tidal movements or thermal gradients.  Marine renewables are, in general, at a relatively early stage in their development and, as such, the methods of converting these potential energy sources into useful electrical power are still highly diversified, with many technologies competing for commercial viability.

    • Tidal energy

      Type: 
      Technology
      Sectors:
      Objective:

      Marine renewables, also known as ocean energy, refers to a broad range of technologies that extract energy from the ocean; this energy can be in the form of ocean waves, tidal movements or thermal gradients.

    • Wave energy

      Type: 
      Technology
      Sectors:
      Objective:

      Marine renewables, also known as ocean energy, refers to a broad range of technologies that extract energy from the ocean; this energy can be in the form of ocean waves, tidal movements or thermal gradients. Marine renewables are, in general, at a relatively early stage in their development and, as such, the methods of converting these potential energy sources into useful electrical power are still highly diversified, with many technologies competing for commercial viability.